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Otthon -- January 02, 1934President Roosevelt's Birthday
The Hungarian-American Citizens Association will celebrate the birthday anniversary of our President on January 29.
Those present will send a congratulatory letter to the President, in which they will express their gratitude for his efforts in behalf of the working class.
The Hungarian-American Citizens Association will celebrate the birthday anniversary of our President on January 29. Those present will send a congratulatory letter to the President, in which they will express ...
I F 2
Otthon -- January 02, 1934A New Hungarian Magazine
The Hungarian press has unexpectedly received an addition in the form of a monthly magazine, called Interest.
We do not know why the publisher christened it Interest, because that is not a Hungarian word, but perhaps he wished to symbolize the Americanization of our Hungarians.
Contributors to the first number were Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Herczig, Dr. Anton Feher, etc.
We wish luck to this new publication.
The Hungarian press has unexpectedly received an addition in the form of a monthly magazine, called Interest. We do not know why the publisher christened it Interest, because that is ...
II B 2 d 2, I F 4, III A
Secondary listingsHungarian // Attitudes > Politics > Extent of Influence (I F 4) ?
Hungarian // Assimilation > Segregation (III A) ?
Abendpost -- January 03, 1934The Bar (Editorial)
The question being raised at the moment is: Shall it be forbidden to serve drinks at the bar to women? It is frequently the custom to make an issue of minor matters in order to divert general attention from the major issue. The real question is not whether women are to be allowed to frequent bars, but whether it is permissible to have bars in saloons. The city ordinance provides that alcoholic beverages may be dispensed only to customers who are seated. And so seats have been placed before bars. However, few persons will doubt that this was done merely to ignore a promise made during the fight against prohibition--the promise to prevent the return of the saloon.
And it was only the bar that characterized the saloon and constituted an objectionable feature. There the bartender went about his work, though he was seldom content to mix and serve, but encouraged his customers to drink. If he 2saw that a guest was about to leave, he quickly started another "round," and thus made an additional round obligatory. A favorite trick of bartenders was to introduce one customer to another; of course it was evident that the introduction was to be followed by the invitation, "Have a drink on me". Not only was it considered an insult to decline the invitation, but it was also considered obligatory to reciprocate. This "treating" was one of the worst evils of the bar, and it will return, whether the customers are seated or standing.
How did our municipal legislators picture the situation in the event of insufficient seating accomodations for all customers? Were they really naive enough to believe that late arrivals would stand in back of occupied seats and patiently wait until a seat had become vacant? In that event we would soon see more customers standing than sitting, and all would be quenching their thirst with the precious liquid. Thus the road would soon be clear for the return of the old evils.3
There is only one way to prevent this, and that is to do away with the bar. Then the question of serving women would solve itself. Without the bar the saloon would be a fit place for female customers. In any event, that is the way the majority of those who united in the fight against prohibition must have pictured their proposed unobjectionable saloon.
It almost seems as though certain politicians place special value upon retaining the bar. No doubt they intend to use the bar again as a snare to catch voters. Unfortunately, the bar is the rendezvous of a certain element that sells its vote for a few drinks. In addition, the co-operation of the bartender or saloonkeeper is obtained in this manner, and they have great influence upon this type of customer.
If the bar is retained there will be an early change in the general attitude. That would be grist to the mills of the drys.
The question being raised at the moment is: Shall it be forbidden to serve drinks at the bar to women? It is frequently the custom to make an issue of ...
I B 2, I K
Abendpost -- January 04, 1934Useful Peacetime Work (Editorial)
Very few of our fellow citizens have the least conception of the work that has been accomplished by the 1,522 camp groups of the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the 8000 Indians who have been organized separately in similar groups. And yet this work has assumed such proportions that it well deserves to be publicized in wider circles, at least in its principal parts.
According to the statistics before us, no less than 12,671 miles of new road have been laid, 4299 bridges built, 5058 new telegraph lines erected, 1700 watchtowers and tool sheds constructed, and 25000 acres of land provided with trees. At the same time tree nurseries have been established and their yield during the coming few years will be sufficient to provide useful trees for 50,000 acres of land.2
Special care was taken to preserve forests, as is evident from the fact that about 800,000 acres were protected from harmful insects. In addition, 47,000 acres of land were freed from poisonous weeds, 3,566,000 acres were put under rodent control, and tree and plant diseases that do untold damage every year were fought successfully within an area of 1,765,000 acres.
Forty thousand work days were required to fight forest fires, and 129,962 acres of woodland were protected against devastation by instituting and applying proven preventive measures.
Nearly 68,000 work days were spent in the nurseries during these six months. At the same time a vast area of woodlands have been converted into forests by the removal of old trees and other obstacles, and this land will be very useful after some time, whereas it otherwise would have remained utterly without value.
Under these circumstances all credit is due to the initiative of 3President Roosevelt, who is sole creator of the Civilian Conservation Corps, and he deserves our gratitude, even though we were somewhat skeptical about his plans at first, and maintained that we saw nothing in them but a weak attempt to decrease the army of unemployed. We did not take into account the benefits which would accrue from the work of 300,000 young men under able and intelligent leadership.
Due to reasons easily understood the work of the Civilian Conservation Corps will prove to be more beneficial to future generations than to the present one; however, even the present generation, in consideration of its own best interests, has every reason to give this peacetime work the credit which it deserves.
Very few of our fellow citizens have the least conception of the work that has been accomplished by the 1,522 camp groups of the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the 8000 ...
I H, I L
Secondary listingsGerman // Attitudes > Agriculture in the United States (I L) ?
Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 04, 1934The Greek Clergy
The Greek people in America have often been heard to complain of the lack of education and culture of the Greek clergy in this country. By this is meant that most of the people feel that the aspirants to the priesthood are not qualified for such position of influence and leadership. The chief point of complaint seems to be their lack of education. However, during the recent convention of the Greek clergy here in Chicago, we had the opportunity of making certain investigations and comparisons. We finally came to the conclusion that the Greek clergy of America was far superior to that of Greece. At the time we were talking and writing about the deficiencies of our own priests we were not aware of the magnitude of the illiteracy among the priests in Greece.
The latest decision of the Holy Synod of Greece was that any one with a 2grammar-school education might try for the priesthood. From any standpoint this decision is a terrible one. People with no education, no preparation, and no cultural or spiritual attributes are chosen to be the spiritual leaders of a nation. They are the ones who are supposed to provide food for the spiritual appetites of a people. It is evident that under such conditions the Greek Orthodox Church will not be able to survive in its birthplace for long. It would be a curious phenomenon to see a religion die in its homeland and thrive on the foreign soil of America.
For the first time in our history has the church made such an announcement. In former years, in all the countries of the world, it was the clergy which was the educated and cultured group. Now, the opposite is going to happen. It is now very difficult to find an educated priest, or an educated man who is willing to enter the priesthood. This is a phenomenon that should be of interest to the students of theology and sociology.
The Greek people in America have often been heard to complain of the lack of education and culture of the Greek clergy in this country. By this is meant that ...
Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 04, 1934New Greek Concern
Three well-known Greek men, P. Kontominas, C. Pappas, and P. Malakates, have opened a new concern called "The Old Dutch Flour Company." Its offices and warehouses are at 831 West Polk Street in the building owned by P. Galanopoulos.
Mr. P. Kontominas has been in the flour business for many years, and has a large clientele of fine restaurants which buy all their flour from him. The addition of the other two gentlemen will triple the business because they are both well known and respected by Greek and American businessmen.
Three well-known Greek men, P. Kontominas, C. Pappas, and P. Malakates, have opened a new concern called "The Old Dutch Flour Company." Its offices and warehouses are at 831 West ...
II A 2
Abendpost -- January 04, 1934The President's Message (Editorial)
To Congress, and to the entire country, President Roosevelt's message was doubly surprising. It was surprising that he read the message in person, and his failure to make a single concrete proposal for legislation was certainly unexpected. After the Presidents had, for decades, refrained from reading their messages in person before Congress, President Wilson took up the old custom again. His example was followed by Harding and Coolidge, while Hoover avoided making a personal appearance before the representatives of the people.
One can easily understand what induced Roosevelt to come to the Capitol and deliver his message in person. The circumstances surrounding a Presidential message are such that it is addressed not only to the Congress, but to the whole people as well, and, since the radio now gives men in public life an opportunity to make a personal appeal to every individual in the country, one can imagine 2why Roosevelt preferred to deliver the message himself, rather than to turn it over to a clerk. There is the further consideration that this message, at least in the opinion of its author, is a unique and extremely important document.
Knowing that his appearing before Congress in person might seem a dictatorial gesture, Roosevelt sought to avoid giving this impression by laying particular emphasis upon the excellent progress made by Congress in the enactment of legislation. He explained that he had not come before Congress to demand new laws, but seriously to consult with it and to work with it in harmony. His message contained no proposals for new laws, but was chiefly a survey of what had been attempted and attained by the laws enacted in the special session of Congress.
Roosevelt left no doubt that by these laws a new social order had been created in this country. He pointed to the measures for the relief of agriculture, especially the balancing of production and consumption. He indicated that the purpose of the measures regulating industry and commerce was the suppression of tyrannical monopoly and at the same time, the elimination of destructive methods 3of competition. In a few sentences he touched upon the currency policy, its effects and its goal, as well as the financial, banking, and budget policies of his administration.
The President related his efforts to the history of the past when he alluded to the first sentence of the preamble of the Constitution and declared that the overwhelming majority of the people, without regard for party affiliations, sought for mankind a greater opportunity to find prosperity and happiness. He said that he agreed with the people that prosperity and welfare is not furthered by materialism and extravagance, but by honor, unselfishness, a feeling of responsibility, and justice.
The message makes clear that its author considers the laws enacted in the special session to be permanent measures. They were measures to fight the depression, but in Roosevelt's opinion the chief cause of the depression was the fact that these laws and this regulation by the authorities did not exist; consequently these measures must be permanent. Hence the message foreshadows the end of 4economic individualism and the beginning of an economic era which is permeated with socialist ideas.
The President's message is marked by an openness not usual in documents of this sort. Thus it declares that the efforts of European statesmen to promote better international relations and to limit armaments have been unsuccessful as yet. At the same time the President states emphatically that from now on the United States will keep clear of Europe's political bargains and problems. He also emphasizes that the Pan-American Conference in Montevideo was a success, and that the other American republics have been convinced that henceforth the United States will not interfere in their internal affairs.
In every respect the message is in harmony with the President's policies. In broad outline it explains the New Deal, its goals and methods, and it will undoubtedly help to establish and strengthen the people's confidence in the man in the White House.
To Congress, and to the entire country, President Roosevelt's message was doubly surprising. It was surprising that he read the message in person, and his failure to make a single ...
Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 04, 1934The President's Address [Editorial]
At this time the thoughts and attention of the American people are focused upon the President of the United States. Especial interest is evidenced in his latest speech to the Senate which was broadcast over the radio. Not so long ago the speeches made by presidents did not go much farther than Washington D. C. Sometimes the people read such speeches, but in the majority of cases they did not, because they were written in such technical language, and in such long-drawn-out paragraphs. Later, when the railroads began shortening the distance between cities and towns, and the telegraph made communication a simple procedure, larger and larger numbers of people began to follow the developments in Washington. During the last ten years the radio has brought the news of the world into every home. This, therefore, was the method chosen by the President for telling his people what the proposed program would mean to their welfare.....2
The President's defenders praise the incomparable manner in which he presents his policies to the people. Even his worst opponents envy his power of public appeal; while the radical groups seem to see a realization of their dreams for a socialistic government in America. This is made much of by the Republican party, which is conservative to the "nth" degree. However, all of the various political factions agree that the President was correct in his predictions and precautions. His speech to the American people was touching in its honesty, courage, and philanthropy. The method used by Roosevelt in presenting his beliefs to the people has caused a psychological change in the minds of all classes of people--except the conservatives and capitalists. To each person has come the realization of the difference between the policies and ideologies of the present Administration and the one in power before F. D. R. took over last March.
We are actually at the threshold of a great social upheaval. No matter what 3name we attach to the suggested reforms of the President, it is the common opinion that future relationships between the government and the individual will be different than ever before. There is a marked resemblance to national socialism. There is, as yet, no mention made of public ownership and lack of individual right to property; but the President has foreseen the day when the state will provide each unemployed person with work. That is nothing less than social equality--which does not, however, lead to the government of Marx, but to an ideal, long-sought type dreamed of by Plato, Moore, and Campanella.
Nevertheless, we do not wish to go on record as believing that Roosevelt is a socialist. On the contrary, the general outline of his program reveals that he is striving to strengthen the status quo, which was on shaky foundations before he took office. The President himself has said that a rebirth is being hoped for; a radical change in social ideals is being aimed at. This change which the President seeks to bring about--and which the great majority of 4American people are in favor of--will be accomplished by the passage of certain social laws and the establishment of certain guarantees which have been demanded by the people. The outline is based upon benefits for the up-until-now-forgotten common people of America. Food shelter, and clothing must be available to every human being because they are his natural and lawful heritage as a member of society.
The suggestions and ideals of the President mark a great turning point in the history of mankind. The hopes of men all over the world are fixed upon the success of these policies. The basis for the future government of all nations has been laid by Roosevelt. May his dreams become realities so that we may all--except, of course, the poor capitalists--benefit by them. It is unfortunate for humanity that more men such as Roosevelt are not in evidence in the governments of nations.
At this time the thoughts and attention of the American people are focused upon the President of the United States. Especial interest is evidenced in his latest speech to the ...
I E, II B 2 e, I D 1 a, I H
Secondary listingsGreek // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Radio Programs and Cinema (II B 2 e) ?
Greek // Attitudes > Economic Organization > Capitalistic Enterprise > Big Business (I D 1 a) ?
Greek // Attitudes > Social Problems and Social Legislation (I H) ?
Rassviet (The Dawn) -- January 05, 1934Does it Pay to Go to Russia?
To many Russians in America, this question has become a topic of daily talk and argument, and continues to agitate the minds of men and women of our colony. One hears many answers to this question. All these answers can be easily expressed in one of two words, "Yes" or "No". Those who say "yes" and those who say "no" give their own reasons for their views. The difficulty, however, lies in the fact that the opinion of neither group is based on logical thinking, but on their emotions.
One thing is certain, and that is that the question of the return of Russians from America to their homeland has many angles and many complexities. Therefore it deserves our close and most serious attention.
The Russian worker, "tiller of the soil," because of economic conditions, or political persecution, or mistreatment at the hands of landowners or government officials, was forced to emigrate to America, where he could breathe the air of 2freedom and improve his economic status. In other words, his aspirations to liberty and independence, his hopes for a better life and happiness, have driven him out of Russia, and have brought him to America.
But, even in America, the Russian immigrant has not found what he has been looking for. From the wide steppes of Russia, where he spent his youth, he was transferred into the sweatshop or into the smelly factory of the large American city. Then the European war broke out, and later the Russian revolution. The hearts of the Russian immigrants became gladdened, "Back to our home, where there now is liberty and independence!" Soon, letters began to come from those who had returned to Russia--sad letters, pointing to one fact, that life was impossible in Russia. Many of those who left America for their homeland after the revolution came back to the United States, all saying, in one voice, "There is no real living in Russia".
Then many Russians in America began to ask themselves, "What shall we do? Shall we return to Russia in spite of all the disadvantages, or should we make up our 3minds to call America our home and rearrange our lives accordingly?" This wavering mental attitude interfered with their economic pursuits.
In Russia, at the present time, there is an acute shortage of almost everything needed for the sustenance of life and of culture. The Bolsheviks had put their heavy hand upon everything that made life bearable. If those Russians who intend to return to Russia think they will find comfort, independence, and freedom of action there they are gravely mistaken. They will find hunger, want, and coercion by the dictators, who measure everybody and everything by one and the same yardstick. Let those who dream of the Soviet paradise abandon their fantastic dreams and hopes, as they will be shockingly disillusioned when they come in actual contact with the Soviet realities. It is much better for them to remain here, in bourgeois America, and make their plans for continuation of their residence here, and at the same time participate in the American workers' struggle for better life in this country.
But those in whose breasts the flame of revolution is still burning--those who 4still possess enough strength, energy, and courage, and who are ready and willing to fight against overwhelming party domination and face most cruel privations and hardships, and work in the only conditions possible under the dictatorship--those men can go to Soviet Russia and there exert their efforts to help the Russian people in overthrowing the cruel Bolshevik dictatorship.
Only those should go to Russia who dedicate themselves, and their life's work, to fighting capitalism and its power to the bitter end, and to bringing about a complete liberation of the working classes from their yoke. In Russia, the heavy billows of the revolution have not yet subsided, and there are more chances for success than in our conservative and inert America.
The soft-bodied dreamers who wait for happiness and the "Soviet paradise" in Russia might better remain here, for Russia needs only the revolutionaries--men who can build, upon the ruins of the dictatorship, a new and free society of peoples.
"Let this cup pass from me," prayed Christ upon the eve of his crucifiction.5
And as this cup of suffering did not pass from Christ, so it will not pass from those who intend to return to Russia. Let those who desire to go to Russia meditate well before reaching their decision.
To many Russians in America, this question has become a topic of daily talk and argument, and continues to agitate the minds of men and women of our colony. One ...
III G, III H, I E
Osadne Hlasy -- January 05, 1934Census to Be Taken in Chicago
In accordance with an ordinance passed by the City Council, the census of the residents of Chicago began this week. Over twenty-three hundred persons were assigned to this task. The following are a few of the twenty-six questions asked: How many members are there in the family? How many in the building? How many rooms does each family occupy? Do you own your house or are you a renter? Does the rent include heat? Are you a citizen? What is the sex and date of birth of each member of the family? Can you read and write English or any other language? Are you employed at the present? How long have you been working?
Those who are engaged in this work will be paid out of the funds of the Civil Works Administration. We advise our readers to see that they be listed as Slovaks and nothing else.
In accordance with an ordinance passed by the City Council, the census of the residents of Chicago began this week. Over twenty-three hundred persons were assigned to this task. The ...
III A, I C
Secondary listingsSlovak // Attitudes > Own and Other National or Language Groups (I C) ?
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