The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Svornost -- January 23, 1883
    The Speaker of - Svobodne Obce - (Independent Society) Is Authorized to Perform the Marriage Ceremony.

    The county circuit clerk in Chicago, Mr. Ryan, was persuaded by somebody that it would not be conforming with the law, if the speaker of "Svobodne Obce" a Bohemian independent society, incorporated as "Congregation of Bohemian Free-thinkers" can possess the right to perform the marriage ceremony like other ministers of the Gospel, who have the right to do it according to state laws.

    Mr. Ryan invited the speaker, Mr. Frank B. Zdrubek, last Saturday and expressed to him his doubts, requesting him at the same time, to visit the district attorney, Mr. Blisse and find out from him what the law says about it, to be sure of the legality of the situation.

    Conforming with Mr. Ryan's request, the speaker Mr. Zdrubka, explained the whole matter to the district attorney, who found the proper law and the decisions of the supreme court in similar questions, and sent his opinion in writing to the circuit clerk.

    2

    It stated that as long as the speaker of the "Svobodne Obce" acts lawfully, he is considered by the law as a "minister" like every preacher, Jewish, Mormon or Christian, and has the legal right to perform this ceremony. The speaker of the "Svobodne Obce" started to perform the marriage ceremonies in April, 1878, after consulting a prominent lawyer, Mr. H. Rubens, and the district attorney praised Mr. Rubens, stating that he was right in reference to this question and his advice was legal.

    The county circuit clerk in Chicago, Mr. Ryan, was persuaded by somebody that it would not be conforming with the law, if the speaker of "Svobodne Obce" a Bohemian independent ...

    Bohemian
    I B 4, I C, IV
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- January 26, 1883
    The Socialists of the Northwest Side.

    The Socialists of the Northwest Side held their regular meeting last night at Nutzhorn's Hall at which Comrade Kobitzsch presided. "Agitation in general" was the subject of discussion. Comrade Spies proposed to ask the Central Committee to grant a certain sum of money for the purchase of agitation matter, having in mind especially Mr. George's "Progress and Poverty" which should be obtained in English for the distribution among the English workers. This was accepted. Mr. Spies proposed further, that in future the opening of every meeting should be characterized by a Socialistic declamation. He proposed next, to send an agitator on a trip through Illinois and the neighboring States, which to decide upon is the task of the Central Committee. He declared, more agitation within the Illinois and Workers Societies is also necessary in the future.

    The Socialists of the Northwest Side held their regular meeting last night at Nutzhorn's Hall at which Comrade Kobitzsch presided. "Agitation in general" was the subject of discussion. Comrade Spies ...

    German
    I E, II B 2 d 3, II B 2 g, IV
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- January 30, 1883
    The Central Committee's Session.

    The Central Committee's Session at which comrade Bluhm presided was held last night. Representatives of different clubs gave their reports. Comrade Schwab called to attention the proposed selling of pamphlets and Comrade Spies asked for a loan of $20.00 for the purchase of literature in question. Mr. Schwab was entrusted with the management of this. The centralization for the sale of such was recommended. The South side club asked the management of the Socialist Publishing Society, to employ as newsboys only those who are members of one of the clubs.

    The newly established Bohemian Club sent two representatives, to ask the Central Committee to send a delegation to view their new club.

    A committee of Messrs. Spies, Livoni and Schwab was appointed to visit and report on the new club. Comrade Winnen proposed to abolish the paying of taxes by clubs separately. This will be discussed at the next meeting. Concerning the question of agitation literature several proposals were made and accepted. It was decided, to have the Communist manifesto and LaSalle's "Right and Power" and "About the Constitution" appear in English. The question what the connection of the "Lehr and Wehr Verein" to the Socialist party is, shall be discussed by each club.

    The Central Committee's Session at which comrade Bluhm presided was held last night. Representatives of different clubs gave their reports. Comrade Schwab called to attention the proposed selling of pamphlets ...

    German
    I E, II B 2 d 2, II B 2 g, I C, IV
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- January 31, 1883
    The Northside Socialists.

    This weekly club meeting was well attended, with comrade Mitlacher, President. Comrade Rau surveyed the major happenings of last week. Comrade Schwab stepped then on the platform to speak as he promised on "Free Love" but concluded with the introduction to the theme. Comrade Grottkau deemed it necessary to speak his opinion on this theme. Complying with the wish of the audience at this meeting, this subject will be continued on February 5th.

    Comrade Schwab gave then the report of the Central Committee. Everything that this committee proposed and decided on was accepted without any debate. The Central Committee also gave orders to each club, to report to the committee as to the relationship of the armed organizations and the Central Committee. A lengthy debate ensued in which comrades Grottkau, Polling, Schwab and Kobitzsch participated. The following resolutions were adopted; It is not only just but necessary, that armed organizations are represented at the Central Committee. Comrade Mitlacher was requested to give next week's report, also.

    This weekly club meeting was well attended, with comrade Mitlacher, President. Comrade Rau surveyed the major happenings of last week. Comrade Schwab stepped then on the platform to speak as ...

    German
    I E, IV, II B 2 g, I B 3 a
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 13, 1883
    The Northside Socialists.

    The weekly meeting of the northside Socialists yesterday was well attended at which comrade Lange presided. Comrade Brassholz gave the weekly report with an ensuing debate. This was followed by comrade Schwab's announced speech on the theme "Free Love". He gave a picture of the marriages of today which are the result of industrial conditions. He said this was the cause for murders committed on unborn children as well as on the ones, having been brought into the world. Modern marriages are based on nothing but misery. Under our present system the wife is subordinate to her husband but under the Socialist system she would be his equal. The material interest which plays the principal part in marriages of today would be disregarded. Marriage would not mean slavery to women any more.

    People would live in palaces, comparatively equipped with all the latest comforts and, machines to do the heavy work. Children would be reared in educational institutions. Only then, marriage could be noble and only then affection could be considered. Such unions would eventually prove to be of longer duration than modern marriages are. But in a case of incompatibility, the union could be dissolved.

    The weekly meeting of the northside Socialists yesterday was well attended at which comrade Lange presided. Comrade Brassholz gave the weekly report with an ensuing debate. This was followed by ...

    German
    I E, II B 2 g, I B 3 a, I B 3 b, I B 3 c
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 17, 1883
    The Socialists of the Southwest Side

    Their weekly meeting was held last night. The lectures of the day included: Nihilism, Socialism and Anarchism. Comrade Winnen held a lengthy speech on this theme, explaining that Nihilism is the consequence of Russian conditions. Of course the time has not come to adopt Russian agitation methods in America.

    The aims of the Russian Socialists are identical with those of other nations. Anarchism aims for the abolition of laws and absolute freedom for every individual; this is of course an impossibility. He spoke of the Anarchist manifesto, read at the Lyons trial, but very difficult for the average worker to understand. Socialism aims for orderly conditions and unity of the people. A debate followed the speech, in which opinions differed.

    Their weekly meeting was held last night. The lectures of the day included: Nihilism, Socialism and Anarchism. Comrade Winnen held a lengthy speech on this theme, explaining that Nihilism is ...

    German
    I E, II B 2 g
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 19, 1883
    Mass Meeting at Westphal's Hall.

    The Socialist movement is on the ascendant. Large crowds attending meetings, etc, are an indication that they want to put a stop for the almost unbearable conditions. Comrade Winnen was appointed Chairman at this meeting and comrades Scholz, Schwab and Migalanda, Secretaries. First speaker was comrade Spies addressing the audience in English.

    He said:- "The fundamental idea on which Society was built was to protect every member belonging to this Society, and thereby promoting the general welfare. In the course of years, this has changed. The primitive beginning of civilization changed to a system which deprives the masses of their rights while a comperative few took possession of land and of means needed for production. The worker is the prey of the exploiter with no consideration shown him. He gave a short sketch of the dreadful disaster in Braidwood denouncing the company for lack of responsibility and neglect

    "Wealth was produced by the masses, therefore it is theirs, and they ought to have a right to it. In Chicago alone there are 10,000 to 15,000 person unemployed; the Press giving the excuse that there is no demand for production,- which is a natural cause for unemployment. "

    2

    the tools of production who live from the earnings of other people.

    It can not be expected that these conditions will change, unless the exploited and deprived worker himself puts a stop to it.

    A relief from unemployment can be obtained only by introducing a shorter working day, abolishing child labor and by the exclusion of women workers to a large extent. The radical cure for unemployment is the removal of the system of exploitation and to see to it that the parasites work, unless they prefer to starve to death. It is necessary for every worker to join an organization, which spells power.

    I. Resolutions:-Considering that class opposition is becoming more intense in America and the so-called freedom of the workers becomes more of an illusion as time goes on and,-

    II. Considering that the ruling capitalist class deals death through starvation, when unjustly discharging the worker and committing other crimes, when they neglect to afford the worker the simplest precautions to protect his life and,-

    III. Considering that labor has nothing to look forward to but oppression, while those oppressors are quite concerned about their mules, as the dreadful catastrophe at Braidwood proved again, it has been decided to urge 3labor to organize and overthrow the capitalist system installing a new and just one which would give the worker his well earned compensation.

    The Socialist movement is on the ascendant. Large crowds attending meetings, etc, are an indication that they want to put a stop for the almost unbearable conditions. Comrade Winnen was ...

    German
    I E, IV, II B 2 g, I F 3
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 26, 1883
    The Meeting

    The meeting of Chicago's Socialist groups was held yesterday with Comrade Bluhm as Chairman. Comrade Schwab gave a report as to the activities of the Central Committee and the growth of the organization since its establishment. The second point of the order of the day!

    "Change of rules" caused some animated discussion. The proposal of Comrade Lange, to abolish contributions from different clubs to the Central Committee was not accepted. Comrade Grottkau's amendment that the clubs turn over to the Central Committee any surplus money left, after covering of expenses, failed to meet with approval. The participants in this debate were Comrades Winnen, Grottkau, Rau, Schwab, Livoni, Neff and others. Comrade Grottkau's proposal to retain the present manner of representation, which proved practical was accepted, as for the third point of the order of the day"The Spring election" was decided, to ask the Central Committee to publish a message to the effect that Chicago's Socialists consider it a disadvantage to take part in the elections.

    2

    Comrade Schwab gave a report on the sale of pamphlets. It was decided to sell this literature at every club meeting in the future as the demand for it is growing. Comrade Grottkau's proposal to print agitation literature in English for distribution all through the country was accepted.

    The meeting of Chicago's Socialist groups was held yesterday with Comrade Bluhm as Chairman. Comrade Schwab gave a report as to the activities of the Central Committee and the growth ...

    German
    I E, II B 2 g, I F 2, I F 3, IV
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- February 26, 1883
    Public and Denominational Schools.

    It is regrettable that the many denominational schools of Chicago have such a large attendance of pupils, which is the consequence of a poor Public school system. The blame for this falls on the corrupt citizens themselves who are indifferent to public welfare.

    The wealthy class, sends their children to public schools and for their high school education they send them to institutions, maintained by public funds. Those public schools are built for this purpose only although we won't go so far as to say that they afford all the latest comforts of modern buildings, but it is certain that they are superior in every respect to the denominational schools which spring up almost over night. In poorer neighborhoods, generally populated by large families, schools are very scarce. It is also a fact that our city executives are not willing to grant money for the use in poorer districts. The same question is handled differently when it concerns the wealthy class. All this is the underlying cause for so many denominational schools. Public corruption is a welcome thing to the clerics of different religious denominations. They erect schools and teach youth intolerance toward other religions. The responsibility for all this lies with our city 2executives. If there would not be so much corruption, taxes would be paid according to the wealth of the individual and, the city would dispose over sufficient funds to build institutions which are so much needed. Corruption suffers, that 20 to 25,000 Chicago's children are in daily danger of losing their lives in schools, which are nothing but fire traps and public conscience has still not been aroused!

    So many lives are in danger because of the corruption of the city administration, the wealthy class of citizens and the clergy.

    The yesterday's Fackel named the Catholic schools which are fire traps. The parents have warning to act and to avoid a disaster such as that of New York.

    It is regrettable that the many denominational schools of Chicago have such a large attendance of pupils, which is the consequence of a poor Public school system. The blame for ...

    German
    I A 1 a, I A 2 a, I F 6
  • [Association documents] -- February 27, 1883
    Sinai Congregation, Executive Board Minutes

    The president (G. Snydacker) reported that this year's contributions for the U. H. R. A. so far collected from the members and seat holders of our congregation amounted to $5,231.50.

    The president (G. Snydacker) reported that this year's contributions for the U. H. R. A. so far collected from the members and seat holders of our congregation amounted to $5,231.50.

    Jewish
    II D 1