The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Magyar Tribune -- January 01, 1926
    [Popular Composition by Hungarian Composer]

    We are always ready to print news in regard to the accomplishments of our own Hungarian people. The well-known Chicago-Hungarian composer and music teacher, Charles Kovacs, has stepped into the American musical field. Charles Kovacs has just written that beautiful ballad the waltz, "Pining For You". This song has met with great success in the musical world.

    We are always ready to print news in regard to the accomplishments of our own Hungarian people. The well-known Chicago-Hungarian composer and music teacher, Charles Kovacs, has stepped into the ...

    Hungarian
    II A 3 b, IV, I C
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 02, 1926
    The Church Dance.

    The Greek church, the Assumption of Virgin Mary of the West Side Division, gives its First Annual Dance, on the 7th of Frebruary, in the Grand Ballroom of the Hotel Sherman.

    The parishioners of the church are urged to participate in the dance and make it a success. It is beyond doubt that other Greeks from various parts of the city will participate.

    The Greek church, the Assumption of Virgin Mary of the West Side Division, gives its First Annual Dance, on the 7th of Frebruary, in the Grand Ballroom of the Hotel ...

    Greek
    III C
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 02, 1926
    Xmas and Greeks, by Professor G. Nicolopoulos.

    The parishioners of the new Greek church had the golden opportunity to listen to the speech of Mr. G. Nicolopoulos, Dr. of Philosophy, delivered on the occasion of Xmas day.

    "What was the political condition of the world when Christ was born, what was the mental condition, the religious condition, and the moral condition of that time?

    Politically the world was good, because the Roman Empire which controlled the known world of that time established its laws to operate and function immutably for all. Money, communication, weights, punishment, and justice, were the same for all, over the huge Empire.

    "The mental condition of the world when Christ was born was also good, due to the fact that, from end to end of that tremendous Empire, the Greek language was spoken. The Greek language and Greek civilization were spread over all Asia, by Alexander the Great, and became the language and civilization of 2the whole Roman Empire. The world of that time was distinguished for its unity under one empire, and for its unity under one language and civilization.

    The religious condition of the world of that time was very bad. The Greeks were worshiping many gods, gods having the virtues and vices of humans; the Romans were worshiping gods of war; the Anatolians were worshiping trees, snakes, and stones; the Egyptians, cats and crocodiles. Such religious conditions were driving people away from Monotheism and pushing them to Atheism.

    The moral condition of the world at that time was also very bad. The people under the Scepter of that Empire were divided by law in two classes, the slaves and the masters. The women were considered as objects belonging to men; their life was at the mercy of men. The religious and moral conditions of that time tolerated sacrifices of human beings, and other deplorable and immoral ways of worshiping the many gods.

    Plato said to the Athenians, 'We are heading for destruction, unless Divine Providence sends us a Master.'

    3

    Four hundred years later the Star of Bethlehem was guiding the shepherds and the Wise Men to go and worship the Master of the world. Today we celebrate the birth of the Savior whose teachings of the existence of a true God no predecessor paralleled. The Master of all abolished Polytheism and led the world to salvation.

    Today, in this church, we are all in unity, glorifying his name and spreading his teachings to the four corners of the world. The Greeks in this church or any Greek church the world over sing the birth of the true God. Churches, therefore, are places of his spiritual unity, of glorification of his name and perpetuation of his teachings.

    We, the Greeks of Chicago, must be the prototype of Churches and schools, and urge the Greeks of this Country to build better and bigger churches, in order to serve the needs of each community. The maintenance of our religious grandeur can be accomplished, achieved and perpetuated, by building besides churches, schools, schools with the proper and appropriate teachers to immortalize the Greek language and Greek religion, thus bringing religious, educational, and national unity to the Greek race the world over. Xmas and the Greeks must be synonymous and must be perpetuated in the eons to come."

    The parishioners of the new Greek church had the golden opportunity to listen to the speech of Mr. G. Nicolopoulos, Dr. of Philosophy, delivered on the occasion of Xmas day. ...

    Greek
    II B 2 g, III C, III A, III B 3 b
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 02, 1926
    Greek Fur Shop.

    The Greek ladies of Chicago are pleased to take notice of the opening of a Greek fur shop. Variety, quality and reasonable prices will be distinctive innovations of the new store named Uptown Fur Company, located at 1135 Wilson Avenue. Achilles Balalas is the proprietor.

    The Greek ladies of Chicago are pleased to take notice of the opening of a Greek fur shop. Variety, quality and reasonable prices will be distinctive innovations of the new ...

    Greek
    II A 2
  • Russkii Viestnik -- January 02, 1926
    At Mr. I. Okuntsov's Lecture

    Mr. I. Okuntsov's lecture on Tuesday, Dec. 29, 1925, was fairly successful.

    About (one) hundred persons were listening to the lecturer, who was speaking about the unification of the Russian colony in America. He touched upon some dark sides of the life of the Russian colony, and pointed out the chief obstacles to our unification. He ardently advocated the members of the colony to get more education. He mercilessly branded hard drinking, to which many of the members of the colony are addicted. He also spoke of politics. "If we go into the game of politics," he said, "we shall never be unified. If we want to have success in our endeavor to be unified, we must leave alone politics. The non-partisan members of the colony will never join either the Communists, or the anarchists, or the Socialists. We can 2become unified, and see the good fruits of our unification, in benefit societies and kindred organizations."

    After that Mr. I. K. Okuntsov made a stirring appeal for more reading of books and more study.

    After the lecture questions were asked and opponents formulated their views. Mr. I. K. Okuntsov gave clever and pointed answers to these questions and objections. The audience was satisfied with the lecture.

    I. Osipik.

    Mr. I. Okuntsov's lecture on Tuesday, Dec. 29, 1925, was fairly successful. About (one) hundred persons were listening to the lecturer, who was speaking about the unification of the Russian ...

    Russian
    I C, I A 1 a
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 02, 1926
    Debasing the Greek Language.

    With the influence and the financial backing of the Vatican, a degenerate Greek, pseudo professor, came recently to Athens, to pursue the abdominable activity of debasing the Greek language, and the Greek orthodox church and faith.

    The financial means, which, this degenerate possesses is $50,000.00 which he spends right and left. This money emanates from the Vatican City of Rome, which very much resents the Greek language of the Gospel, and longs for its alteration.

    This froglike, Franco-Levantine, Greek, who went to Paris from Constantinople, educated himself in the brothels of Paris, renounced his Greek religion and his country, Greece, and become a Catholic serf of the Vatican. In this City with the inexhaustible supply of money at his command, he endeavored to persuade the Greeks of Paris to change their religion and become puppets and serfs of the Catholic church, leaving nothing undone, that should be done, to Catholicize the Greeks of Paris. As long as the appropriated money lasted, his pupils helped him spend it. Leaving Paris he soon made an appearance in 2Athens where, with the help of 50,000 American dollars, he succeeded in forming a clique, to fight against the Greek language and the Greek orthodox religion. His cohorts audaciously yelped, "Vive Jean Psihari Le Sankoule De Paris!" following him everywhere as long as the dollars lasted.

    This dishonorable being published some books under the instruction and guidance of the Catholic church, which books he distributed gratis among his followers. Some of those books made their appearance here in Chicago. Only one glance through this book is sufficient to cause the reader to realize the ugliness and the strangeness of the written language; it is the language of the Vatican, the language that the Vatican wants the Greeks to learn and speak.

    A distinguished Englishman of letters named Joseph McCabe speaking at the auditorium of the Catholic church said, "For twenty years I was a professor at the Vatican, teaching ministers, I, therefore, know what is Catholicism; it is the most mysterious organization in the world. In England Catholicism is advocated and supported by H. G. Wells and Mr. Chesterton, under the auspices and financial assistance of the Vatican. These two men published a newspaper for the Catholics.

    3

    "In France I met, besides others, a Greek named John Psihari, who advocates Catholicism. This Greek makes himself conspicuous, owing to the fact that he is small in height and his frog-like face makes a display of professional education; in reality he is not educated."

    Now, my dear Greeks, if and when you see a book of this degenerate Greek, take a look at it, convince yourself of its ugliness and depravity, and then burn it up. The Greek language and Greek religion will remain unaltered if we really are the sons of Greece. The above mentioned imitation of a human being cannot be a Greek.

    With the influence and the financial backing of the Vatican, a degenerate Greek, pseudo professor, came recently to Athens, to pursue the abdominable activity of debasing the Greek language, and ...

    Greek
    III C, III H, III A
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 02, 1926
    Erection of Rural Mansion of $250,000.

    Mr. George Prasinos of Chicago bought seven acres of land near Lake Zurich for $35,000. On this land, Mr. Prasinos began to build a 100 room hotel at the cost of $125,000. The rest of the land will be transformed into gardens resembling the Gardens of Kifisia. The site of the gardens will be named Kifisia.

    Mr. George Prasinos of Chicago bought seven acres of land near Lake Zurich for $35,000. On this land, Mr. Prasinos began to build a 100 room hotel at the cost ...

    Greek
    II A 2
  • Russkii Viestnik -- January 02, 1926
    At Mr. Bernardo's Lecture

    On Tuesday, Dec. 29, 1925, Mr. Bernardo, a journalist, gave a lecture. His lecture was very interesting. The subject was, "Russia and America. "The character of the lecture was entirely non-political. The lecturer gave a sketch of the needs of the Russian colony, and pointed out that we must be entirely cured of our predilection for politics.

    "Politics," he said, "divide the members of the colony into cliques and bring dissensions into the life of the colony."

    Mr. Bernardo pointed out that the colony was tired of politics, and that in order to organize the Russian colony in America, to unify it, we should work energetically in benefit societies, cooperatives and such like organizations.

    2

    He said further that the Russian colony was losing interest in politics and has begun to aspire after education. Many are attending schools and reading scientific books. Therefore - and Mr. Bernardo emphasized this thought - it is necessary to start doing work on the field of culture and enlightenment; to drop politics and to undertake constructive activities instead; to move from a state of being scattered like dust to a state of unification.

    The lecture proved to be interesting and besides also useful.

    I. Osipik.

    On Tuesday, Dec. 29, 1925, Mr. Bernardo, a journalist, gave a lecture. His lecture was very interesting. The subject was, "Russia and America. "The character of the lecture was entirely ...

    Russian
    I A 1 a, I C
  • Saloniki-Greek Press -- January 02, 1926
    Christian Association of Greek Youth, the National Joy.

    One of the most important Greek organizations in this country is the National Joy, which tends to become similar to the American Y.M.C.A.

    The present teachers and lectures of the institution are aiming to give the members, Christian and social culture, naturalization and mutual assistance.

    In last Sunday's election of the Association, the following officers were elected, S. Kotsonis, president; E. Nomicos, vice president; J. Simigdalas, treasurer; and N. Poulos, general secretary. On the Board of Directors are G. Katsinis, B. Karagianis, M. Mamalacos and P. Eliopoulos.

    One of the most important Greek organizations in this country is the National Joy, which tends to become similar to the American Y.M.C.A. The present teachers and lectures of the ...

    Greek
    III C, III E
  • Forward -- January 03, 1926
    A Jewish View of Jesus, the Man

    Dr. Joseph Klausner, Professor of modern Hebrew literature at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, whose Jesus of Nazareth has recently appeared in English translation, deserves worthy American disciples. It is regrettable that the general public, Jewish and Gentile, lay and clerical, should first learn about Klausner's book through such a man as Rabbi Wise. Whatever a Jew may think of Klausner's treatment of the difficult problem of Jesus and the modern Jew, he is bound to feel that his views are the result of deep research and profound reflection. But it is a far cry from the quiet methods of the scholarly Klausner to the rhetoric of Dr. Wise.

    Dr. Wise is either fortunate or unfortunate--depending upon one's point of view--in that he is regarded by the city editors as good "copy". Two weeks ago he saw fit to introduce Klausner's book to his congregation. The inevitable result was that on the following day the newspapers devoted an eight-column, screaming headline to the sermon, and the [New York] world featured the 2story on the front page. "'Jews Must Accept Jesus,' Rabbi Says," was the way the World put it; "'Nazarene not a Myth and His Teachings Must be Adopted by Hebrew,' Wise Adds," read the sub-head. The first paragraph stated: "Standing before a crowded congregation yesterday Rabbi Wise of the Free Synagogue declared that, contrary to Hebraic teachings, Jesus of Nazareth was not a myth, but a man; and that the Jews must accept the teachings of Jesus."

    We have had the "Jesus cult" with us for some time. This is not the first time Rabbi Wise, as well as the other Reform rabbis, has availed himself of the opportunity to utter opinions regarding the personality and teachings of Jesus and the relation of the Jews toward Him during the Christmas season. Dr. Alexander Lyons had done the same thing time and again during the past two decades. Rabbi H. G. Enelow published a book in 1920 entitled A Jewish View of Jesus, The Jew, with an introduction by Dr. David Starr Jordan. Back in 1875 the late Joseph Jacobs issued anonymously As Others See Him, an imaginary story supposedly written by a Jewish scribe in Alexandria in the year 54 A.D. Last spring this 3book was reprinted, and Dr. Wise delivered a sermon on the subject matter in Jacobs' book. "I find in Jesus," declared Dr. Wise, "a great, dominant, changeless, Jewishness from the beginning to the end. No one is as completely and truly Jewish as Jesus. Because Christians affirm the Christ, shall we Jews deny Jesus? Jesus was a Jew; Jesus was a man. As Jew, as man, we Jews glory in the humanness and the Jewishness of Him who was most human and most Jewish."

    Sixteen years earlier, Claude G. Montifiore published The Synoptic Gospels, wherein he showed that many Gospel teachings were derived from Hebrew sources. At the same time he urged modern Jews to incorporate certain Gospel doctrines into the Jewish religion. The publication of Montifiore's work called forth Ahad Ha'am's famous polenical essay, "Between Two Stools," which is probably the finest modern presentation of the fundamental differences between the Jewish and Christian Weltanschauungen. Mr. Montifiore's book was followed several years later by the two volumes Studies in Pharisaism and the Gospels by Israel Abrahams of Cambridge which are a permanent contribution to any study on the subject. Even among the Yiddish writers there are to be found some whose view of Jesus is similar to 4that of Wise--Dr. Chaim Zhitlowsky, for instance.

    Now what is it all about? What did Klausner set out to show in his book? The central problem of any study of the life of Jesus, says Klausner, is this: We are face to face with three important facts. In the first place, Jesus was born a Jew; He lived as a Jew; He died a Jew. In the second place, the disciples--His thirteen original disciples--gradually deserted the Jewish religion. In the third place (and this is the core of the matter), the overwhelming majority of the Jewish people utterly rejected the teachings of Jesus during His lifetime and have since then refused to accept any part of the Christian religion. How is this fact to be explained?

    The tradition Christian explanation is that the Jews hardened their hearts against the benign teachings of Jesus, just as God had hardened the heart of Pharaoh against the pleadings of Moses. In other words, in the drama of Salvation, the Jews (it was God's Will) played the parts of villains. Another explanation offered is that Saul of Tarsus, afterward known as Saul the Apostle, introduced Greek and 5heathen elements into the Judaic teachings of the Jews, and, thereby, created a Christian religion which the Jews found unacceptable. Klausner rejects both hypotheses. It is not necessary to argue with Jews that the ancient church teaching that the Jews, out of pure spite, rejected Jesus Christ is absurd. Nor is it reasonable to suppose that Pauline Christianity could ever have come into existence unless there was something in the very essence of Jesus' teachings which made such a development possible--if not inevitable.

    It is not correct to say, as Wise so confidently asserted, that Judaism teaches that Jesus was a myth. Not at all. Maimonides, for instance, distinctly asserts that Jesus lived, and that He was an Adam Gadol, a great man. The historicity of Jesus is taken for granted. Certain scholars have advanced the theory that Jesus is a myth: for instance, Arthur Drews and Ernest Haeckel. Jews have never troubled themselves on this point. It no more matters to the Jews whether Jesus really lived or someone else was the author of the teachings attributed to Him, than whether Shakespeare wrote the plays which go by his name. The important thing is that the 6teachings of Jesus are very real, and someone, by whatever name he may be known, undoubtedly inspired them.

    Nor is it a novel doctrine that Jesus was a Jew by birth. The disciples of Jesus were Orthodox, pious Jews. The disciples confined their efforts to Jerusalem. The teachings of Jesus spread among the Palestinean Jews, Hellenized Jews, and Gentiles. The conservative faction, or Judaeo-Christians, was led by James, the brother of Jesus. They insisted that proselytes must first become Jews before accepting the Gospel of Jesus. Not only must the proselytes be circumcised, but they must also bind themselves to observe both the written and oral law. Had not Jesus himself said: "Until heaven and earth shall pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass away from the law till everything in it be done;" and "He who relaxes a single one of the very least of these commandments and teaches men, so shall he be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven". And "Ye worship that which we know not; we worship that which we know; for Salvation is from the Jews." The Judaeo-Christians continually lost 7ground, and in time played no part in the history of Christianity.

    Quite different was the attitude of the Palestinean Jews who lived in a heathen environment, in Alexandria, where many heathen had become proselytes. The Palestinean Jews in Alexandria conceived of Judaism as a universal religion opposed to idolatry and emphasizing monotheism. The Gentile Christians went further. Never having been Jews, they refused to see in Christianity a variety of Judaism; they considered it a new, distinct religion of Salvation.

    No Jew has any quarrel with Christians who profess to see in Jesus the fountainhead of their religion. It is their own concern. But it is more than presumptuous to preach a "Jesus cult" to Jews because they have felt instinctively all these centuries that there is nothing in common between Judaism and Christianity. To speak of Jesus independently of the Christian religion as it has developed throughout the ages, is to be devoid of historic perspective. Jesus and Christianity are one and indivisible. To accept one means to accept both.

    8

    Klausner almost admits this much. "What," he asks in the concluding chapter, "is Jesus to the Jewish nation at the present day? To the Jewish nation. He can be neither God nor the Son of God; neither can He be to the Jewish nation the Messiah, Prophet, Lawgiver or the Founder of a new religion; neither is He a Pharisaic Rabbi. But Jesus is, for the Jewish nation, a great teacher of morality and an artist in parable." Fate has spun a story around the death of a Jew called Jesus--a legend and a myth. The story without the legend has no significance. To tear out the myth of Jesus is to tear out the heart of the Christian religion. Once upon a time Jesus belonged to the Jewish people. He no longer does. He cannot be reclaimed to the Jews unless the Jews are willing to embrace Christianity. It is too late--eighteen hundred years too late!--to ask the Jews today to "accept" Jesus. Let the Christians do it first!

    Dr. Joseph Klausner, Professor of modern Hebrew literature at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, whose Jesus of Nazareth has recently appeared in English translation, deserves worthy American disciples. It is ...

    Jewish
    I B 4, III A, III C