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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 02, 1894
    The Year of 1893 (Annual Report) (Editorial)

    The year of 1893 has ended--it belongs to the past and we are already looking at its successor's countenance. At such a momentous time--the turning point in our lives that brings us a step nearer to the gate of eternity, the goal for which Providence created us--it is advisable to turn away for a moment from our daily pursuits, our ideals, and examine our past in order to draw inferences for the future. The blunders of the past, if we are able to detect and understand them, will serve us as a lesson for the future. Past failures will incite us to new efforts in the future; our past accomplishments will show us what is yet to be done.

    2

    An analysis of the past, as undertaken by us here, is necessary and beneficial, especially in our circumstances, since it concerns our young and still restless generation that seeks to adapt itself to conditions in America.

    Since we are starting the new year in the name of God, [a discussion of] the Church is most important. If we agree that we Poles in America constitute more or less a community within a community, that besides the usual social obligations we have in common with the people of the United States, we also have a special aim peculiar to ourselves--that is, to protect our Holy Faith and nationality, and to work in the interest of our motherland--then we must admit that the Polish churches and parishes serve as an axis around which revolve national, religious, and moral life.

    Our churches and parishes are called strongholds of faith and nationalism and, indeed, they deserve this name. The character of our very religious people is such that, wherever they are gathered in large numbers, they 3feel the necessity of praying together and in their native tongue to the Lord of Heaven. It is for this reason that they build Polish churches and live near then, each nucleus establishing its own Polish school. Under the leadership of intelligent priests, activity and thought are awakened. After this awakening, there follows a tedious ant-like nationalistic work--a work intended to build up Poles out of the raw material that came from Europe.

    Catholic churches and parishes are the foundation of Polish social life in America. The growth of the Polish churches in the United States has been quite noticeable despite the fact that the inflow of Polish immigrants has been small on account of restrictions and unfavorable [economic] conditions.

    Many Polish parishes have been established and many Polish churches have been built or are under construction (in Chicago, Buffalo, Milwaukee). The number of Polish priests has increased considerably too, for many of 4them have immigrated to America and others have been ordained right here. According to the last census, there are 230 Polish priests in America. Many missions and special church services have been held in Polish parishes. Schools have been established; work, both in the nationalistic and welfare fields, has been undertaken.

    In other words, the Polish Roman Catholic Church has been growing, being in reality a torch guiding the traveler and a shelter giving comfort to the exiled. It would be difficult to convince us that we should not continue to work for the success of the Church. On the other hand, those who try to undermine our Church harbor an ominous design against the essence of our national, religious, and social life. To be exact, we will state that the history of the development of the Polish Catholic Church in America is not without a dark passage here and there. Such is the world. There have been sharp disturbances in Polish parishes (in Winona, Baltimore, Philadelphia) now and then--disturbances which have brought disgrace to our nationality. Once an attempt was made to dynamite a Polish rectory in Pennsylvania. In 5Detroit, the apostate Kolasinski--a former Roman Catholic priest who is still misleading a few thousands of stupefied Poles--staged a disgraceful comedy on Christmas Day, when his "self-made church" was consecrated by a swindler posing as an archbishop. These are indeed very sad symptoms [of discord], but this is no time for discussing them. It will be sufficient for the time being to condemn saverely the instigators of these dissensions, whose purpose is to create a source of discord and dishonesty. At any rate, these dark symptoms of discord are outweighed by the large bright field on which they appear, since the main and largest Polish settlements in America enjoy peace and live according to God's will, and since the last year brought about the reconciliation with the Church of one old Polish parish which had been tossed aside by the internal storm. This was accomplished by understanding and Christian love. Let us hope that this same understanding and Christian love will subdue in the future such storms as we had last year by bringing the guilty ones to reason.

    Next are the schools. Here in America by schools we mean the parochial 6schools, which, together with the churches, complete the Polish parishes. According to Church statistics, we have more than 170 Polish parishes in America. The number of parochial schools is approximately 120, if not more. According to last year's reports, several Polish schools were established in 1892. Some of these schools are not very imposing. They are not yet finished for lack of funds, since the memberships of the parishes that maintain them are still too small. All in all, if we take into consideration that these schools are maintained by our hard-working people, the majority of whom live in poverty, let alone that quite often they have been opposed in their undertaking by the Republicans, we will come to the conclusion that we have accomplished a great deal.

    From forty to fifty thousand children receive education at these schools. These children study not only Polish but also English. Incidentally, we should add that some of the Polish schools, especially those in large Polish settlements, operate under standards high enough to enable them to compete with public schools. We may take for example the Polish schools 7in Chicago, Milwaukee, Buffalo, Detroit, and other cities. That Polish schools have a high standard of teaching can be proved by the two awards given them by the Chicago Fair for their work. So much for the elementary schools.

    As to high schools, we have only a small number of them. Our Polish theological seminary in Detroit, Michigan, due to lack of funds, is conducted on a small scale; consequently, it cannot compete with liberally endowed American institutions despite the sacrifices of the faculty. Today the future outlook of this institution looks much better, for at the Polish Clergymen's Convention held in Detroit last December, the decision was made to incorporate and support this institution. This decision is praiseworthy.

    The two Polish parochial high schools--one in Chicago and the other in Milwaukee, Wisconsin--are maintained privately, and its supporters deserve great credit. Reverend Pitass has promised to open a teachers' training 8school in Buffalo, New York, and we are waiting eagerly for this accomplishment. We also have a business college in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, conducted by the Felician Sisters, and it is a success. Here in Chicago, as the Convention of the Polish Roman Catholic Union, the Polish teachers formed an association, the object of which is to foster education, to provide mutual aid, and to arrange teachers' conventions. Our teachers are greatly interested in the Lwow Fair, which will take place at Lwow, Poland (Austrian occupation), in 1894. We wish to point out that the majority of parochial school teachers are women. Our schools are directed and taught by Nazarene, Felician, Notre Dame, and Franciscan Sisters, who deserve great credit for their work.

    The foregoing statements prove that there is great activity, development, and progress in the field of education among the Poles. However, we still need and desire to have more high schools.

    School attendance alone is not the last word in education. Reading popular literature and attending popular lectures are also necessary. These are 9mediums whereby the people can be enlightened and uplifted. Our people are becoming more and more interested in literature; the young people, as well as the old, like to read.

    The newspapers also help spread enlightenment and develop social life, providing they do not become too controversial and engage in scandalous quarrels or cater to the lower desires of the public.

    The past year was successful in educational activities. New libraries were established here and there, and old ones were enlarged by the purchase of hundreds of new books. The libraries of Saint Stanislaus Kostka, the Polish National Alliance, Saint Hyacinth, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as well as the Polish Reading Room in Buffalo, New York, and others, have grown to large proportions. There are from thirty to forty Polish libraries, large and small, in the United States. Here and there a public library has a Polish section. From time to time public lectures were held. Attempts were made on several occasions to organize a Polish educational association to serve as our Polish Alma Mater. Publication of popular literature 10was also considered, and this resulted in the publication of a number of pamphlets. Although it is quite true that these publications consist of reprints and schoolbooks, yet there was some development even along this line. The most important step was the plan to organize a Polish Educational Association which would be impartial and always ready to work for the good of the public.

    As to the press, it has other functions besides the ones already mentioned. Let us devote a few words to these functions. We must admit that despite all its defects, the Polish American press has fulfilled its purpose. Whenever a good plan was suggested, our press supported it with all its might; whenever public welfare was concerned, it put aside its own interests to attend to it. It opposed the bad and supported the good. However, there were exceptions. Ephemeral publications sprang up now and then, here and there, before and after election. There were itinerant editors, traveling from city to city, living off the fat of the land. We saw in their ranks open and secret anarchists declaring war against the Cross, but the Polish 11press as a whole was healthy; it cared for the welfare of the public, for which it deserves honor. The standard of many Polish journals has improved. Of special interest is the change in the editorial staff of the Polish National Alliance's organ, which, after four years of poor management, was placed in the hands of an honest man. Let us follow this road and, with God's help, we will benefit our countrymen. We will sow good seed and reap a rich harvest.

    As to our organizations, they are another important factor in our life. In a country as large as the United States, organizational activity is absolutely necessary. Here the associations care for things which in other countries are looked after by the government. Organizations and associations unite those who have the same social, political, and religious ideas and those who share in common the same needs and trades. Organizations help them accomplish their ideals and protect them against their enemies. And so it is with us. We organized thousands of small societies for this purpose, societies which later merged into large organizations.

    12

    We have four such organizations--large and small. The Polish Roman Catholic Union, under the protection of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and the Polish National Alliance lead numerically. The Union is progressing rapidly. The Roman Catholic Union, under the protection of the Holy Virgin of Czestochowa, is an independent organization. These organizations were not necessarily created to serve different purposes, yet it is not always that they have worked together for the common good. As a matter of fact, they have often fought amongst themselves. We do not wish to express our opinion as to who is right or wrong--what we wish is to avoid further friction. In fact, we are happy to point out that these antagonisms, fights, and storms have subsided. This abatement of the struggle happened in 1893, during the conventions held that year by our most important societies. Instead of discords and storms, these conventions brought us peace and unselfish community work. Dissension, which was the slogan at least for one side, has ceased. At last we have harmony and satisfaction--we were benefited.

    Finally, to top it all, there came the beautiful, magnificent, and wonderful 13Polish Day, a day which is still remembered by all of us. An extraordinary thing occurred then. We American citizens marched under American and Polish banners as Poles, in behalf of Poland and for Poland. We marched side by side--we members of different camps, factions, organizations, and societies--with our hands outstretched and sympathy in our hearts, even though the day before we had been enemies. We have learned to march in the same rank. Pax Dei! Poles have God's peace in America. Let this peace last not only throughout the new year of 1894 but forever.

    Out of this peace, on account of this good inspiration, many good, great, and beautiful things have been accomplished. More will come. Out of the ashes, like the Phoenix, the Polish Immigration House was resurrected. The problem of the Polish seminary was finally solved in the spirit of brotherly love. A very energetic effort was made to send representatives to the Kosciusko Fair, which will be held at Lwow in 1894. Plans were made to prepare lectures relative to the condition and history of the Polish settlements in America. A move was made for closer solidarity between the Poles 14and our historical neighbors, the Lithuanians, and our consanguineous people, the Ruthenians and Slovaks. A plan was made--and it was partly carried out--to organize military, athletic, and other societies. A suggestion was made to organize a Polish League and to hold a Polish mass meeting. These are projects just started but not yet finished. However, we believe that the first steps have been taken, and that the Lord will give us enough strength to go ahead until these things are successfully completed.

    A very encouraging sign was the establishment of relations with our mother country. These relations began with the mission of Mr. Dunikowski, and although this mission failed in part, there is still hope. The Chicago Fair contributed greatly in this respect. Some of the visitors from Poland who came to see the Fair did not judge us fairly--that is true, but many of them made their acquaintance with the American Poles and appreciated us. Mr. Dunikowski's book about us, although not true and just in every respect, brought us closer to Poland. In Przeglad Emigracyjny (Emigrants' Review), 15published in Lwow, Poland, we have a faithful friend and defender who is very well acquainted with our affairs. The last legal congress held in Poznan was greatly interested in the problem of emigration, and our pavilion at the Lwow Fair will accomplish the rest. With less sarcasm and undue criticism between the Polish element in the United States and the European Poles, a noble aim, a friendly relation will be effected between our motherland and the American Poles.

    We have mentioned the Chicago Fair. Even this exposition, despite the unfavorable circumstances, contributed to some extent towards raising the Polish name. The Polish Art exhibit, which we inaugurated so ostentatiously, contained many masterpieces by Polish artists. These masterpieces were greatly admired by people of other nationalities, evoking great enthusiasm among our countrymen. A number of these paintings received high awards.

    As a result of the Fair, we participated in educational congresses. Visitors from Poland participated in artists', singers', anthropologists', and other congresses. Mr. Zmigrodzki delivered a very interesting 16lecture on art. Madame Modrzejewska, in behalf of the Polish women, spoke about oppressed Poland. Polish choirs sang our national songs. To the Catholic Congress we presented an English pamphlet on suitable subjects. In other words, even here we tried to do what was possible.

    We worked in every field. We protested very vigorously against the American Extradition Treaty with Russia, but in vain. An effort to erect Kosciusko's monument in Chicago was made. We collected eighteen thousand dollars for this purpose. We held a competition for a design of Kosciusko's monument and received four models of high artistic value. One of these models, a design submitted by Mr. Baracz, will probably be executed. When? It is very hard to predict. Hard times are not in favor of this undertaking this year. Instead of that, we will build a Polish hospital in Chicago, and this will be accomplished. A suggestion was made to establish a colony outside of the city for the poor Chicago Poles. We even succeeded in founding a literary competition for Polish-American authors. We will not mention here many small undertakings that came to a successful conclusion during the 17year just ended.

    Although the last year was abundant in achievements, national and social, it had one defect--it was not prosperous. During the second part of the year there was a financial panic which was hard on the working people--many of whom suffered hunger and privation. This encouraged crime. But, even in this respect, our countrymen succeeded in avoiding the worst, and our more wealthy people, led by the clergy, did all they could for their suffering countrymen.

    And this is a brief record of the year of 1893. It was not a year of absolute happiness and joy; it was a year of difficulties and endeavors, a year of work hard to accomplish but which brings satisfaction if performed right. The foregoing lines show the magnitude of the task accomplished. This record should strengthen us in the conviction that much can be accomplished if one has determination, energy, and strong hands. With trust in God, with love in our heart for our neighbor, and with the leading 18star of our ideals before us, we are beginning the new year, and the Lord will help us accomplish that which we started--to reach the place of our destination.

    The year of 1893 has ended--it belongs to the past and we are already looking at its successor's countenance. At such a momentous time--the turning point in our lives that ...

    Polish
    III C, II C, III H, III G, III A, II D 3, II D 1, II D 10, III B 2, I D 2 c, I A 2 a, II B 1 e, II B 2 a, II B 2 g, II B 2 f, II B 2 d 1, II B 1 c 3

    Secondary listings

    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Permanent Memorials (II C) ?
    Polish // Assimilation > Relations with Homeland (III H) ?
    Polish // Assimilation > Immigration and Emigration (III G) ?
    Polish // Assimilation > Segregation (III A) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Benevolent and Protective Institutions > Hospitals, Clinics and Medical Aid (II D 3) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Benevolent and Protective Institutions > Benevolent Societies (II D 1) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Benevolent and Protective Institutions > Foreign and Domestic Relief (II D 10) ?
    Polish // Assimilation > Nationalistic Societies and Influences > Activities of Nationalistic Societies (III B 2) ?
    Polish // Attitudes > Economic Organization > Unemployment (I D 2 c) ?
    Polish // Attitudes > Education > Parochial > Elementary, Higher (High School and College) (I A 2 a) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Aesthetic > Literature (II B 1 e) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Libraries (II B 2 a) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Forums, Discussion Groups and Lectures (II B 2 g) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Special Schools and Classes (II B 2 f) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Intellectual > Publications > Newspapers (II B 2 d 1) ?
    Polish // Contributions and Activities > Avocational and Intellectual > Aesthetic > Theatrical > Festivals, Pageants, Fairs and Expositions (II B 1 c 3) ?

    Card Images

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  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 02, 1894
    Polish Activities School Girls and Orphans Stage Play

    A very interesting and thrilling theatrical play was staged last Sunday afternoon at the large Polish hall near Bradley Street. The play, given for the benefit of the Polish orphans (sheltered at the Holy Family Home), was directed by the Sisters of Notre Dame, the guardians of the Holy Family Home. As a large number of tickets had been sold before the performance, many people attended and the proceeds were quite large. The first part of the play was performed by the orphans, both girls and boys, and the second part by the school children.

    The speeches of the little orphans, in which they thanked the public for its generosity, were so emotional that every little while weeping was heard in the hall. When one of the boys started a speech with the words "I have no father," one of the persons in the audience was so moved by emotion that he 2arose and approached the stage to offer a donation, which evidently came from his heart.

    The play was well written and the children played it skillfully, which proves that the orphans are receiving a good education in English and Polish. The scene with the dolls was so amusing that the sixteen girls who took part in it had to repeat the performance. The vocal music presented by thirty boys and thirty-two girls was a great success. A comedy presented by two boys disclosed talent.

    The production presented by the girls pleased the public immensely. The Sisters deserve great credit for their good work, and we should honor them for their devotion and hard work.

    A very interesting and thrilling theatrical play was staged last Sunday afternoon at the large Polish hall near Bradley Street. The play, given for the benefit of the Polish orphans ...

    Polish
    II D 4, III C, II B 1 c 1
  • Svenska Tribunen -- January 03, 1894
    New Year's Festivals

    1. Balder Society on New Year's Eve., last Sunday, gave its annual children's feast in Svenska Hallen, 456 31st St. The affair was well attended and very successful. The singing and laughing little ones danced around a tall richly adorned Christmas tree in the midst of the hall. They were treated with apples, nuts and candy, and everyone was happy.

    2. The Swedish Glee Club gave a concert at Brand's Hall. Applelon's and Grundstrom's Orchestras played, and several solo singers appeared on the stage, together with the Glee Club.

    1. Balder Society on New Year's Eve., last Sunday, gave its annual children's feast in Svenska Hallen, 456 31st St. The affair was well attended and very successful. The singing ...

    Swedish
    III B 2, II B 1 a
  • Svenska Tribunen -- January 03, 1894
    Augustinus Wallenberg, Sculptor.

    Augustinus Wallenberg is given "a big hand" by the Swedish Tribune today as a most welcome Swedish sculptor to Chicago. Two of his works are on exhibition in Abbotts art store on Madison St. One is a head of an old sailor and one is a head of a laughing young girl. "These works," says the Tribune," are both full of life and character, All his works are, we can say,'peculiar, in that they always reflect the master's peculiar genius."

    Augustinus Wallenberg is given "a big hand" by the Swedish Tribune today as a most welcome Swedish sculptor to Chicago. Two of his works are on exhibition in Abbotts art ...

    Swedish
    II A 3 c
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 04, 1894
    Polish Activities Theatrical Play at Pulaski Hall

    The Polish Terpsichorean Club will present a play on January 7, 1894, at Pulaski Hall, 800 South Ashland Avenue.

    "The Bell of Saint Hedwig", a three-act play of four scenes, taken from everyday life, will be presented. There will be a dance after the performance. The play will begin at 7:30 P. M. Tickets: Adults 25 cents, children 10 cents.

    Joseph W. Zacharzewski

    Secretary.

    The Polish Terpsichorean Club will present a play on January 7, 1894, at Pulaski Hall, 800 South Ashland Avenue. "The Bell of Saint Hedwig", a three-act play of four scenes, ...

    Polish
    II B 1 c 1
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 05, 1894
    Poles Dedicate 1894 to Kosciusko (Editorial)

    Kosciusko's centennial has begun. That it should be honored properly by American Poles is the opinion expressed by the Polish-American press. This matter was taken up by our journal and our colleagues Kuryer Polski, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Wiara i Ojczyzna, and Zgoda. Later on other Polish newspapers published long and short articles on the subject.

    That the one-hundredth anniversary of the memorable year in our history will be observed is certain. Our public realizes that this year is very dear to the Poles living in America because it is the one-hundredth anniversary of the insurrection of the Polish people--a year with which the name of the Polish-American hero, Thaddeus Kosciusko, is very closely connected. Our duty, therefore, not only as Poles but also as American citizens, is to elevate and honor 2the name of this undaunted hero and unblemished patriot.

    At present, the Polish element in America is favorably disposed toward this matter, and this is proved in the special New Year issue of our journal. In this issue we have presented not only our own opinion but also the opinions of many outstanding Poles belonging to many camps. These opinions express patriotic feelings; all of them stand for unity and co-operation. Some of our leaders declared openly that Kosciusko's centennial should be honored specially. In other words, the opinion of the public is prepared. We should, therefore, take it for granted that the American Poles will observe Kosciusko's centennial in some special manner. The question is, How?

    This question should be settled as soon as possible, since March 24th (one-hundredth anniversary of Kosciusko's oath of allegiance) and April 4th (one-hundredth anniversary of the battle at Raclawice)--the commemorative days on which celebrations will be held--are very close. We also should also be aware that 3special preparations must be made. Attention should be paid to the present economic conditions, that is, the depression which affects us so painfully, and to the resulting need for humanitarian work. The celebration of Polish Day should also be taken into consideration. Finally, we should have in mind other projects, which have been started but which are not yet completed--such as participation in the Lwow Fair in 1894, which must be financed [by us]. These are important matters and should be attended to.

    From these considerations, we can draw the following conclusions:

    (1.) Since we held a magnificent Polish Day celebration only a few months ago--about which the echoes are still reverberating throughout Europe--it would be superfluous to stage another ostentatious parade, a demonstration of the same nature; the more so because it is very doubtful whether we could stage an-other demonstration as magnificent and ostentatious as the last one.

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    (2.) That hard times and other causes will justify us if we desire to honor this memorable year less ostentatiously, providing that our object is not imposing demonstration, but practical usefulness.

    Yes, such should be the character of honoring this memorable year in America. This is our opinion. It should be honored by action rather than by demonstrations. The question arises again, What kind of action?

    Before answering this question, we will first present suggestions submitted by other Polish newspapers for honoring Kosciusko's centennial. Wiara i Ojczyzna--as suggested in articles written by Mr. J. Kromka [of Detroit], president of the Polish Roman Catholic Union, and B. Klarkowski, the Union's secretary--recommends harmony, co-operation, brotherly love. It also reminds us to make donations for Kosciusko's Monument, finally proposing a patriotic celebration in which all Poles should participate. Besides this, Wiara i Ojczyzna, in a series of articles, recommends a general Polish mass meeting in the year of 1894--an event 5about which there was so much publicity last year. Zgoda appeals to its readers in the same manner (with the exception of the "mass meeting," which is not mentioned). It proposes a magnificent demonstration and even suggests that the January celebration should be suspended in order to make this celebration more magnificent (and this is a practical suggestion). Kuryer Polski has no program.

    Finally, it appears that the most practical program is the one presented by Dr. K. Midowicz in his article in our New Year issue. He proposes a commemoration on March 24, 1894 of the oath of Kosciusko, which we should celebrate, and that simultaneously we should hold a Polish mass meeting at which we could discuss our problems. He also proposes the creation of a nucleus which would bind us together.

    In view of these propositions, what is the program of Dziennik Chicagoski?

    6

    Our program is similar to that of Dr. K. Midowicz, that is, less public demonstrations and more action--this is our policy. If it is possible to erect Kosciusko's Monument in Chicago this year, it would link action with public demonstration most properly. If this is impossible on account of financial or technical difficulties, if the erection of the monument must be delayed a few years, then let us honor Kosciusko's centennial by some other means--a Polish mass meeting preferably.

    Such a mass meeting, properly arranged and conducted, will in reality be an undertaking of real and great benefit to us Poles.

    We have so many important problems which should be taken under consideration! We have problems which concern not only the Poles in America but also our countrymen in Europe. We are greatly in need of some kind of representation. Acknowledgment by the public that certain good causes deserve general support and public control would be very beneficial. We could write continually 7about the great benefits of a Polish mass meeting, at which our representatives could discuss our common needs. The benefits are obvious, and therefore such a gathering not only would be most proper but would also serve as the best and most beneficial means for honoring Kosciusko's centennial.

    Such a mass meeting would not constitute a public celebration, yet it would provide a splendid opportunity for the commemoration of such a solemn event as Kosciusko's Oath, as suggested by Dr. K. Midowicz.

    The result of the proposed Polish mass meeting may be a great Polish organization of political character, embracing and controlling all Polish factions. We have heard and read about the plan for forming a Polish League. It is possible that the proposed League may become the nucleus so ardently desired by the public.

    8

    However, we may be confronted with the objection that there is no time for all these projects. Indeed, three and a half months is not sufficient. If it is so, then let us have the mass meeting later on.

    Finally--and this is improbable--if we could not, from lack of moral strength, perseverance and charity, get together for mutual consultation and creation of something great, let us do something smaller. But let us have action.

    Let us organize a Kosciusko's Educational Society on March 24 which would--like "Macierz" in Galicia and Silesia, and the Association of Peoples' Reading Rooms in the province of Posen--encourage reading of Polish literature throughout America, publish popular books and help Polish parochial schools. Such activity would be a part of the work of the Polish League; it would probably belong to one of its departments. If the League cannot be organized, let us have at least one of its most essential departments.

    9

    One way or another, our public should honor Kosciusko's centennial with some kind of accomplishment. Demonstrations, speeches, and parades will be forgotten, but an accomplishment will remain as testimony of benefits rendered by us and our descendants.

    To action! Let us honor Kosciusko's centennial. This is our appeal to every honest leader of our society.

    Kosciusko's centennial has begun. That it should be honored properly by American Poles is the opinion expressed by the Polish-American press. This matter was taken up by our journal and ...

    Polish
    III B 3 a, II C, III H, III A, III B 2, II B 2 d 1
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 05, 1894
    Dzien Swiety

    Dzien Swiety (Holy Day)--a Polish periodical[weekly] devoted to short stories and moral and religious subjects, edited in Chicago by Mr. W. Smulski--appeared under a new cover last week. It is enlarged and greatly improved. The current issue--the first number of its twelfth year of existence--is almost doubled[in size]. This increase in size lends it a better appearance.

    In this issue, the editor promises that he will improve Dzien Swiety by adding to it illustrations, poems, stories for children, etc. Indeed, he is already fulfilling his promise in the first issue of this year, which contains: "Poland Reborn," by Severine Duchinski (illustrated); "Spike of Bloody Grain," a poem; "New Year," and other interesting articles. A long serial story, entitled "The Orphans," has also begun.

    The policy of this periodical is well known. The editor stated that "Dzien

    2

    Swiety will bring into every Catholic home healthy spiritual food and educational recreation". The subscription to Dzien Swiety remains the same--one dollar a year, or fifty cents with a subscription to Gazeta Katolicka.

    Dzien Swiety (Holy Day)--a Polish periodical[weekly] devoted to short stories and moral and religious subjects, edited in Chicago by Mr. W. Smulski--appeared under a new cover last week. It is ...

    Polish
    II B 2 d 2, IV, III C
  • Abendpost -- January 06, 1894
    Dr. Adolph Brodbeck

    The Germans of Chicago are appreciating more and more the lectures of Dr. Adolph Brodbeck, who according to the opinion of the German scientist, Dr. Rochs has become a noteworthy authority in the realm of philosophy. Dr. Brodbeck spoke last Sunday on "Idealism of Religion" and will give a lecture coming Sunday night on "Mythological Elements of Our Modern Civilization" at Jung's Hall, 106 Randolph Street.

    The Germans of Chicago are appreciating more and more the lectures of Dr. Adolph Brodbeck, who according to the opinion of the German scientist, Dr. Rochs has become a noteworthy ...

    German
    IV, II A 1, II B 2 g
  • Lietuva -- January 06, 1894
    (No headline)

    Citizen Mikolainis made a motion to celebrate on the 4th day of March, as the day has historical value when the slavery serfdom was abolished in Lithuania. The motion was approved. It was also decided to get women speakers and young girls and boys to say declamations.

    The following representatives were at this meeting:

    K. Andruszis, president of St. Casimir Prince the Knight Society;

    S. Pacewiczia, president of The Province of God Society;

    A. Dzialtuwa, president of St. George Society;

    W.Wabalinskas, president of The Duke Gedeminas Society;

    Fr.Mikolainis, president of Simones Daukantas Society;

    A. Naweckas, president of St. John Society

    J.Szimkewiczia, president of The Lithuanian Political Club

    J. Kalesinskas, president of The Lithuanian Alliance Chapter.

    Citizen Mikolainis made a motion to celebrate on the 4th day of March, as the day has historical value when the slavery serfdom was abolished in Lithuania. The motion was ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 1 d, II B 2 d 3, II B 2 c, II B 1 e
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- January 06, 1894
    Polish Activities

    The Polish library at Saint Stanislaus Kostka's Parish has received a fresh shipment of books from Europe. The shipment contains one hundred volumes.

    The Polish library at Saint Stanislaus Kostka's Parish has received a fresh shipment of books from Europe. The shipment contains one hundred volumes.

    Polish
    II B 2 a, III C