The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    (By Vladimir Siemenovich) Ukrainian Day

    Another important event in the Chicago Ukrainian life was the "Ukrainian Day." At first there was a misunderstanding in this community; a few even held very boisterous meetings among the members of the "Ukrainian Federation," i. e. among the sympathizers of the "Ukrainian Council." We must admit however, that the Ukrainian intelligentsia of Chicago was seeking an agreement with both these parties while, on the contrary, the general public at first could not find its bearings as to the procedure in the matter. Yet in the end, mainly under the influence of Father Nicholas Strutynsky and a few other intelligent people, there followed agreement, in a way that the "Ukrainian Council" gave to the members of the "Federation" their tags and in return they were given the collection boxes,--and finally they all agreed to work together for the good of their people.

    The District Committee of the "Federation" undertook to see to it that everything is done to put over the "Ukrainian Day" successfully. Madam Strutynsky, Messrs. Kowalsky, Strusevich and Osadovsky, personally worked hard in the organization preparing everything needed for the "Ukrainian Day."

    They applied for help from the Lithuanians, Poles, and even went from house to house collecting from their own as well as from others.

    2

    We must sincerely thank our girls and women that worked ardently on this day, collecting money from the passing people in the streets.

    The committee recommended that Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich and Mr. Strusevich take care of the exterior arrangement of the "Ukrainian Day."

    They arranged for the announcement of the "Ukrainian Day" in American newspapers as much as possible. Thus, all the Chicago papers carried more or less spacious articles. The Chicago Herald even carried an extensive article, stating the present situation and the desire of the Ukrainians for their freedom and independence; so did the Chicago American. Once more did the poetess and writer, Madam Laflin, publish a sketch from the life of a poor Ukrainian family in a very sympathetic spirit.

    Mr. M. Sichynsky and Dr. Siemenovich undertook to request the aldermen, to permit the collecting of money in the streets of Chicago. So a full success was obtained.

    Notwithstanding the fact that Father Nicholas Strutynsky was opposing the independent Church for a long time past, yet during this day he allowed both 3the parishes to hold a meeting of all the Ukrainians in the hall of his Church. This we should be thankful for to him since from that time on both the parties started a mutual understanding.

    The income from the "Ukrainian Day" up till now was $8,353.68, from the "Federations" alone; as to the amount collected by the "Ukrainian Council," I could not find out, but I think that it did not exceed a few hundred dollars; --this however, is quite satisfactory.

    The Chicago American Committee gathered more than $1,300.00 which was added to the whole amount. In this a $1,000.00 check came from a Chicago millionaire, Paten. The Pullman Company sent a separate $50.00 check straight to the Ukrainian "Federation" in New York.

    From the above mentioned amount, we have yet to pay the expenses, but for these expenses a separate collection is being held.

    We must state that the Poles as well as the Lithuanians, backed us considerably, for they sent their girls for the collections;--and the Lithuanians even established a separate committee for themselves and collected nearly $600.00 for the Ukrainians. The exact amount of the offerings and collections 4will be announced in the following issue of the Ukraina. The "Ukrainian Day" brought a great moral profit to the Ukrainians as a whole, besides the material aid.

    Another important event in the Chicago Ukrainian life was the "Ukrainian Day." At first there was a misunderstanding in this community; a few even held very boisterous meetings among the ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, I C, I G, II B 1 c 3
  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    To Our Readers

    In turning out this first issue of the Ukraina to the Ukrainian people, we put on our program first, the satisfying of the reading public as much as our strength permits; not contradicting the wishes of our people; not dictating to them our own ideas as if these ideas were the "Holy Faith", without asking their approval in the matter; not imposing ourselves upon any party or any religion. We do not pretend to be the "Ukrainian Moses" to lead you. We intend, not to be your director, but to be with you in work, in rebirth, in morality, in progress, in struggles and in gain.

    Looking over the list of the existing newspapers up to date, we find that they all represent some party or sect, and that they all have monopolized already certain branches of the national life, with their program and aspiration for their ideals; that they have crystalized themselves in the motives of the group work. Thus, to our newspaper, there was nothing left except to work in the field which the progressives, parties, and sectarians had left untilled in the struggle for our ideals. This nationalism, although it comes into the program of them all, yet 2when abused or overdone by them the exploitations year after year, cause the real workers to take care of the same.

    This neglected soil is really our Ukrainian nationalism. This truly is our aim and purpose, the ideal of our newspaper. Our work then, is to improve this neglected soil. That is why we turn to all that love to labor in the national field for the amelioration of conditions. We call on all the Ukrainian patriots to come to us with their spiritual and material means. Primarily, we call on all the people to whom we guarantee clean and healthy nationalistic endeavors, without party or religious "isms", quarrels or family fights. We call our poets and young writers who squander their strength and ability in class and religious conflicts, neglecting their God-given creative talent. We call on our artists, painters, and inventors to try their strength on the pages of the Ukraina before they awaken the whole world with their genius. Let them contribute either by pen or by pictures to the beauty of the Ukrainian rebirth.

    We also ask all the other Ukrainian newspapers to meet in friendly spirit as fair-minded people do, because we do not enter into any competition with them nor do we think of spoiling anybody's business.

    3

    We are not going to attack any party, sect, or individual. Our newspaper is not that of any privileged Ukrainian class in America.

    We are publishing the Ukraina for the Ukrainians, in order to uplift to the heights Ukrainian nationalism and all that is closely connected with it. Our greatest ambition in editing our Ukraina is to acquaint the strong countries such as England, America and France, with Ukrainian questions in order to get their support for these problems in their newspapers and offices. Furthermore, to obtain from the Ukrainians the moral and material help, and in a short time to make Ukraina a daily newspaper.

    In turning out this first issue of the Ukraina to the Ukrainian people, we put on our program first, the satisfying of the reading public as much as our strength ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 2 d 1, III H
  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    (By Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich) New Ukrainian Newspaper

    The most important event in the life of the Chicago Ukrainian community is the appearance of the Ukrainian newspaper Ukraina. For a long time there has been felt very keenly the lack of such a Ukrainian medium. Many an effort has been made in this direction; yet they all came to naught, not so much because of lack of the material aid, but rather because of the want of people who could sacrifice their time and labor toward the publication.

    It was just with the arrival of Mr. G. T. Popel in Chicago that the matter of the newspaper has been definitely settled. With the moral and material support of the Chicago community, a weekly paper in Chicago began its existence. As its title shows, it is supposed to be a medium altogether independent from all parties--a national-patriotic progressive newspaper, the kind that for a long time was lacking, not only in the West but also in all America as well.

    One should expect that Ukraina will always remain faithful to its slogan as 2evinced by the title it carries at the very heading of the same.

    The most important event in the life of the Chicago Ukrainian community is the appearance of the Ukrainian newspaper Ukraina. For a long time there has been felt very keenly ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 2 d 1
  • Ukraina -- May 19, 1917
    (By Vladimir Siemenovich) Ukrainians Take Part in Reception for Joffre and Viviani

    Another important event for us Chicagoans was the invitation of Ukrainians to the committee which was to take care of the reception for the French General Joffre and the Minister Viviani, in which we were represented by Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich, with the aid of the following delegates: Father Nicholas Strutynsky, Dr. Bilyk and Father G. Popel. The Ukrainian girls and women clad in national costume, greeted the French dignitaries with American and Ukrainian flags.

    Another important event for us Chicagoans was the invitation of Ukrainians to the committee which was to take care of the reception for the French General Joffre and the Minister ...

    Ukrainian
    I G

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  • Russkaya Pochta -- June 16, 1917
    The Resolution of the Russian-Ukrainian Mass-Meeting

    On June 3, 1917 a mass-meeting of the Russian-Ukrainians in Chicago took place and the following resolution was made: Taking into consideration the successfully achieved Russian revolution, we Russian and Ukrainian peasants and workers unanimously resolve: 1) The expression of great thanks to all fighters of Russian liberty and the wish of a successful restoration of peace and order in a free country. 2) The expression of full confidence in the provisionary government, insisting on a victorious outcome of the war in order once and for all, to put an end to militarism. 3) To give to all nationalities inhabiting Russia freedom on the basis of autonomy. 4) The confiscation in favor of the people of all the natural riches and a just distribution of such. 5) The return to the parishioners of all Russian church property appropriated by the bishops. 6) The dismissal of all former tsarist officials, consuls and representatives in America and their replacement by representatives of free Russia. 7) The taking of measures against the Russian clergy, which agitates 2against the new people's government and for the restoration of monarchy in Russia. 8) The confiscation in favor of the people all the property received, as a reward for service to the former tsars. 9) Russia should be a democratic republic. 10) The full prohibition of the sale of liquors. 11) The introduction of obligatory general peoples education. 12) The expression of deep thanks to the American Republic, who has taken under its protection all Russians, who suffered from the former tsaristic regime. The present resolution was worked out after a grand manifestation in honor of liberty and unanimously accepted by the Russian-Ukrainian mass-meeting, and it was resolved to send it immediately to the Russian State Duma. Note: This resolution is an expression of the public opinion of the progressive part of the Russian colony in Chicago, which was hostile to the tsaristic regime. In general one could safely say that almost the whole Russian colony at that time was supporting the provisional government of Kerensky, with the exception of a small number of persons, who belonged to different political movements more to the left, than the government of Kerensky. This resolution reflects the frame of mind of the great majority of Russians in Chicago. N. K.)

    On June 3, 1917 a mass-meeting of the Russian-Ukrainians in Chicago took place and the following resolution was made: Taking into consideration the successfully achieved Russian revolution, we Russian and ...

    Ukrainian
    I E, I G, III H, I B 1, I A 1 a
  • Ukraina -- August 09, 1917
    Let Us Unite!

    Every Chicago lover of song and music, has noticed that recently in Chicago the Ukrainian choruses have been neglected, whereas formerly they enjoyed great popularity, both among our own and other people.

    Just who is to be blamed for this neglect of the Chicago choruses is hard to say, whether it is the directors or the singers.

    There can be various reasons for these misunderstandings, but we must bear in mind that our native songs stand higher than our personal feelings. Everyone knows, what great value music has. It gives to the soul the highest joy. It fills the heart with gladness and content. It makes the people forget their misfortunes and raises them on unseen wings to heights of joy, into invisible yet beautiful regions. Even when it moves us to tears it only cleanses, dignifies and uplifts our souls. No pleasure, no play can compare with music. It makes people finer and more delicate. Music creates peace among men, by inducing them all to the one and same high end.

    Under the influence of music all work becomes lighter and more interesting. People captivated by music become bolder, braver and daring of spirit.

    2

    But there is something still more important than the music alone and that is song. For in the song, with the aid of words, voice, feeling and music there is brought out everything that is within the soul, gladness and sadness. Through the voice every word of the singer flows into the soul of the listener and makes him think, disposes him to melancholy or mirth, as the singer desires.

    In song, just as in a mirror, is found the reflection of all the human life with its misfortunes, joys, sufferings and rejoicings.

    Music and song make people more considerate of the distress of their fellowmen. Should we Ukrainians, the endowed singing nation, abandon these treasures, that other people acquire with much difficulty?

    Are we really unfit and incompetent for group work, to raise the polyphonic art of singing to its really high standard always held by our nation? Do not remain deaf to this invitation, the voice in the wilderness, but let us join the ranks of the participants, and work with the community, thus raising our song to the highest standard of art, for the glory of our native country and for the satisfaction of ourselves, the Chicago Ukrainians.

    Every Chicago lover of song and music, has noticed that recently in Chicago the Ukrainian choruses have been neglected, whereas formerly they enjoyed great popularity, both among our own and ...

    Ukrainian
    II B 1 a
  • Ukraina -- May 16, 1918
    The Political Aspect of the Ukrainians in America

    The misunderstanding between the benefit associations and the political organizations has no perceptible effect upon the attitude of the Ukrainian immigrants. Why? Because the national spirit is too powerful to be touched by these disagreements. It is noteworthy that the great body of Ukrainians is really in accord with the political organizations, as well as, with the benefit associations. This is true because of the strong bond of national unity. Little misunderstandings, unnoticeable friction, in the realm of politics is not only not harmful, but is on the contrary, unavoidable, very beneficial, and necessary to the life of the organizations. The one main ideal is never lost sight of, viz: Freedom for their own nation. These misunderstandings are due to the fact that some do not have sufficient knowledge and understanding of national questions. The shortcoming of this paper Workman could suitably be its chaos.

    In our opinion this newspaper has neither moral nor social influence upon 2national affairs. The Canadian Ranok is a Presbyterian newspaper. We must admit that in the United States of America we have the Ukrainian-American Workman, a social-religious newspaper, whose "knowledge" and revealed truth are supposed to be grounded on revelation, miracles, and, as the National Freedom sarcastically states, on fortune telling.

    The political policy of all our benevolent society organs, is one: against Germany, against Austria, and sympathy with the Allies and the Ukrainian nation. We do not intend to repeat the strong arguments of our worthy newspapers which have so thoroughly discussed this question. We believe there is not a single Ukrainian in the United States or Canada who would have a different attitude; that is, who would not take sides with the Allies, and the Ukrainians, against Germany and Austria.

    It is a fact that there was no special agitation among the Ukrainians for any one political set-up. Again, the orientations as before so now, is not 3an artificial outcome of a certain political or benefit association. Slight differences in our orientation have occurred as if by means of some unseen force during the last four years. These truths can not be denied by anyone. These are facts and need no further proofs. Yet it would be interesting to explain them.

    First: Why are benefit associations which are somewhat hostile as far as business is concerned, yet, are all bound in a wise, one-front, all-national understanding?

    Secondly: Why do our political national organizations, such as the Federation of the Ukrainians in the United States, and The Ukrainian Council, in Philadelphia, which are mutually great enemies, so opposed to each other just like fire and water, why do they have, we ask, this one and the same beautiful aim, the establishment of national unity among Ukrainians? From our investigation we cast out the socialistic federation party in the United 4States and which we do not acknowledge as an organization at all, and which is, according to our views, a foolishly childish burlesque of socialism.

    The answer to the first as well as to the second question is one. It is the national spirit which, by the law of nature, must evolve. Once its evolution is begun no counter force, no enemy can suppress it.

    Nations are made up of individuals, and they have the same right to freedom as each individual has; therefore, a nation must have a full right to independent freedom and must not be impeded in its evolution.

    But can our nation live in freedom under the control of German iron-clad militarism, when in our own home not we, but a foreign element, shall be the boss? The answer is self-evident. This was the cause to wake up our energetic nation politically with the slogan: "Away with the militarism of the Central Powers ! Away with the control of our nation ! Let freedom of the free nations live!"

    5

    The spirit of this slogan swayed all our newspapers abroad. This attitude of the Ukrainians in the United States is not the result of any agitation, but is just merely the natural outcome of a healthy national spirit.

    The Ukrainian colony in the city of Chicago displayed its energetic national spirit in the preparation of the Ukrainian manifestation, held on May 11, 1918. In the executive committee all the Ukrainian local societies were represented, with the exception of the small group of the socialist party.

    The manifestation of thousands of Ukrainians proved to be a grand success.

    The misunderstanding between the benefit associations and the political organizations has no perceptible effect upon the attitude of the Ukrainian immigrants. Why? Because the national spirit is too powerful to ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, I E, III B 2, III H
  • Ukraina -- June 06, 1918
    Impressions from the Ukrainian Manifestation in Chicago

    Preparation. Meeting place. Order. Parade, Public Meeting place. American Press.

    After a long and exciting discussion, finally a day was appointed for the Ukrainian manifestation. Two long, depressing, unbearable days, preceded the 30th day of May. On the outside was a continuous heavy rain. The horizon was covered with leaden clouds. A heavy oppressive fog began to spread from the lake on all sides. If only for a moment the blue sky would brighten, but no, everything remained as if it were concreted.

    Nature appeared obstinate and as if bent on aggravating the hope for a successful Ukrainian manifestation. Everyone was prepared for a bitter disappointment.

    The 30th of May also came cloudy, all swaddled with clouds. About ten o'clock that morning, the clouds became thin and the fog began to 2disappear. The sun began to shine in the sky.

    From all sides of the city and suburbs the societies accompanied by music, American and Ukrainian banners, began to move into the appointed places.

    Even though there were two meeting places, both were intended for the same cause.

    At one o'clock the signal was given at Oakley Boulevard to march on. The national march was played and all the lodges moved by fours along Chicago Avenue.

    At Hoyne Avenue the independent societies, already waiting in disciplined order, began to fall into one strong, unbroken phalanx. They began to flow into one big family just as the waters of the Dnieper-Slavuta flow 3quietly into the great depths of the Ukrainian Black Sea. A yielding peace and dignity began to show themselves on the cheeks of the people marching and in the eyes of the multitudes an unextinguished fire appeared in a stubborn determination, as if they were answering to their brothers, over the sea, asking for help in the midst of the fire and blood.

    The parade alone was a huge one. One had to wait for half an hour until the thirty societies that numbered nearly five thousand people passed.

    In the front rode men on two horses, and after them followed men bearing thirty or more flags, the flags being mostly American. Only four Ukrainian azure and gold flags were in the parade, belonging to a society which had the true national tendency. We felt the lack of our national colors.

    After the flags, our women followed proudly in Ukrainian costumes. This 4is our glory, our hope, boosting our national costumes everywhere.

    After the women came a decorated wagon, carrying a troop of girls in Red Cross uniforms, and among them the "Svoboda," (Liberty) and "Ukrainia" with chains on their hands, an allegoric picture of our fatherland that in a hard and bloody way gained its liberty and lost it abruptly.

    After this wagon there came in different formations, lodges of male societies, clubs and the sitch. After them came five allegorical emblems representing the United States, France, England, Italy and Belgium. These assured the world that the only rescue for Ukrainia is in being united with the Allies.

    After them followed long ranks of our men, both old and young, preceded by orchestras that played the national marches and hymns almost without stopping. Every society carried a banner with an inscription invoking 5the Allies and Germans to "Let live the true democracy!" Let live the liberty!" "Down with the Kaiser and his regime!" and many such others.

    The thorough, dignified, saintly feeling, the sound of the national melodies and hymns; the display of American and Ukrainian colors under the blissful sun, all this added power and charm to the national manifestation.

    Thousands of people looked on from the buildings, through windows and from balconies.

    The parade came to Pulaski Park. The big hall was filled with three thousand people. Half remained in the park courtyard.

    Public Meeting. In the hall everyone was very calm. The band played the American national anthem. Dr. Vladimir Siemenovich greets the assembled with the words, "Glory! Glory! Glory!" He speaks with youthful 6zest about the significance of this moment and protests against the breach of Germany's agreement with Ukrainia at Brest-Litovsk. In sharp words he begs the gathering to protest against the violence of Germany toward Ukrainia.

    The second speaker on the platform was Father Nicholas Hutynsky. He spoke with great enthusiasm, pointing to the gains of the French and American revolution, pointing out that our future lies in the lot of truly democratic states of the world and in the loyalty of the Ukrainians to the United States.

    The third speaker was Dr. Stephen Hryniewiecky, whom the public greeted with great applause.

    He spoke in a dignified manner and with well chosen words, joining his address in thought to those of the previous speakers, assuring us that 7notwithstanding all the adverse powers, our nation remains still in its harmonious strength, in its national consciousness and solidarity.

    Every speech was alternated with singing by the choruses of M. Sysenko, Boyan and Bandurysk. They impressed the listeners with beautiful native and foreign songs. All the choruses sang wonderfully, feeling the importance of the time and place. Above all the Boyan chorus was at its zenith under the capable direction of Madam Hryniewiecky, with its strength, fairness and symphony.

    Then followed speakers from other Slavic nationalities according to the program. Mr. I. Smolinsky greeted the Ukrainian assembly from the Poles. He wished freedom to the Ukrainians, Poles and all the Slavic peoples.

    The greatest enthusiasm was shown when the American congressman, Mr. McCormick, appeared. With a strong voice he won the souls of the listeners very effectively. He spoke on the meaning of today's war, 8pointing out the facts about the Allies, saying that in the United States is found the only bulwark of real democracy, and the mainstay of the Allies' strength. This in the end will put down the brutal German militarism. He bade the Ukrainians join the Allies.

    After him followed Mr. Stepina, who spoke for the Czechs, pointing out that Austria and Germany are the greatest enemies of all the Slavs.

    Dr. A. Biankini, for the Croatians, wished for the Ukrainians their freedom, stating that the future hope of the Slavs lies in the federation of all the Slavs.

    Mr. J. Palandech spoke for the Serbs. He said that the Serbs and the Montenegrins sacrificed their lives in the World War for their liberty and that of all the Slavs.

    Mr. I. Zuzek spoke for the Slovenes and assured the Ukrainians of the 9sympathy and the attachment of the Slovenian people to the Ukrainians.

    Father H. Pakalnis, on the part of the Lithuanians, shortly related the history of the union of Ukrainia with Lithuania, and talked on the Polish nobility as the mutual enemy of both Lithuania and Ukrainia.

    Among other Ukrainian speakers that deserve credit are Mr. P. Ikach, who spoke for the Ukrainian Federation of the Socialist Party in America. He protested against Germany's abolishing the Ukrainian Central Rada (council) and against the self-styled hetman Skoropadsky.

    Then followed Father H.Homitsky who fervently pointed out the progress of the struggle for the national liberty of the Ukrainians in Austria 10and begged them to join all the other Slavic nations against Germany and Austria.

    Every speaker was greeted with great applause, and everyone went home filled with enthusiasm.

    After the meeting followed a reception in the Hotel La Salle, in which practically all the speakers took part.

    On the following morning news of the Ukrainian manifestation appeared in almost all the local American newspapers.

    The fullest account appeared in the Daily News, the Tribune, and the Morning Herald.

    Yet these news articles were all very short in spite of the fact that there were two American correspondents at the gathering who were given 11ample and exhaustive information. The article printed in the above mentioned newspapers were beneficial mostly to the Slavonic League, whose existence we do not even know, let alone how this league favors the Ukrainian cause. In them, likewise, were registered personal ambitions of some of our leaders, who are infected with the mania for greatness, and who want to obtain the biggest credit and glory for themselves. They would surely take all the credit to themselves if they could, for planning this manifestation, especially those that probably did not use any effort at all. It would be well if the leaders who are better informed about this Slavonic League would convey to us what positions they hold in the above mentioned League.

    In the end we can proudly state that the Ukrainian colony in Chicago acquired great moral benefit from this manifestation.

    The people saw for themselves how strength is created when they unite 12solidly in the national cause.

    We expected, however, that the arrangers of the manifestation would know how to interest American political circles in the Ukrainian cause on a broader scale. In this direction the manifestation brought little or absolutely no gain! For this great failure on the part of those who arranged the Ukrainian manifestation there awaits a reckoning before our people, who underwent so much trouble and who made such heavy expenditures.

    Preparation. Meeting place. Order. Parade, Public Meeting place. American Press. After a long and exciting discussion, finally a day was appointed for the Ukrainian manifestation. Two long, depressing, unbearable days, ...

    Ukrainian
    I G, IV, I C, III H, III B 2
  • Sichovi Visty -- July 13, 1918
    Short Review of the Sitch Organization in the United States

    [This applies to Chicago, the Sitch Center since 1920]

    Thanks to the Interim Sitch Committee, the first Sitch convention was called on November 11, 1916, in New York City, and from almost everywhere in the United States, delegates from Ukrainian organizations and associations rallied to establish the Ukrainian Sitch Organization in the United States.

    According to Sitch custom, the convention at that time elected the following Sitch officers: Head Commander, M. Rybak, Philadelphia, Pa.; Circuit Commander, V. Serbey, Allentown, Pa.; Assistant Circuit Commander, P. Zadoretsky, New York City; Secretaries, L. Stachursky, Jersey City, N. J.; V. Koval, Philadelphia, Pa.

    These officers were entrusted with leading the Sitch organization, and they publicly declared upon their honor that they would rather die than stray from or become lax in, the duties placed upon them. From the zeal and 2sincere determination of that sparkling youth, one could easily conclude that there was no power in the world which could stop them from their work in the Sitch field.

    With gladness and satisfaction, the delegates parted with full persuasion and firm faith that in the near future the Sitch bugle would blow, the strawberry-colored banner would be hoisted, hatchet and canes would flash, and simultaneously with this, our youth would wake up from their slumber to a better life, which will start its ant-like work in the Sitch field all over America.

    It has been almost two years since the Sitch organization was established. Just a few swore to be faithful to the Sitch cause. Yet, outside all the impediments on the part of our own and foreigners (for it is a known fact that Sitch organization does not appeal to everybody), the Sitch movement in America did not perish, but on the contrary, recently proved to be greater than ever.

    Up to the present time, the following independent Sitch athletic branches 3joined the main Sitch organization:

    No. 1. Sitch of B. Chmelnylsky, New York, N. Y.

    No. 2. Sitch of P. Doroshenko, Allentown, Pa.

    No. 3. Sitch of I. Mazepa, Jersey City, N. J.

    No. 4. Sitch of P. Polubotok, Philadelphia, Pa.

    No. 5. Sitch of P. Sahaydachny, Bridgeport, Conn.

    No. 6. Sitch of M. Pavlyk, Bayonne, N. J.

    No. 7. Sitch of M. Zaliznyak, Brooklyn. N. Y.

    No. 8. Sitch of Ivan Franko, Berwick, Pa.

    No. 9. Sitch of I. Samiylovich, Manchester, N. H.

    No. 10. Sitch of F. Sevchenko, Cohoes, N. Y.

    No. 11. Sitch of M. Drahomaniw, Ansonia, Pa.

    No. 12. Sitch of P. Mohyla, McIntyre, Pa.

    No. 13. Sitch of B. Chmelnytzky, Chicago, Ill.

    No. 14. Sitch of I. Gonta, New Britain, Conn.

    The Sitch officers entertain high hopes that with the publishing of the Sitch News, the first issue of which you now read, the Sitch movement will not only 4come back to life, but will be bettered and spread wherever the last spark of love for the native fatherland, Ukrainia, is not as yet extinguished. They further believe that the Sitch branches will support our work with all their might. It is on you that the future of our periodical depends, which will bring to your home a sincerely warm Sitch greeting.

    [This applies to Chicago, the Sitch Center since 1920] Thanks to the Interim Sitch Committee, the first Sitch convention was called on November 11, 1916, in New York City, and ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, III B 4
  • Sichovi Visty -- July 13, 1918
    (No headline)

    Ukrainian youth! Undoubtedly the Siege News appears at the proper time. At this opportune time it brings to you a highly ideal slogan: "In the healthy body, a healthy mind."

    It is at the right time that this sacred work is being started; the work which tends to organize our youth into the Siege Organization, with the object of helping a balanced development of the physical and spiritual forces of the commonalty. In other words, to help to unfold the all around proper balanced development of the youth in America. This kind of upbringing is positively necessary. Even although this work is somewhat belated, nevertheless it is better late than never.

    May we say one thing on our behalf, that the founders of the Siege News do not have any intention of satisfying their private ambition. The Siege News is a crystallization of wishes which are founded on idealism and love of the nation, especially the youth. The Siege News 2goes to you, the progeny of our famous forefathers, to help to bring out and show forth the life-giving light, to uplift the average person both physically and spiritually, to lay a foundation on which we can build a plan for a fulfillment of our national duty here.

    When we observe the development of cultured nations, we notice that they, in bringing up the new generation, took into consideration a balanced development both intellectually and physically. The results of this upbringing were such that sickly-looking individuals were almost entirely eliminated; there was no prematurely old youth, no pessimists, no individuals careless toward the affairs of their own nation. The importance of such upbringing was properly understood in the old country during the last years before the World War. Every 3one there looked intelligently upon the development of our Ukrainian "eagle" and "Siege" ranks, for they knew the consequential meaning of it all. The brutal ruinous war did not spare our "eagles" and "Sieges." Yet, one day the war will be over and they will arise again to life.

    In America, for several years there was felt an ardent necessity of the Siege Organization. Here our youth is exposed to a thousand and one dangers. Now, when we look upon the life with our own eyes, the American youth, not only in the educational institutions but also in clubs, cares for a physical development: our own youth, however, is getting dissipated before, our very eyes. Our youth here is on the road to ruin.

    We cannot say that our Ukrainian youth does not like athletic associations. We can gather many facts which prove that many a Ukrainian young man belongs to foreign organizations. This is a great loss to 4our own nation. We must not permit our energetic youth to lose itself in the foreign scattered fields.

    Some years ago many branches of our Siege Organization were opened. This is a comeback to the better. This is a nice beginning. Let us not fold our arms; let us not abandon our well-begun work. "Well begun is half done" only then, when the other half is not slept through.

    On our part we have done, are doing, and will do everything to make the Siege Organization grow for the good and glory of this country and Ukrainia.

    In order to animate thoroughly the Ukrainian Siege movement in America, we undertake to publish The Siege News. Let us not put any political program ahead of another. Our object is: to train the youth of Ukrainian descent of both sexes, and the training of the youth will be of such 5a nature that both physical and intellectual faculties simultaneously will be taken care of by a development of the physical energy through athletics, and the young mind through reading the proper literature, lectures, etc. The character of such training is of a patriotic nature. When our youth is well educated and enlightened, then it will follow such political roads which will add the most for the good of the whole nation.

    "In the sound body, a sound mind!" When our physical strength develops by joint physical drills, then our minds will crave also for work and knowledge. Then we shall help the youth to get rid of thousands imperfections which fall into their eyes. Then we shall guard the youth from thousands of dangers, against languish and demoralization, of which Ukrainia will be proud.

    We send out to you this first issue of the Siege News. Let this our 6periodical be the center of the life of our youth. Let it keep us united in one large family; let is lead us always onward to progress, to everything uplifting and sublime. Let it long live and serve for the glory and good of the whole nation.

    With sending to you this first issue of the Siege News, we appeal to you: Join one and all the Siege Organization! Open up Siege branches everywhere. Unite, work, and educate yourselves! On this depends our future.

    Accept the Siege News with such love as we are sending it out into the world.

    We are aware of having done our part! Now it is up to you, Ukrainian youth, to do yours!

    Ukrainian youth! Undoubtedly the Siege News appears at the proper time. At this opportune time it brings to you a highly ideal slogan: "In the healthy body, a healthy mind." ...

    Ukrainian
    III B 2, III A, I M, II B 2 d 1, II B 3, III E