The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

Filter by Date

  • DennĂ­ Hlasatel -- May 25, 1903
    Protest by Croatians

    Almost four hundred sturdy Croatians met in a hall at Center Avenue and 18th Street, in order to protest against the licentious ruling of the Hungarian government and its henchmen, the baneful Khuen-Hedervary in Croatia. Conditions there are known to our people from newspaper reports. Martial law exists in many towns today. The soldiers shoot people without mercy and whoever is arrested is tried and hung mercilessly. This is the reward of the Croats for having defended the Emperor and his government in 1848, against these same Hungarians, who today are oppressing them, and this because they are defending the rights given them by law. There are no rights in Austria-Hungary and as a Croatian student predicted: "There will be no rights for the Slavs in Austria until the hoofs of Cossack horses beat upon the market-square of Vienna."

    The meeting of our Croatian brothers was dignified. The chairman was Mr. Juraj Mamek; vice-chairman, Ivan Bozie; treasurer, J. C. Jankovic, secretary, T. Lackovic; auditor Stivelic. Before the meeting was called to order, voluntary donations were brought to the treasurer's table. It was impressive, the way those hard, 2calloused hands contributed for the home-land, how willingly and how enthusiastically they contributed money earned by sweat and blood upon the altar of their "Home-land". Each of them gave at least a dollar, though we know, that Croatians are mainly workingmen and that they have no wealthy people among them. In the meeting the following was accomplished: The resolutions committee consisting of Messrs. Dr. Bianki, Pavel Hajdic and Ivan Bozic composed two telegrams; one directed to the National Defense Committee at Zahreb calling on the brothers to continue the fight for Croatian rights; the other to Franz Josef, present Emperor of Austria, in which he is called upon to put an end to the reign of the Hungarian monster in Croatia. There was collected since Thursday by means of subscription sheets and in the meeting a total of $355.80 and $51.00 for telegrams. Certainly a distinguished showing of the conscientiousness of our brother-men.

    One more word. It is our duty as Bohemians, to make collections for the benefit of our Croatian brothers and help them in their battle with the savage Hungarian hordes. Croatians live among us, associate with us, and participate in all our national undertakings. At the protest meeting, when martial law was declared in Prague, they took part in our meeting, spoke at the meeting and collected contributions for us. They celebrated Bohemian Day with us in 1893 contributing 3almost $1000.00 for the occasion. However it is now time that we showed, that we sympathize with the unfortunate Slovak nation, which is being set upon, destroyed and murdered, and that as true Slavs we stand with them.

    Almost four hundred sturdy Croatians met in a hall at Center Avenue and 18th Street, in order to protest against the licentious ruling of the Hungarian government and its henchmen, ...

    Croatian
    II D 10, I C, III H
  • Hrvatska Zastava -- September 22, 1904
    To Be Official Organ of the Church

    Hrvatska Zastava was selected as the official organ of the Greek-Catholic Church. This very progressive parish proved with this act that they are good patriots in heart as well as in mind.

    The progress that brothers of Greek-Catholic faith are making in any undertaking is a sure guarantee that they will do much in honor of the Catholic religion, and with understanding and cooperation with other brothers will see that the colony on the West Side of Chicago gets its church in the near future. In that we will support brothers of Greek-Catholic faith not only as their church organ but as a national herald of all Croats, regardless of their faith.

    Hrvatska Zastava was selected as the official organ of the Greek-Catholic Church. This very progressive parish proved with this act that they are good patriots in heart as well as ...

    Croatian
    II B 2 d 1, III C
  • Radnicka Straza -- January 01, 1908
    Awakening and Rebirth of Jugoslav Workers

    The Slovenian Brothers for a long time have had their workingmen's and Socialist papers "Glas Slobode" and "Proletarec" of Chicago. The Serbian workers started their paper, "Radnicka Borba," recently in New York, of which the 13th number was issued recently.

    The Bulgarians have yet to establish their paper, so that all Jugoslav workers in America have their newspapers dedicated purely to workers being militant and educational.

    The Jugoslav workers are awakening, and when they awake they will bring the rebirth of the working class.

    The Slovenian Brothers for a long time have had their workingmen's and Socialist papers "Glas Slobode" and "Proletarec" of Chicago. The Serbian workers started their paper, "Radnicka Borba," recently in ...

    Croatian
    II B 2 d 1
  • Radnicka Straza -- January 08, 1908
    Our Progress in Chicago.

    [gap]

    <span class="gap">[gap]</span>

    Croatian
    I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- January 08, 1908
    Supplement to Radnicka Straza, Vol. 1. No. 2. January 8, 1908. By-Laws of the Croatian Workingmen's Educational and Political Union in America.

    Name, Range of Operation, Location of the Union.

    1. The name of the Union is: "Croatian Workingmen's Educational and Political Union of America.

    2. The range of Operation extends over all States of the United States of America.

    3. The Location of the Union is Chicago, Illinois. The Convention can shift the location to another city, in which there are at least 3000 Croatian Workingmen and in which did exist a Local Branch of the Union for at least one year, which acted according to the by-laws.

    Purpose and Aim of the Union.

    4. Purpose and aim of the Union are:

    2

    a.) to propagate knowledge and culture, to qualify Croatian Workingmen for the struggle for workingmen's rights and cultural progress.

    b.) to educate politically the Croatian workingman for the working class struggle, that he can, taking part in political contests, gain benefits for the benefit of working classes.

    c.) to act for the betterment of living conditions of the Croatian workingman.

    Name, Range of Operation, Location of the Union. 1. The name of the Union is: "Croatian Workingmen's Educational and Political Union of America. 2. The range of Operation extends over ...

    Croatian
    I E, I F 3, III B 2
  • Radnicka Straza -- February 06, 1908
    Forward! Appeal Forward! Stand Up! Croatian Workingmen of Chicago!

    Lack of work is extending, devastating workers' ranks like a monster.

    The man eaters - the capitalists - threw out their slaves into the snow and cold. In Chicago only there are over 150,000 jobless worker slaves.

    The misery is becoming bigger every day. The distress worse. The last saved nickels escape through the fingers. Thousands of workers cannot pay rent. Many workers are without coal and wood. Many a workers wanders driven by hunger and cold, like a dog without a master.

    Is that true? O it is, it is! It is even worse. Thousands of workers suffer from want, impossible to describe. Is there no way out of this distress? Can we not alleviate that misery? Can we not stop this wretchedness from growing?

    2

    We can, we must. It has to be better.

    The Socialist Party of Chicago started a fight to abolish this evil. This fight must be supported by us Croatian workingmen.

    We too, with thousands of other workers have to exclaim and shout:

    Give us work! Give us bread! For that reason The Croatian Workingmen's meeting will be held Sunday, February the 9th, 1908 at 9 A.M. in the great hall of Fr. Mladic 587 Center Avenue for the benefit of unemployed workers.

    The Committee of the Croatian Workingmen's Union for Education and Politics.

    Lack of work is extending, devastating workers' ranks like a monster. The man eaters - the capitalists - threw out their slaves into the snow and cold. In Chicago only ...

    Croatian
    I D 2 c, I E, I D 1 a
  • Radnicka Straza -- March 05, 1908
    Slovenian Socialists of Chicago

    The Slovenian Socialists of Chicago will arrange an entertainment Saturday, March 14. Concert and dance at Frank Mladich's Hall. They want to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the death of Karl Marx, and the 37th anniversary of the Commune of Paris.

    The Slovenian Socialists of Chicago will arrange an entertainment Saturday, March 14. Concert and dance at Frank Mladich's Hall. They want to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the death of ...

    Croatian
    I E
  • Radnicka Straza -- June 12, 1908
    The Workingmen's Singing Society "Sloboda" in Chicago

    There are lively times in the Singing Society "Sloboda." There are twenty members by now -- twenty working people who want with their song to awaken the working class. They learn diligently, there is great harmony among them.

    We hope that the Singing Society "Sloboda" will fulfill her purpose and be of great benefit to the Croatian people and to the working class.

    We wish that all workingmen join this society.

    There are lively times in the Singing Society "Sloboda." There are twenty members by now -- twenty working people who want with their song to awaken the working class. They ...

    Croatian
    II B 1 a
  • Radnicka Straza -- July 10, 1908
    The Workingman's Fight for Right Is Coming Out Well

    Till now it was impossible to say that the fight of the American workers was in the right direction. There were many faults but the biggest, the unpardonable one, was the neglect to lead the fight on political ground, on which ground the working classes of Europe have made great successes.

    The American worker laid stress to fight through trade unions. Organized in trade unions the American working classes fought for better working conditions, better wages, shorter hours, etc. Strikes in many places were organized and by and by the conditions were improved. But what happened? In spite of many successes in the fight, the workers are in bad circumstances, the conditions are getting worse day by day. Working hours are lengthened, wages reduced. In one year more was lost than was gained in ten years. The unions are paralyzed. The cause for all that trouble is the method of the fight.

    In the trade unions' fight there was no backbone. There was nothing done to make the accomplished gains permanent. There was nothing done on a political ground. Politically there was neither fight nor success.

    2

    The American worker thought that he lived in a free country and did not watch nor see how enemies of the working people robbed them of freedom. While the American workers neglected an independent political action, the capitalistic class took and holds all the political power, more than in any other country. For that reason said class is oppressive and arrogant. For that reason the rights of the people in America are abridged. Just on account of its political power the capitalist class in America dominates everything. Any movement of workers is persecuted. Against the strikers they send the police and the army. The Supreme Court declared even a boycott illegal. All that shows the mistake that the working class made by not leading a political fight along with the trade union movement.

    But things changed recently. The working people see their way clear. They admit that along with the trade union movement there must be a fight for political rights. In all workingmen's circles they talk about an independent political action and the Socialist Party is growing rapidly.

    3

    The working class is convinced that it cannot trust the empty promises of the capitalists. It has to have its own politics. It must vote for workingmen's candidates, who in turn will take care of workingmen's needs.

    Till now it was impossible to say that the fight of the American workers was in the right direction. There were many faults but the biggest, the unpardonable one, was ...

    Croatian
    I E, I J, I F 3, I D 2 a 2
  • Radnicka Straza -- September 18, 1908
    Labor Day, 1908

    Twenty-two years are gone since the workers of this country first started to celebrate Labor Day. It was in 1885-86 when the movement started to introduce an eight-hour working day. In the beginning Labor Day was not celebrated as a legal holiday. The unionized workers simply decided for themselves that on the first Monday of September they will stop work, to show not only their will but also their power to do so, to enforce the eight-hour day.

    In the course of time many changes occurred. Labor Day is not what it was before. To appear friends of labor the capitalists made Labor Day a legal holiday and by that robbed the Day of his sharp demonstrations of parades. The befooled workers were led by the political capitalistic speculators and parties. The consequence of all this was that any workers' movement is persecuted, the courts and authorities suppress strikes and organizing of workers -- and call it a conspiracy because the political powers are misused.

    Twenty-two years are gone since the workers of this country first started to celebrate Labor Day. It was in 1885-86 when the movement started to introduce an eight-hour working day. ...

    Croatian
    I E, I J