The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 28, 1871
    [The Abolition of the Income Tax]

    Editorial about the abolition of the income tax. Editor applauds U. S. Senate for having voted 26.25 for the abolition. Reasons: Rich people able to evade it (Officials and employees have to pay it). Only 275,000 people paid the tax in 1870. Obviously, very many people with incomes over $1000 evaded it.

    Income tax has a depressing and demolishing influence, penalizes the spirit of enterprise and industrial success. Its abolition will be of advantage not only for those who had to pay it, but has the whole of the population.

    Editorial about the abolition of the income tax. Editor applauds U. S. Senate for having voted 26.25 for the abolition. Reasons: Rich people able to evade it (Officials and employees ...

    German
    I H, I D 1 b, I D 1 a
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 16, 1871
    (No headline)

    Small Notice:-

    "We would like to call the attention of foreign newspapers who seem to have made it their chief avocation to dowry Chicago as a den of murder and robbery, to the fact that for more than three months no single robbery, no murder, as a matter of fact, no capital crime whatsoever has been committed."

    Small Notice:- "We would like to call the attention of foreign newspapers who seem to have made it their chief avocation to dowry Chicago as a den of murder and ...

    German
    I H
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- March 08, 1871
    Editorial:-Celebrating the Entrance of Five Negro Members into Congress.

    "It is not saying too much that the position of the Jews has hardly improved as much in the public life of Europe in two centuries as the position of the Negroes has improved in two decades in the public life of America...It is hardly more than four years, since the proposal to enfranchise the Negroes, almost led to a revolution with which the highest official of the Republic, himself, was threatened. But, today, after a mulatto has sat for two years, in the Federal Senate, it hardly attracts any attention that five members of the despised and outlawed race, take their seats among the representatives of the nation!

    With that the Negro question has ceased to be a question. That white and black families will have frequent social intercourse, as long as the difference in education and interests are considerable, is neither probable or necessary. Between Germans and the Irish, Germans, and American, there exists also, on the whole, little social intercourse, and yet they are all "Whites." Equality of pigment (the same skin), is not enough to create close understanding. But neither will its inequality in the long run prevent it. In the Twentieth Century, there will remain of the prejudice against "Niggers", approximately as much, as there remains today against people with red hair or freckles.

    "It is not saying too much that the position of the Jews has hardly improved as much in the public life of Europe in two centuries as the position of ...

    German
    I C, I H
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- March 31, 1871
    The Temperance Problem

    Once more we are receiving news from the seat of the legislation that there is danger that the House Bill No. 435, the creation of the temperance advocate will be accepted. Petitions for this bill come rushing in from all the country districts, and as no mass protests against it have been received so far the legislators must become convinced that really nobody in the State is opposed to the bill. If this erroneous opinion is not quickly destroyed a bill may really become State law which puts the innkeepers outside the protection of the law, tampers with the fundamental rights of the citizens, voids without any ado, rent contracts, and will sew an inexhaustible crop of lawsuits and litigation.

    If the temperance advocates are successful with this bill they will have driven a wedge into the Legislature that will permit them further advances. A stricter Sunday legislation and execution of the existing Sunday laws will be the next step. Already a Chicago daily has energetically demanded of the Mayor that he carry out the Sunday laws and close the inns one and all on Sundays.... The politicians will follow the side that makes the most noise. Therefore it is necessary to prove through protests that a great part of the public is now as ever opposed to such intrigues".

    Once more we are receiving news from the seat of the legislation that there is danger that the House Bill No. 435, the creation of the temperance advocate will be ...

    German
    I B 2, I H, I F 3
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 14, 1871
    [The Temperance Question]

    "Herr Sturznickel" who writes in the 'Zuschquer in Eerie' seems to regard any regulation of the sale of intoxicating liquors as an interference with his rights. He complains: "The Legislature in Harrisburg has passed a bill punishing the sale of alcoholic beverages on election days with prison and fines. The law was passed by 67 to 28 votes. Democrats like Republicans have voted for it. This is again an encroachment on professional and personal liberty. If we could only sweep this eternal temperance idiocy out of our legislatures! The whole thing is becoming just too disgusting. Oh, that a bomb would hit into this temple of hypocrisy."

    This indignation about a law that exists in practically all States, reminds us of a now deceased brewer who so hated water that he never would take it into his mouth. Once an American demanded ice for a bandage(Umschlag.) "The God dam teetotaler" exclaimed the brewer,"he shall not get any ice. He who drinks no beer shall have no ice!"

    "Herr Sturznickel" who writes in the 'Zuschquer in Eerie' seems to regard any regulation of the sale of intoxicating liquors as an interference with his rights. He complains: "The Legislature ...

    German
    I B 2, I C, I H, I F 3
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 09, 1871
    (Editorial Reprint of a Long Report in the N. Y. Tribune Concerning Reconstruction Conditions in South Carolina)

    The report of the Tribune correspondent appears to be truthful. Four years ago when the question of Negro franchise was current we pointed to the grave danger (unlike those vociferous "Radicals" who meanwhile have changed into "Liberals" and who believed in the supernatural effect of the franchise), - the grave danger of suddenly giving the right to vote to a class of people reared in ignorance, barbarism and slavery....Nothing that has happened since, has changed our conviction that thanks to the fear of Johnson's reactionary tendencies, and due to the Democratic outcry, Reconstruction was enacted prematurely and has done a grave moral injustice.

    ...Neither the masters, used to arbitrary rule, nor the slaves, unaccustomed to bear any responsibility, could have that understanding of civil equality that in a people must have become second nature.....What the South really needed would have been the continuance of direct Federal military administration, though restricted to the protection of life and property....Nothing like that 2was done, and now things have to run their course. And if they run badly you may thank Andrew Johnson for it.

    (Footnote of translator) The hypocrisy of this piece, and the uneasy Republican conscience that it tries to conceal rather clumsily, are really amazing. (Tr. Dr. Peter Olden)

    The report of the Tribune correspondent appears to be truthful. Four years ago when the question of Negro franchise was current we pointed to the grave danger (unlike those vociferous ...

    German
    I H, I G
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 09, 1871
    [The Administration of Justice]

    Republican writers have had to say terrible things about "Cabinettsjustiz" (justice dealt out arbitrarily by a king) in despotic countries. That a prince, according to his whim and pleasure, may stop all persecution of a criminal, or may persecute an innocent man, is justly regarded as the blackest blemish of the absolute monarchy. "Cabinettsjustiz" in this sense, however, has completely disappeared from the civilized nations of Europe, that is to say, from all except Russia and Turkey. The privilege of pardoning a criminal is also much less abused than in the United States. In Europe, of ten sentences at least nine are executed; in the United States hardly three...

    Here in our democracy we have the exact counterpart to "Cabinettsjustiz". Through the juries the people indulge their most arbitrary whims in the administration of justice. Every year sees hundreds, yes thousands of sentences that are a complete travesty of justice....But if the customary jury acquittals are already a blot on American judicial procedure - what expression would be strong enough to characterize the boundless impudence that the Chicago Grand Jury has just exhibited? After a short, secret session this Grand Jury has decided not to indict the young Leonard who slew his brother-in-law Scanland a few weeks ago, and the State-Attorney has been forced to set Leonard free.........

    2

    If in this case the Grand Jury had consisted of bums and ne'er-do-wells of the type that makes a dollar and a half in civil suits, the conclusions one would have to draw would not be so embarrassing. But the list shows that the jurors almost without exception were respectable, some of them wealthy business men belonging to the best circles of society. If such men are capable of condoning so unprovocated a killing as that of Scanland - because they did not like the nose, or the complexion of the victim, then that indicates so complete a degeneration of ethics and morality that the worst has to be feared for the development of our society. In that case people may shout themselves hoarse with enthusiasm about our"free political institutions" - freedom is only a euphemistic name for anarchy. The first condition for right prevailing in a country is the living consciousness of right in the people. Where that is lacking, the whole freedom is not worth a phony nickel.

    ("ist fur die Katz")

    Republican writers have had to say terrible things about "Cabinettsjustiz" (justice dealt out arbitrarily by a king) in despotic countries. That a prince, according to his whim and pleasure, may ...

    German
    II E 3, I H, I F 3
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 23, 1871
    [Freedom of the Press]

    Like many other privileges that were calculated to surround the majesty of the State with an awe-inspiring halo, also the right, arbitrarily, to punish the "betrayal of State secrets" has been passed on to the Congress...In exercising this right the Federal Senate has imprisoned two New York journalists for indefinite periods...The whole procedure is in bad taste...In Europe Bismarck has accustomed the nations to the boldest sincerity, and in America Seward as Secretary of State, has done more than once the same thing...The American press has to answer for many sins. The snooping into private affairs, the publication of which can have no other effect than to satisfy a morbid curiosity at the price of peace and happiness of families is an outrage not to be justified by the petty ward"enterprise". But the cleverness with which the American press brings remarkable events, facts of public interest, and important acts to public knowledge is not one of its sins but a virtue..In December 1867 President Johnson's message to Congress was translated and printed complete in the Illinois Staats-Zeitung four hours before it was read in Congress. Maybe, that was also a "nefarious betrayal of State Se crets" - however, we have never heard that the public regarded it as a crime, and wouldn't mind repeating at the next good occasion......

    Like many other privileges that were calculated to surround the majesty of the State with an awe-inspiring halo, also the right, arbitrarily, to punish the "betrayal of State secrets" has ...

    German
    II B 2 d 1, I H, I C
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- May 30, 1871
    The 29th Day of May (Editorial)

    Never has it been more evident than yesterday that the German population is an inseparable part of the American nation. Because the celebration that was dedicated to the German victory, the German unification and the European peace safeguarded by them, was not only a German, but a general celebration....Here it was not a question of scanty concessions of individual city offices as public institutions...All banks were closed, the stock market celebrated, the Federal offices, the courts, the post, the municipal authorities had announced that they would regard the German peace celebration as a national holiday. The City Hall was adorned from the dome downward with German and American flags. In short it was a holiday not for the Germans only, but for the whole population.

    All fears that the parade (like former ones) would make a poor, pathetic 2and meaningless impression, or would be abused for shoddy advertising, were happily confounded. The parade of the 29th surpassed the highest expectations and Chicago in future need not be afraid in regard to German demonstrations of any comparison with New York.

    ....The American politician may only have been impressed by the numerical size of Chicago German-don, and may have told himself how stupid it would be to overlook the unified German vote. But the American thinker will have seen more than that. He will have told himself that a people of so striking an individuality and so conscious of it, cannot dissolve in the English and Celtic mixed race but sooner or later will conquer recognition.

    Because the world believed that the German wanted peace only, not also his rights and his honor, therefore it has mocked him as the "German Michel". But this German Michel has exercised the superhuman strength of an archangel Michael and with quick, tremendous blows has shattered the empire of lies, of deception, of hypocrisy, of flossed-over barbarism, and painted prostitution. Very well the German in America, too, may have been a sleeping Michel;- 3but he may and shall wake up as a Saint Michael and shall crush with a strong arm the powers of darkness, that is the Welsh-dom ("Walscht-hum" might be translated as Welsh race or nation, but "Walsch" means also a moral quality; the latter meaning is influenced and characterized by the phonetic resemblance of "walsch" and "falsch" - falsch meaning false) of American that here, too, tries to enthrone scarcely veiled barbarism in the place of civilization, showy ostentation in that of right, and shameless glittering dishonesty in that of moral decency.

    Never has it been more evident than yesterday that the German population is an inseparable part of the American nation. Because the celebration that was dedicated to the German victory, ...

    German
    II B 1 c 3, I C, I H, I G, III H, III A, III B 2
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- June 17, 1871
    [The Temperance Problem]

    Numerous delegates were present last evening at the meeting of the Ward representatives who had been elected for the Anti-Temperance Committee. Only the Seventh and Tenth Wards were due to a mistake by the Executive Committee, not represented.

    Herr Jussen, as chairman of the Executive Committee elected at the Turn Hall meeting, called the assembly to order. He proposed to hold another meeting on a later evening when the Seventh and Tenth Wards would have elected delegates.

    Herr Carl Sievers opposed this, saying one should strike the iron while it was hot. He desired the election of a provisory board ("Vorstand")

    His motion was unanimously accepted, and Herr Beiersdorff was elected provisory chairman. Major Wallis was elected temporary secretary.

    Herr Sievers moves for the nomination of a Committee of five that shall be charged with proposing permanent officers of the organization.

    The chairman thinks it is time to express the thanks of the assembly to the 2old Executive Committee that has done its duty.

    Herr Jussen declares that he would resign with the greatest pleasure if the opinion prevailed that his services were no longer needed, but that he did not think the assembly empowered to push him and his colleagues out of the Executive Committee. The Turnhalle, he said, had resolved to complete the Executive Committee by the Ward delegates. "It is nonsense, it is childish, and it is an insult to deny that resolution". He gives his word of honor that he had no further ambitions, did want no other office, and only meant exactly what he was saying. The speaker then became excited, and made veiled attacks on various members of the assembly and on the Illinois Staats-Zeitung.

    There ensues a short personal debate between Mr. Carl Sievers and Mr. Jussen.

    Mr. Carl Haussner wants to know if he, as a member of the Executive Committee, elected in the Turn Halle, had still a right to vote here. The chairman answers in the negative. Col. Rutishauser regrets this development and declares his 3resignation from the Executive Committee.

    Mr. R. Michaelis renounced any further collaboration, though he had worked hard and spent much money. But the fact that one questioned the vote of the former Executive Committee members he thought very boorish. He regarded it as his duty, after having been treated so rudely, to resign altogether.

    After a prolonged debate it was decided to regard the members of the former Executive Committee as"delegates-at-large."

    Then the original motion of Herr Sievers was accepted, and a committee of five named to nominate permanent officers. The chairman selected the Messrs John Stuber, Ebersold, Ernst Mattern, Blattner and Ad. Muller for the Committee, and William Vocke was proposed for President, Major Wallis, vice-president, Carl Sievers, Secretary and T. Gross, Jun., Treasurer.

    Carl Haussner: Herr Vocke is not in Chicago. Should there be a vacancy from the start, that will be bad business.

    4

    Major Wallis: The Legislature will adjourn on Saturday. Mr. Vocke will from then on be uninterruptedly in Chicago till fall.

    F. Witte, also would oppose the election of absentees, but makes an exception for Mr. Vocke, because he is a capable man, and as a member of the Legislature might be very helpful.

    Ch. Haussner: To start a meeting with an absent president is a farce. That has not happened in all world history.

    A vote of all against one established thereupon Mr. Vocke as a candidate. Then the slate of four was voted upon as a bloc, and elected, and finally the election was made unanimous. Major Wallis took over the chairmanship. Jussen moved to elect a Committee of three for legal protection, that shall assist the innkeepers if they are attacked by the temperance advocates on account of the State laws. The Committee was elected: Ed. Jussen for the North Side, Rodbertus for the South Side. T. Gross, Jum. for the West Side. After another lengthy debate it was resolved that each Ward shall hold a meeting 5for the purpose of collecting funds. Then the meeting was adjourned until next Tuesday evening at the same place.

    Numerous delegates were present last evening at the meeting of the Ward representatives who had been elected for the Anti-Temperance Committee. Only the Seventh and Tenth Wards were due to ...

    German
    I B 2, I H, I F 3, III B 2