The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Svornost -- October 04, 1878
    [Bohemian Meeting in Sixth Ward]

    Last night a meeting was held by Bohemian Citizens of the 6th Ward at Krejcih's Hall on 18th Street, citizen Frank Chlupsa acting as chairman and Frank Dvorak as secretary.

    At the request of those present, Mr. Leo Meilbek spoke at length of ways and means of improving conditions of working-men. After short addresses by Mr. Pavel and Mr. Chlupsa the meeting was adjourned.

    Last night a meeting was held by Bohemian Citizens of the 6th Ward at Krejcih's Hall on 18th Street, citizen Frank Chlupsa acting as chairman and Frank Dvorak as secretary. ...

    Bohemian
    I F 4, IV, I H
  • Svornost -- April 02, 1879
    After the Battle! Great Success of the Socialists!

    Further on officials of West and North Townships. J. Soukup- soundly defeated by the Bohemian vote. A. B. Chladek elected. The city Council elected is composed of 3 Socialists, 7 Republicans, 6 Democrats and 2 Independents. The Bohemians of the 6th Ward performed their duty. The Socialists cast more than 12,000 votes.

    The battle is over, we and many others shout today and now again we may be more at ease. Yesterday, a decisive battle was fought and with the partial results thus far apparent we can be satisfied. The participation of the voters this year was considerably greater than last year and the election as a whole had more life in it. In the whole there were more than 60,000 ballots cast.

    Workingmen of all nationalities, but especially Bohemians, made of yesterday a holiday and worked in all ways possible for our just cause.

    2

    The chief struggle was for the various City Offices and was decided in favor of the Democrats, who succeeded in electing the Mayor, the Treasurer, the City Attorney and the City Clerk with a considerable majority of votes. The remaining Democrats, with the exception of the North-town, will be victorious. In the West town the election ticket of one Soukup was defeated, also working against him were all the Bohemians. Mr. Adolph Chladek is again elected to the office which he previously held.

    The election judges in several wards permitted disorders and in the 7th ward the Irish riff-raff endeavored to prevent the voting of working men. It is unnecessary to add that Bohemians were unusually active this year: Many Bohemians worked with great diligence from morn till night passing out specimen ballots of the workingmen's party.

    The South-town results were as follows, for Assessor--Drake, Rep; for Collector--Reese, Rep; for Supervisor--Page, Rep; for Clerk--Schorek, Rep.

    3

    The West Town results were as follows:- for Assessor--Amick, Rep; for Collector--Dumphy, Dem; for Supervisor--Ward, Dem; for Clerk--Chladek, Dem; The North Town results were: for Assessor-- Chase, Dem; for Collector-- Niesen, Dem; Supervisor--Loftus, Dem; Clerk--Noyes, Dem.

    During yesterday's election, not all Bohemians worked with us. Some of them worked for the election of either Republicans or Democrats not through honest choice but because they were well paid. So far as we know a certain "Koukal" from 18th Street vote for the Republican Party after he received $1.00. A certain Vaclav Vtak or Hoffman, Fr. Hezonck, J. Roth and others in the 6th Ward worked against the election of the workingmen's candidates. Tomorrow or the next day we shall publish the names of all those who worked for our side and the names of all who were against us. Any one having reports of this nature should not forget to send them in to us.

    Further on officials of West and North Townships. J. Soukup- soundly defeated by the Bohemian vote. A. B. Chladek elected. The city Council elected is composed of 3 Socialists, 7 ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I E, I F 4
  • Svornost -- February 27, 1880
    Bohemian in Public Schools Unrecognized

    The petition of 258 parents and guardians of children attending the Throop School, for the inclusion of the Bohemian Language as a study, which was referred to a special committee for consideration some two weeks ago was the cause of considerable debate on the part of the School Board yesterday.

    The readers of Svornost know who the favorable members of the Board were and who were unfavorable. The way we indicated the last time we mentioned this matter is just the way it happened. Of the committee two members, Stiles and Stone, recommended favorable action by the School Board, whereas the obstinate German member, Vochke, who happened to preside over the committee, stood out against the introduction of the teaching of Bohemian in the Throop School.

    Mr. Stone said that the petition for the introduction of the study of the Bohemian Language in this school, is signed by more than half of the taxpayers of this school district and that the petitioners have just as much right to request the teaching of Bohemian as have the German citizens to have German taught in the public schools.

    2

    In opposition to this, Mr. Vocke claims that there is a great deal of difference between Germans and Bohemians, or in other words they are superior. He does not wish the Germans to be given any privileges before other nationalities, but the Bohemian Language is so unimportant that it must not be compared in the least with German. Use is made of the Bohemian Language in only two of the Educational Centers of the world, that is at Prague and Vienna, while the German Language must be considered as a major basis of culture. The knowledge of German is sufficient for every business man to carry on all transactions with benefit and advantage anywhere.

    In this same manner Mr. Richberg spoke, moving, in conclusion, that the Board proceed to vote on Mr. Stones motion that the teaching of Bohemian be permitted in the Throop School. The vote brought out the following results:

    For the introduction of Bohemian: Stone, Brennan, Frake, Curran and Stiles (5). Against:- Vocke, Richberg, Keith, Bartlett, Frankenthal, Delaney and Hayne. (7).

    3

    Therefore, by a majority of two votes the just petition of Bohemian Citizens was rejected and unrecognized.

    How easily could this petition of ours have been acted on favorably had it not been for the old, (still from the old country) German obstinate hatred which, in a contemptible and shameful manner, vented its spite on everything Bohemian even in this land of freedom. If these three Germans, Vocke, Richberg and Frankenthal had voted for the teaching of the Bohemian Language, we could be rejoicing today in the just disposition of our petition.

    We seek in this land of freedom, in this where the Bohemian element is second in numbers only to the Germans, only the recognition of our rights, Whether the Bohemian tongue is used in one or ten world centers does not concern us in the least; we are interested only in the preservation of our language and nationality, in the same manner that it concerned, and still concerns the German people. And since they have been given the privilege, why should they take it upon themselves to prevent us from acquiring a like privilege.

    4

    Finally, since impudence, selfishness, obstinacy and insolence is excessively rooted in the minds of all Germans, almost without exception, how then could we expect, even in this land of freedom, to receive any support from them? If, at some time or other, they seem to incline toward friendship, it is only because they want some help in some cause, but if they have an idea that they may be able to accomplish their objective without us, then all we get from them are dirty sneers and scorn and opposition to any effort whatever on our part.

    Our attempts, efforts, requests, and hopes for the teaching of the Bohemian language in the public school where over half of the pupils are of Bohemian parentage, were, since yesterday, destroyed, unrecognized and for the time being, we must submit. Perhaps we shall find other ways and means by which we shall finally receive our just rights.

    The petition of 258 parents and guardians of children attending the Throop School, for the inclusion of the Bohemian Language as a study, which was referred to a special committee ...

    Bohemian
    I A 1 b, III A, I A 1 b, I C, I F 4
  • Svornost -- March 11, 1880
    To the Bohemian Voters of the 6th Ward

    It will hardly be amiss if at this time we remind the Bohemian Voters of the 6 Ward of the importance of the duty which the coming City Elections place upon them. In this ward, for the greater part Bohemian, where without the support of Bohemians and against their wishes no party can succeed in electing any candidate and where only because of the lack of interest on the part of the Bohemian element any kind of crook can be elected to the City Council, there has been unanimously nominated by the Socialist Labor Party a candidate who is well known to all of us, Citizen Martin Baumruker. Friends of Bohemian interests who consider it important that Bohemians should be represented worked sincerely in his behalf at the City convention and they were successful in silencing all voices which were raised in objection to him as a Bohemian. Even the German and American delegates who formerly worked against him, not knowing the strength of the Bohemians in the 6th ward and not recognizing the ability of the nominee are now enthusiastically for him, knowing, 2that he is a dignified representative of the Bohemian people in regards to honesty, energy and defense of the interests of the Labor Party. His election is almost a certainity if only his countrymen do not remain away from the polling places on election day and provided they attend meetings before election day conscientiously, where our battle lines are to be set up and preparations made against all opponents, who ordinarily vote only for the glass of liquor or for the few dollars which they receive, and who no doubt, as in the past, will try with their utmost to elect to the city offices those who know how to steal enough in their various offices to be able to pay for their reelection at the expiration of the term.

    We are confident that the Bohemian citizens of the 6th ward are well informed for they have proven so on more than one occasion. We know that the Bohemian citizenry wishes to support all things which are good and especially so when we are concerned with the election of a Bohemian candidate whom all honor and toward whom, among all his countrymen in the ward, there is probably not one unfriendly.

    3

    We must not forget that it is important for every citizen to attend pre-election meetings, where everything possible is being done to insure our success at the polls. Not that it is necessary for anyone to verify for himself the character of the candidate, for he is known to everyone who takes any interest in public matters, but so that the disinterested persons might be aroused and encouraged to activity so that a successful conclusion might be reached.

    It has always been a sad picture for Bohemians of this important ward, when so few of them participate in these meetings, leaving the task of recommending and supporting a Bohemian candidate to Americans and Germans.

    Any one at all interested in the outcome of the election should come, and even though he does not make use of flowery phrases and make lengthy speeches, he will at least through his presence make it known that it is of importance to him to have the Bohemian candidate elected. Thus far there are many complaints about the feeble attendance of Bohemians at these meetings and strangers lay it to indifference on our part, but if it should continue on in this manner there can be no doubt but that they too will lose their enthusiasm, seeing 4that we show none where the election concerns us most.

    But this must not happen. Surely we will not forget ourselves so far as to neglect our honor and our own national interests. Surely every enlightehed person will take time to attend these encouraging meetings and then to cast his vote at election time.

    We will not permit it to be said that we ourselves have not upheld our honor and leadership, that we do not value the work which has been undertaken these many years, especially now when it should show some accomplishment for our cause in a victory for our candidate.

    Therefore Bohemians of the Sixth Ward, altogether now, To work.

    It will hardly be amiss if at this time we remind the Bohemian Voters of the 6 Ward of the importance of the duty which the coming City Elections place ...

    Bohemian
    I F 1, I C, I F 4
  • Svornost -- March 23, 1880
    Citizenship Papers.

    All those wishing to vote at the coming spring elections must be citizens and they must have their names entered on the registration books of voters.

    No one can be registered as a qualified voter who has not secured his second papers. (Citizenship Papers) Last week there were two days during which registrations were held and there will be one more day of registration, the last, of which we are reminding you now, this week.

    There are still many Bohemians among us who should have been entitled to vote long ago, who have not taken advantage of this privilege because they have not as yet obtained their final citizenship papers. There is absolutely no difficulty in connection with the obtainment of these papers. They can be had from any State or Federal Court if the applicant brings with him two citizens as witnesses. For the better convenience of their countrymen citizens Belohradsky, Hudek, and Jandus have decided to make the necessary arrangements for all those entitled to citizenship who present themselves to them.

    2

    In the 5th precinct of the 6th ward our countrymen can present themselves to citizen Jan Morava of 18th Street, he is the precinct captain there, and he will arrange to accompany the applicants to the proper authority.

    Workingmen do not forget to cast your ballot for the Socialist candidates at the coming election, for they are the only ones from whom we may expect anything better than that which has thus far been given us. What the workingmen can accomplish was shown at the last election when they succeeded in electing three of their candidates.

    There should be no question this time as to our success if only the working men do not lack the will to accomplish it. Whoever has not received their citizenship papers and if they are entitled to them should take steps to secure the same as soon as possible.

    All those wishing to vote at the coming spring elections must be citizens and they must have their names entered on the registration books of voters. No one can be ...

    Bohemian
    III A, IV, I F 4
  • Svornost -- July 06, 1880
    Bohemian Political Club

    Last Sunday at a private meeting of several Bohemian citizens of the Republican, Democratic and Socialist Parties, there was organized a Bohemian Political Club. The main purpose of this meeting was to discover if possible, ways and means of injecting more life into the political activity of the Bohemians in Chicago, so that the lack of interest prevailing in the past might be overcome and that we might prove ourselves to be a live political force which is to be reckoned with and respected by other nationalities.

    The main objective of this club is to protect the interests of Bohemians and to achieve such strength as to assure the election of Bohemians into the various city offices, where they are needed so that we will not have to beg for our lawful rights.

    It was decided to call two public meetings of Bohemians, one on Saturday night in "Tel. Jed. Sokol" (Gymnastic Union Sokol) hall, the second to be held early next week in the 6th Ward.

    2

    To these meetings will be invited all citizens, without regard to political parties, so that there might be a public discussion as to what would be the best for all concerned and whether there is a possibility of uniting all forces in the interest of the Bohemian nationality. For the purpose of calling these meetings a committee of three citizens was appointed, Fr. Kohout, Fr. Stejskal and A. Pregler. They were instructed to announce the meetings and procure the necessary halls as reasonably as possible.

    Last Sunday at a private meeting of several Bohemian citizens of the Republican, Democratic and Socialist Parties, there was organized a Bohemian Political Club. The main purpose of this meeting ...

    Bohemian
    I F 2, I F 4, I F 1
  • Svornost -- September 30, 1880
    Our Inactivity

    We read in all the newspapers accounts of meetings of the members of the various nationalities, Irish, German, French, Scandinavian, Polish and so on-- but to look for an account of some activity of the Bohemians is useless. The political movement among Chicago Bohemians was never very active, but such careless, suicidal, disinterest as prevails this year we have never yet witnessed. Even though it is high time, we have not had a single Bohemian political meeting thus far, whether Socialists, Democratic or Republican. Then we expect other nationalities to take notice of us, respect us and themselves force us into some office.

    No one takes notice of a vegetative corpse such as we are in regards to politics.

    We read in all the newspapers accounts of meetings of the members of the various nationalities, Irish, German, French, Scandinavian, Polish and so on-- but to look for an account ...

    Bohemian
    I F 4, I C
  • Svornost -- October 13, 1880
    Citizenship Papers.

    The most important duty of every inhabitant of this country is that he obtain for himself citizenship papers and perform his duty as a citizen in regard to elections.

    In this respect there has been among us Bohemians, during the past six years, considerable activity; nevertheless there are still many among us who should have long ago been entitled to a voice in the elections, but who have failed through neglect to obtain the necessary citizenship papers which would give them the right as citizens to enjoy the various privileges of this land. The taking up of citizenship papers does not entail any difficulties because our countrymen citizens J. B. Belohradsky and Prokop Hudekm cheerfully and gladly assist anyone in this respect.

    In spite of the numerous Bohemians here, there are less than 2000 of us who 2are citizens. Under these circumstances how can we expect to receive any respect from those in public life, when we dont care about it in the way that is absolutely necessary? Therefore it is the duty of every Bohemian to take out his first or second papers as the case may be, most favorable.

    The most important duty of every inhabitant of this country is that he obtain for himself citizenship papers and perform his duty as a citizen in regard to elections. In ...

    Bohemian
    III A, IV, I F 4
  • Svornost -- November 02, 1880
    The Judgment of German Newspapers

    Yesterday's Arbeiter Zeitung , among other things, says that in the 3rd Congressional District there is to be a contest for the office of Representative Leo Meilbek, who performed the duties of this office in the last session of the Legislature with ability and honesty. His influence on this law-making body was so beneficial, that there is no doubt but that the citizens of this district will give him a much larger vote as befits a man of the people.

    Standing removed from political partisanship, removed from the endeavors of the greedy or ambitious, Leo Meilbek has always been a representative standing up for the rights of an oppressed people, who also, have so few true representatives in their legislature. Anyone who casts his vote for Mr. Meilbek can rest assured that he has not thrown his ballot away, for he will have voted for a true atandard-bearer of freedom of the people and of progress, for a proven leader of the small but determined minority of the State Legislature. Meilbek has the daring and the ability to place himself, with success, in opposition to the representative of the capitalistic class.

    Yesterday's Arbeiter Zeitung , among other things, says that in the 3rd Congressional District there is to be a contest for the office of Representative Leo Meilbek, who performed the ...

    Bohemian
    I F 4, IV, I C, I E
  • Svornost -- June 29, 1881
    Bohemian Appointed to School Board

    The City Council held a meeting last night in which, as a whole, there was not much of importance to the Bohemian people except that the Mayor announced the appointment to the School Board of the Bohemian Lawyer Adolf Kraus, thereby fulfilling the long desired request of the Bohemians that they be represented in this important office.

    The Mayor announced the appointment to the School Board of the following: Adolf Kraus, Jacob T. Healy, Thomas Brennan, Dr. Norman Bridge and Adolf. Schoeninger.

    The City Council held a meeting last night in which, as a whole, there was not much of importance to the Bohemian people except that the Mayor announced the appointment ...

    Bohemian
    I A 1 a, IV, I F 4