The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    Brothers and Countrymen!!

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a Lithuanian church where one can assemble to worship our Creator in our own language.

    We know that it is hard to understand and to have unity among ourselves is such a large city like Chicago. It takes at least two hours' time to get together among ourselves.

    By seeing the causes why we cannot work closer among ourselves to make acquaintances and to express our thoughts we find it very convenient to publish a Lithuanian newspaper which will come to assist us in spiritual and material needs.

    Brothers, you will understand without our explanation what benefit our newspaper will be to us. Sponsoring the building of a church, the Home of God, we are anxious to increase the membership of our parish. We can 2announce and express our views in a broader way. It makes better understanding among us, when one understands in his own heart and thoughts. When a society wants to give its program through the newspaper we can give moral support to help our brothers in their activities.

    We publish this newspaper not for personal gain but to recover the Lithuanian spirit, language and to unite Lithuanians into one organization. This newspaper will not be against the church. We have many deeds unfinished, and new ones to begin, therefore we will work for what is more necessary to us.

    You see how our brothers are suffering under that cruel dragon of Russia who wants to rob our native language, prohibit us to read and to write in order to keep us in darkness, and when we are ignorant they do with us what they please. We all know the purpose of Russia: to teach us the Russian language, to prohibit our newspapers and then without any difficulty convert us to orthodoxy. Let us look to other nationalities, 3Czechs and Poles. They have their newspapers, many Lithuanians read Polish papers. Those who are reading literature and newspapers are more educated. They earn more. It is easier for them to make a better living and to gain wealth.

    Therefore, brothers, let us not slumber. Wake up from the sleep of lethargy. We must begin to read newspapers and books. Let us teach each other. Let us live in brotherhood and unity. We must tie ourselves in one brotherly knot. Do not pay attention to the differences of our thoughts and ideas. We must go with one purpose. Let us have one thought among us, unity, education and mother country, then there will be no misunderstandings among us. With our united strength we will obtain a better livelihood.

    It is well known to all of us that in Chicago there are not a few groups of Lithuanians, there are a few societies, we have started to build a ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, I C, III C, II B 2 d 1
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    How Lithuanians of Today Ought to Look Toward Poles and Their Language

    On this question I will give a short answer.

    Lithuanians of today should not fancy about Polish language, because that language will not help us in Lithuania, nor in America. In America, it is understood by all, that the English language is a necessity to everyone, that without the English language a man cannot exist. In Lithuania under the Russian government, was a Russian language, under Germany, was German language. Lithuanians must turn to that side which is most beneficial to them. Although we cannot hold Poles as our enemies, we are obliged to give them as much rights, just as much as to Germans, French and other nations. Today all the enlightened in the world, except the rich and the rulers, are anxious to have freedom for humanity in material and spiritual needs and for this reason we cannot be intolerant towards other nations. Of course, we cannot forget our own language, which must be first to Lithuanians.

    Patriotism is necessary, but it must not be extreme fanaticism. It would be beneficial if every nation would once in a while raise the question of cosmopolitanism.

    Memersys

    The skylark.

    On this question I will give a short answer. Lithuanians of today should not fancy about Polish language, because that language will not help us in Lithuania, nor in America. ...

    Lithuanian
    I C, III H
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The First Celebration -- National Holiday -- Chicago

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University of Vilno. The meeting was held at Mr. Szimkiewicia's Hall, 811 South Halsted St. J. Szimkiewiczia was elected chairman of the meeting. The speakers of the evening were Mr. Bradczulis and Masionis.

    P. Masionis spoke about the life of S. Daukantas, and why we must respect our great men. P. Kazlauskas spoke about Polanized Lithuanians and the beauty of our own language. P. Szimkiewicze and Pacewicze spoke about the great men of Lithuania. The most important speaker was Mr. Bradczulis.

    He spoke that our ancestors, more than 1,000 years B. C. came to Europe from Asia. He said, according to philologists, archeologists and historians, that in Central Asia, in the province of Hindustan, they discover a Sanscrit nation which is recognized as the oldest nation, that the Lithuanian language has the closest resemblance to the Sanscrit language. That our ancestors moved north, to improve their economical conditions.

    We find relics of Lithuanians in Greece. There are many names of people and places showing a close resemblance to Lithuanian names. We also find many Lithuanian names in Bulgaria. There are many cuts on stones of the Lithuanian emblem of the knight. There are many places and rivers with Lithuanian names. At that time Lithuanians used the Ruthenian alphabet.

    2

    The history of Lithuanians was written for us by the great historian and writer S. Daukantas.

    That many Lithuanian writers wrote in other languages, especially in Polish. Lithuanian writers made Polish literature world famous.

    In this assembly tonight we are proud to remember our great benefactor in history and literature, Simonas Daukantas.

    Chicago, November 24, 1892, eight o'clock in the evening the local L. M. D. celebrated the anniversary of the death of S. Daukantas, the philologist and magister of the University ...

    Lithuanian
    III B 3 a, IV, I C, III H, II B 1 d
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    The Spiritual Movement of Chicago Lithuanians

    Lithuanians in Chicago: According to our statistics there are close to 4,000 Lithuanians in Chicago. Lithuanians began to reside in Chicago about thirty years ago. In the beginning there were very few of them, just in the last few years the number of Lithuanians increased. Today there are seven societies:

    1. The oldest society is Sw. Kazimieraus Karalaiczio (St. Casimir, the Prince) established in the year of 1885.

    2. Kunigaikszio Gedemino (Duke Gedemin) established in 1891

    3. Apveizdos Dievo (Province of God) established in 1892

    4. Szwento Jurgio (Saint George) 1892

    5. Cluster of Lithuanians Science Society in 1892.

    6. Theatrical Society in 1892.

    Also in this year Lithuanians organized a political club which will be a great benefit to Lithuanians. It seems that the Lithuanians of Chicago will not yield to other cities where Lithuanians are more numerous.

    2

    In a short time there will be a Lithuanian Church in Chicago. The lot for the church is bought, also a frame church is bought already soon to be moved on the lot. The church for the Chicago Lithuanians will be an inexpressible benefit, not only for spiritual need, but for national as well, many will be converted back to Lithuanians. We know that there are many Lithuanians in Chicago that do not want to call themselves Lithuanians. The church, by proclaiming the word of God in our native language, will bring many to the right road, that is, it will make good Lithuanians.

    All wanton persons, strayers, none will find the road to come back to their own homes.

    The news is coming from the members of societies, that all Lithuanians - all societies are willing to make union, in order that solidarity and love would reign among Lithuanians, that among all Lithuanians, the ideal of Lithuanianism would prevail.

    We hope, that the spiritual leader of our parish will not reject this plan, will come to help us by urging and awakening our brothers.

    Reporter "Lietievos."

    Lithuanians in Chicago: According to our statistics there are close to 4,000 Lithuanians in Chicago. Lithuanians began to reside in Chicago about thirty years ago. In the beginning there were ...

    Lithuanian
    III A, III C, I F 2, III B 2
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    International Society

    A meeting was held by the International Society, Nov. 27, 1892, at MAJAUCKAS Hall, 777 Milwaukee Avenue. The program was our own to improve the workingman's condition. The speaker X. was from the province of Kaunas, a student of Berlin University. The speaker said "do not believe that the anarchists with their bombs will bring benefit to the workers. It will not. Such an action is against a democratic government policy." The speaker said that in this democratic country the best weapon of the working men is the ballot. We do not need to shed blood nor use fire. We workingmen can win our fight, improve our living conditions by ballot because we are 95% while only 5% own the wealth and control the government. We need education and we can obtain knowledge only through literature. When the workingmen are organized we do not need to shed blood. We will improve our living conditions by peaceful assembly and ballot.

    A meeting was held by the International Society, Nov. 27, 1892, at MAJAUCKAS Hall, 777 Milwaukee Avenue. The program was our own to improve the workingman's condition. The speaker X. ...

    Lithuanian
    I E, II B 2 g
  • Lietuva -- December 10, 1892
    To the Lithuanian Writers

    Respected Countrymen:

    We see what oppression endure our countrymen from strange nationalists, we see the literary darkness of our brothers, especially in places where the Lithuanians are living. It would be a great benefit to Lithuanians to ask them to subscribe to our weekly paper Lietuva, which is sponsoring the spiritual and educational idea among Lithuanians.

    We are asking those who are active among our countrymen to help us by writing on Lithuanian activities in your colony.

    For the payment of your written contributions to our paper, we will mail to your our weekly paper Lietuva free of charge.

    Respectfully yours,

    Editor.

    Respected Countrymen: We see what oppression endure our countrymen from strange nationalists, we see the literary darkness of our brothers, especially in places where the Lithuanians are living. It would ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 d 1
  • Lietuva -- December 12, 1892
    Remarks.

    November 30 we read in English paper "Chicago Daily News" a very important news. That the Senatorial Committee of the United States introduced a bill to stop European immigrants to America for the coming year; from March 1, 1893 to March 1, 1894. The causes for stopping the immigration is cholera. Americans are afraid that next year cholera will arise again in Europe, there is a fear that immigrants will infect America with cholera. This introduced bill would be very beneficial to the workers of this land. Americans despise those immigrants who cannot write nor read. Their opinion is such: unenlightened person, uneducated, is living like an animal. Man needs material and spiritual nourishment. He who does not eat cannot live, if you will not nourish your spirit by reading books and newspapers, which gives nourishment to your soul, then such a man is not fair to himself, weakens and impoverishes his own soul, and soul without spiritual work is lost. For this reason Americans build schools, print books, publish large quantities of newspapers, which enlighten the man and the enlightened man morally reared will not become criminal.

    The United States statistics show that the great majority of robbers, thieves and all kinds of criminals are from the uneducated class of people.

    Therefore. for this reason the United States is thinking to issue a new statute against such immigrants of Europe. The new statutes are as follows:

    2

    If a person between 12 to 55 years of age cannot write or read the native language, if married and head of a family, and not having $100.00 will not be allowed to enter United States land, besides this, must have an affidavit from the ambassador of the United States.

    Brothers Lithuanians! We have been speaking to you many times, we did ask and beg you to take out citizen papers, which is of great value to you. Here is what the government can do to those who have no citizen papers: it can send them to such a place where there are very few inhabitants, or unhealthy climate, or if you disobey to such government's attempt, you will be send back to the old country like a prisoner.

    By seeing that the immigration statutes of the United States are changing every year, brothers Lithuanians, we must take in consideration for ourselves that by lack of knowledge of laws, we may get very easily into trouble. Now is the time to bring over our relatives and friends. If you are thinking to remain in America, take out citizen papers without any delay.

    We will help our countryman with courtesy and devotion. Come to our printing shop "Lietuva," at 567 W. 18th St., and we will help you in whatever you need. Do not think, countrymen, that we are doing wrong to you, we are doing this for your sake and Lithuanianism.

    November 30 we read in English paper "Chicago Daily News" a very important news. That the Senatorial Committee of the United States introduced a bill to stop European immigrants to ...

    Lithuanian
    III G, I M, III A, I A 1 a
  • Lietuva -- December 17, 1892
    What Benefits Can Politics Bring to Lithuanians

    Who wants to get an easy and well paid job must take part in political action. People of all nationalities participate in politics, have many city jobs, as policemen and other offices.

    Let us look to Lithuanians who worked in politics for a couple of years, today they have very good places. If we unite and advertise our ward through newspapers among other nationalities in Chicago, we have hope, that if united Lithuanians work in politics for a couple of years, few scores of men would have good jobs.

    Who wants to get an easy and well paid job must take part in political action. People of all nationalities participate in politics, have many city jobs, as policemen and ...

    Lithuanian
    I F 3, I C
  • Lietuva -- December 17, 1892
    Very Beneficial to Girls and Young Men First Dancing School

    In Chicago there are many handsome girls and young men among the Lithuanians who want to dress well, to have good times at dances and weddings.

    Unfortunately, our girls and boys at such recreation places have been laughed at for not knowing the dances of this country.

    I, as a Lithuanian who seeks good for our nation, in order to show to other nations that we are a cultured people, am opening a dancing school, where in a short time you will learn American dances.

    Such dances will be once a week at P. CZESLWASKI'S HALL, 32nd and Lowell Avenue.

    I believe that all will agree with my proposition.

    L. J. ZACHAREWICZIUS

    The editor highly prizes such a school and urges young Lithuanians to learn American dances.

    In Chicago there are many handsome girls and young men among the Lithuanians who want to dress well, to have good times at dances and weddings. Unfortunately, our girls and ...

    Lithuanian
    II B 2 f, II A 3 d 2, II B 1 c 2
  • Lietuva -- December 17, 1892
    Organized International Society

    Last Sunday the Poles organized "International Society". The aim of this society is to work according to the statutes of the United States for the improvement of workers' conditions. The secretary of this society is a Lithuanian, from the province of Kaunas.

    The Lithuanians also organized such a society in 1886, under the name of "Varpas" (The Bell), but it was unable to exist.

    Last Sunday the Poles organized "International Society". The aim of this society is to work according to the statutes of the United States for the improvement of workers' conditions. The ...

    Lithuanian
    I E, I E