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Chicago Tribune -- August 09, 1877Bohemians.
A second meeting of the Bohemians was held last evening at the Bohemian Hall. The meeting was quite large and composed of better material than such gatherings usually are. The object of the meeting seemed to be to calmly discuss the result of the late riots and to better unite the lumber-shovers, and give some expression in defense of the Bohemian nationality from the aspersions cast upon them in the late troubles. Numerous speeches were made accusing the papers of blamming them for the riots and censuring them as a class, which charges the speakers resented with great earnestness. They maintained that the Bohemians are peacable, law-abiding citizens, and that of the 25,000 in the city a smaller portion had been convicted of crime than any other class. Resolutions were adopted denouncing the papers for accusing them of leading and promoting the riots of two weeks ago. The meeting was devoid of enthusiasm, but from remarks not incendiary -occasionally dropped by a hot-headed speaker, it was evident, that the leaders of that nationality, at least, were ready to resent imaginary evils of any kind at any time, and to join the lumber-shovers or any other class, in a strike, let the consequences be what they may. The following resolution then was adopted.2
"Resolved, that we protest against those calumnies thrown upon us Bohemians in Chicago during the past riotous days by our large dailies, the Tribune and the Times. We refer every fellow-citizen to the criminal statistics of the city of Chicago, which show that the Bohemian Nationality being represented here by at least 25,000 inhabitants, furnish proportionality the least contingent of criminals and transgressors to the prisons and jails. And by these statistics we prove that those calumnies were base affronts to all the best citizens of Bohemian extraction, and we pronounce them a base lie.
A second meeting of the Bohemians was held last evening at the Bohemian Hall. The meeting was quite large and composed of better material than such gatherings usually are. The ...
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Svornost -- May 27, 1878Local News
A fight broke out at a dance, held in Hautas Tavern, corner of De Koven and Clinton Streets last Saturday night.
Mr. John Dvorak and his wife along with 12 other youths were arrested.
Because of the opportunity afforded the press of other Nationalities to point with discredit toward us, such outbreaks are to be regretted.
A fight broke out at a dance, held in Hautas Tavern, corner of De Koven and Clinton Streets last Saturday night. Mr. John Dvorak and his wife along with 12 ...
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Svornost -- June 03, 1878Local News
Local Socialists held a mass meeting yesterday at 31st and Halsted Streets. About 3000 people were present. Speaking was in several languages.
The gathering quietly dispersed afterward.
Local Socialists held a mass meeting yesterday at 31st and Halsted Streets. About 3000 people were present. Speaking was in several languages. The gathering quietly dispersed afterward.
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Svornost -- June 28, 1878(Socialist Meeting)
A joint meeting of Czech, German, English and Scandinavian units of the Socialist Labor Party was held last night at 130 Canalport Avenue.
Citizen Kristof called the meeting to order. Felix Richter, elected Chairman and Lew Meilbeck Secretary.
Citizen Kristof was given a vote of thanks for past services as captain of 6th ward and citizen Roth was elected captain for the next meeting which will be held the next Friday at this same address.
A joint meeting of Czech, German, English and Scandinavian units of the Socialist Labor Party was held last night at 130 Canalport Avenue. Citizen Kristof called the meeting to order. ...
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Svornost -- February 14, 1879[The Teaching of German in Public Schools]
The teaching of German in the public schools will doubtless be discontinued as the majority of the school board are not in favor of continuing this study and because school finances are insufficient.
This matter is to be definitely decided at the next meeting of the School-Board. Consequently there is great pressure being exerted in German circles for the continuance of this study in our schools and to discontinue instead the teaching of music and drawing.
As far as we are concerned we are against the teaching of German in our schools for the reason that like the German people, the Bohemian, Polish, Scandinavian and all the other nationalities could request the teaching of their various languages, for they are taxpayers also.
Not wishing to see their children denationalized, they should maintain private schools for the teaching of their mother tongue just as the Bohemian's are doing.
The teaching of German in the public schools will doubtless be discontinued as the majority of the school board are not in favor of continuing this study and because school ...
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Svornost -- May 05, 1879(Editorial) Foreign Language in Public Schools.
The prevalent rule in Chicago is that the German language shall be taught in all our schools. In its district the parents of about 60 children requested it and the German citizenry has managed so well that their mother tongue will be taught in fifteen schools.
In Chicago we number at least 25,000 Bohemians diving for the most part in one section of the city. According to our viewpoint we should be entitled to have our Bohemian language taught at public expense in at least five schools for we pay for the up keep of the school system the same as do the Germans. If we contribute less we would be expecting smaller advantages.
Thus far we have maintained through our own finances and work our own schools for teaching the Bohemian language. The Germans are smarter than we, for they are much more able to maintain ten schools to our one, but why should they do so when they can have taxpayers of other nationalities maintain them with apparent pleasure? Germans are continually pushing into the foreground and with this activity of theirs, the 2constant boring in they have gained a nice privilege. We Bohemians continually shrink into the background and whenever there are any proceedings going on where it would serve to our benefit if we were to speak up, we all have our mouths sewed up.
Our well informed associates to whom the maintenance of the Bohemian nationalism should be of prime importance should take heed of our admonition on this matter and begin to work for the teaching of Bohemian, at least in the schools where most of the children are of Bohemian parentage.
Will any one of our many Lodges and Societies take notice of our motion in this matter? Which one will be in the lead?
The prevalent rule in Chicago is that the German language shall be taught in all our schools. In its district the parents of about 60 children requested it and the ...
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Svornost -- June 09, 1879Bohemian in Public Schools.
For some time past there has been among several of the Bohemian Newspapers, including ours, some discussion about the possibility of having the Bohemian language taught in some of our public schools in districts inhabited mainly by Bohemians. We expressed ourselves as being of the opinion that informed Bohemians of Chicago would take notice of this important matter and take the necessary action for the accomplishment of this purpose. We believed that Chicago Bohemians would consider such a movement as being of the utmost importance to them personally and so far as their pocket-books were concerned. However after further thought and consideration of the matter, we are forced to admit that we were greatly mistaken. After the publication of this subject it was discussed here and there, one would say that it was impossible to accomplish this objective, another would say that he was satisfied to have his children learn English as the knowledge of Bohemian would in all likelihood be of no use to him in this land. If we asked some member of one of the National Societies what they thought of this matter and whether they would go on record for it, the answer invariably was that they would give it no consideration since they were a Benevolent Organization.2
That any one in the Reading Clubs has even mentioned this matter is doubtful. If the various Societies and Reading Clubs of the Bohemians disregard this important matter it can hardly be expected that the mass of citizehry as a whole will give it any thought.
In Chicago we have some sixty national Bohemian Societies and Lodges, but in not one was there any mention made on this subject; it seems as though they were all afraid to even discuss it; much less to start a movement which if it was successful could only bring honor and recognition. We still believe that if some one of our organizations were to initiate the first steps toward the accomplishment of this matter, it would speedily receive the support of all the other organizations and of the entire Bohemian Citizehry. The German population has succeeded at the expense of the general public in having German taught in 16 schools, and there is no reason why we should not succeed in having Bohemian taught in five schools.
All that is required is that we ardently and willingly work for it.
For some time past there has been among several of the Bohemian Newspapers, including ours, some discussion about the possibility of having the Bohemian language taught in some of our ...
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Chicago Tribune -- June 24, 1879(No headline)
The Bohemian sharpshooters have been remanded to their cells until today before being called up to plead, as the uncertainty of the fate of Donohoe, one of the wounded men, whose condition is most precarious, renders it impossible to settle upon the proper charge to prefer.
If Donohoe dies as the result of his wounds, the charge of murder would be lodged against all the men under arrest, even though there should be no identification of the precise person who fired the shot causing the fatality. Each and all of the men who fired into a crowd at short range would be under the law held to be equally accountable for the homicide. So that in any event there is excellent material for such a prosecution and punishment of the criminals as shall serve as a warning to reckless and excitable men under arms. It is to be hoped that Mayor Harrison's gentle coquetting with the Socialist leaders will not be permitted to stand in the way of full justice and a wholesome example.
The Bohemian sharpshooters have been remanded to their cells until today before being called up to plead, as the uncertainty of the fate of Donohoe, one of the wounded men, ...
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Chicago Tribune -- June 25, 1879The Mayor and the Socialists
Mayor Harrison has caused his special organ to retract the statement previously credited to him, to the effect that the police could not disarm the Bohemian Sharpshooters because the Constitution guarantees to every man the right to bear arms. The Tribune cannot undertake to follow up all the mistakes of Mayor Harrison's special organ, but draws attention to this case because it was misled into a criticism of the Mayor for what he now asserts he did not say, and because it is anxious to believs that he is not inclined to take the communistic view of the statute which goes into effect the first of next month and forbids the organization and parade of just such military companies as the Bohemian Sharpshooters.
The constitutional principle is very clearly defined by the language employed, which guarantees the right to bear arms because a well-organized militia is necessary to the security of a free State; but the new law forbidding the organization of independent and irresponsible military companies and punishing citizens who belong to such organizations, is one that should 2have no place among the statutes from the very organization of the State. There would then have been no question about the right to disarm the Bohemian Sharpshooters; in fact, there would have been no such organization, and consequently no such riotous proceedings as occured on last Sunday.
Mayor Harrison has caused his special organ to retract the statement previously credited to him, to the effect that the police could not disarm the Bohemian Sharpshooters because the Constitution ...
Chicago Tribune -- June 25, 1879The Bohemians to the Editor of the Tribune
Chicago, June 24. - The Bohemian citizens and taxpayers of Chicago had a meeting at the Bohemian Turn-Hall on Taylor Street on the 23rd of June.
There was an article published in the Illinois Staats-Zeitung calling all us Bohemians blood-thirsty beasts, and saying that it was only Bohemians that started the row in 1877, and that now they were starting again. We, citizens and taxpayers of this town, have been living here, and know that the trouble in 1877 was only Chicago roughs and loafers, with clubs and stones in their hands, entering shops and making the poor workingman stop and call it a strike. The police force was not strong enough to stop the loafers in their action. The next day there were a few Bohemians mixed in the crowd, but that does not take in all the Bohemians. We and thousands of other citizens stopped at home.
In regard to the row at the Silver Leaf Grove, how can a newspaper like the Staats Zeitung call all us Bohemian citizens blood-thirsty beasts? Can about 30,000 Bohemians be responsible for about a dozen or more men that get in a row with loafers?2
We Bohemian citizens of this town have been abused several times by the Staats-Zeitung without reason, and it is time that it was stopped. There are as good and respectable Bohemian citizens in this town as there are Americans and Germans.
We sign in the name of the Bohemian citizens and taxpayers of this town.
Chicago, June 24. - The Bohemian citizens and taxpayers of Chicago had a meeting at the Bohemian Turn-Hall on Taylor Street on the 23rd of June. There was an article ...
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