The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

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  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- September 12, 1867
    First Entertainment of German Young Men's Club

    On Wednesday evening September 11, the German Young Men's Club gave its first entertainment at Library Hall, at the corner of Randolph and La Salle Streets.

    By 8 P. M. several hundred people, men and women, young men and young ladies, assembled in the hall, in compliance with requests made from the pulpits of various Protestant churches and personal invitations extended by members of the Club.

    The German Young Men's Club was organized May 9, 1866, by five students of a local American business college. The thirty-five members of the Club were born in this country,and work as clerks, bookkeepers, etc., for American firms. They are anxious to retain a knowledge of the German language.

    2

    The Club meets every Saturday evening in the social room of the Sixth Methodist Church. The meetings are conducted in the German language, and the programs, which consist of debates, readings, declamations, discussions of political issues, etc., are also all German.

    The Protestant pastors recommend the Club to the youths of their congregations in an effort to counteract the evil influences which lure many young men away from the Christian Church.

    The proceeds of this entertainment will be used to establish a library for the German Young Men's Club.

    Program

    1. Selection from "Freischuetz".......................Weber

    Theodore Falk, Pianist

    (Played on a Knabe piano)

    3

    2. Recitation, "Die Schlacht," .................. by Mr. Rieke

    3. Tableau, "Washington Crossing the Delaware"

    4. "Die Harmonie".....................................

    Double Quartet

    5. Reading, "Muttersprache," by Theodore Falk

    6. Tableau, "Constantine Sees the Cross in the Sky, and below the Cross the Words: 'In This Sign Thou Wilt Be Victorious'"

    7. "Phantasy" ........................................

    Theodore Falk, Pianist

    8. Reading by J. L. Hinners

    9. Tableau, "Liberty and Union"

    10. Overture from "The Caliph of Bagdad" ............................

    Falk and Coffin, Pianists

    11. Epilogue by J. W. Hoffmann

    12. "Gesellschaftslied"

    Double Quartet

    4

    13. Tableau, "Hector Defeats the Greeks"

    14. "Good Night" ................................

    Men's Chorus

    The program was well received. The assembly applauded frequently, showing that it appreciated the efforts of the performers. The double quartet consisted of three members of the Young Men's Club, four members of the Germaniamaennerchur, and one member of the Concordia Maennerchor....

    On Wednesday evening September 11, the German Young Men's Club gave its first entertainment at Library Hall, at the corner of Randolph and La Salle Streets. By 8 P. M. ...

    German
    III E, III C, II B 1 a
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- October 21, 1873
    The Know-Nothing Party

    Thanks to the stupidity of the mob which assembled last Saturday evening at the Pacific hotel, the election which will take place two weeks hence, has been much simplified. The Pharisaic scoundrels, who constantly have the words honesty and virtue on their tongues, while cheating the poor taxpayers, have disclosed themselves as a "Know Nothing" Party and have declared war against all the Germans and Irish Catholics.

    This declaration of war by the nativist mob will find the Germans as united as the declaration of war by the French in 1870. A number of German citizens have attempted to form an alliance with the nativists, but they have been repulsed with scorn. An assembly of street urchins, thus writes the paper on these few Germans, could not behave themselves in a more tactless manner, than the majority of the convention members. This convention has brought about a complete rupture between the two main elements of our population. The glove has been thrown in our face. As men of honor we shall seek revenge.

    Thanks to the stupidity of the mob which assembled last Saturday evening at the Pacific hotel, the election which will take place two weeks hence, has been much simplified. The ...

    German
    I C, III E, III A, I F 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- September 06, 1875
    The Schuetzenfest First Day

    Yesterday's great Schuetzenfest (Marksmen's Festival) had an auspicious beginning.....The weather was delightful....contrary to....the predictions of....pessimists....The first train brought the riflemen and visitors....Participants numbered many thousands....The riflemen formed a parade in the morning and....welcomed the out-of-town guests.

    As far as we could ascertain, the following gentlemen attended: [A list follows, of visitors from Bloomington, Illinois; Monroe, Illinois; Bellevue, Iowa; Joliet, Illinois; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Highland, Illinois; and St. Louis, Missouri.]

    Most of the guests arrived at the Milwaukee and Northwestern depot.....About fifty visitors came by train....and were conducted to the hall.....

    2

    The parade started on Illinois Street at 9:30 A. M. and marched in the following order: The fifteen target pointers led, followed by six bowling pin boys, all with the insignia of their rank; then the Grand Exposition Band with its leader, Mr. Nitschke; next the cadet corps under Captain Bauhn; then the marksmen from out-of-town and, finally, the Chicago marksmen. The parade consisted of about two hundred men. The route: On Illinois Street to Wells Street, thence on Erie Street to Clark Street; then on Randolph Street to the depot on Clinton and Canal Streets.

    The festival train reached the Park at about 11 A. M., and those who arrived later formed in ranks conforming to the previous order and marched through the Park to the Reception Hall.

    The Schuetzenpark (Marksmen's Park) has been considerably improved. The Park has an area of eighty acres. Of these eighty acres, forty are used as a park, ten form the rifle range, and the remainder is cultivated by Hermann 3Fink, the caretaker.....[Translator's note: Here follows a description of scenery, paths, flowers, fountains, pumping outfit, well, and building.] Further improvements are contemplated.

    ....The parade, marching to the music of the Grand Exposition Band, reached the Park building where A. Boese, the president of the Club greeted them in approximately these words:...."Friends!....A year has passed since we last met....Let us celebrate the festival and remember the proverb of the aged Swiss gentleman:

    'No apprehension, youngsters!

    But shoot while you may

    Our fathers also wasted

    Powder in their day.'"

    The banquet started at noon. It differed from banquets held at similar festivals in that there were no toasts....Mr. Fink, or rather, his culinary staff, 4deserve the greatest praise.

    After the banquet, shooting and bowling were in order, and about 150 marksmen participated in the shooting competition. In general not much can be said, as the results will not be made known until the end of the festival.

    We shall therefore speak....about the prizes.

    The Honor target: 47 prizes; the first, $50 in cash; second, $40, etc.

    The next target: Highest prize, $35.

    The King's target: Only the king's marksman can win the first prize; he must have the highest score for a hundred shots. The prize is $40 in cash and a gold token of honor, worth $20. (The cost of the latter has been defrayed by Bartholomae and Leicht, brewers.) Other prizes:...

    5

    The prizes for bowling amount in all to $250. The first prize is $75 in cash....

    The cadet marksmen had a special tournament. Adolph Guntrum received the first prize and became cadet king.

    A bugle call at 3:30 P. M. brought the assembly to the speakers' platform,....in front of the Park building, where Mr. Busse....introduced A. C. Hesing.

    Speech by A. C. Hesing

    "Marksmen and friends! Permit me to express my hearty thanks to the Schuetzenverein (Marksmen's Club). I appreciate my having been selected as today's speaker. You may rest assured that I am grateful for your confidence in me....

    6

    "I welcome the members of other clubs in the name of the Chicago Schuetzenverein. The festival celebrating the foundation of a Schuetzenverein should....always draw attention to its lofty purpose and its beneficial, far-reaching effect. Particularly the large English-speaking contingent should be familiarized with the festival--in view of the importance of marksmanship and its influence on the American nation in its period of development.

    "The objects of marksmanship are manifold, and only we Germans and the Swiss can fully understand the wide-spread effects which the great....Swiss and German....tournaments have produced.

    "While marksmanship is regarded as a sport and has difficulty in developing in monarchies, it is practiced to the fullest extent here in this free land, where it becomes a civic duty. Marksmanship in America should be recommended, practiced, and encouraged in every conceivable manner.

    7

    "In considering the serious side of the question--the civic duty, whereby every citizen becomes the defender of his home--let us remember that this is not the sole object; our constant chasing after the dollar will become less intense as we find time for recreation. Our American national character--still in the formative stage--would also absorb a liking for popular festivals. The virtue of comradeship, which is almost entirely absent from our indigenous population, would be developed. This pastime would provide an opportunity for that exchange of opinions among citizens which is so essential to a free state. Former differences would be ironed out.

    "As the main attributes of a good marksman are clear sight and strength, the body is developed by this sport.

    "One may say that the Schuetzenverein bears the same relation to the older men that the Turnverein (Turner Society) does to the younger generation. In other words: Whereas the latter is concerned in developing the body 8and furthering liberal, progressive attitudes, the former creates a brotherly alliance of free citizens and patriots; we may regard it as the citizen soldiery of the republic.

    "The wonderful influence which the Swiss Schuetzenvereine have exercised in creating concord and good fellowship among the various Swiss communities is too well known to require repetition here.

    "You all know that in the small, exemplary republic of Switzerland, the people regard marksmanship as one of the main pillars assuring unity, freedom, and independence.

    "In as far as these marksmen's tournaments affect the various provinces of Germany, one might mention the recent meeting at Stuttgart, where mutual encouragement and brotherly comradeship....strengthened the bond of friend-ship, and where friendly understanding with our racially related neighbors, the Swiss people, was renewed. That incident may well serve as an example.

    9

    "The Germans in America succeeded in introducing gymnastics, which proved a great blessing to our youth. The movement[gymnastics]has been started here and has taken root. Eventually it will be a permanent feature.

    "Our German song clubs awakened a feeling for music among our American-born citizens and helped immeasurably in making the people conscious of the proverbial German sociability.

    "But none of these associations are as suitable as marksmanship for introducing German ideas and the German spirit in this our adopted land. The American plays with guns while still in the cradle. In later years it becomes second nature. The average American has the proper qualifications: good sight, sturdy arm, and the necessary iron nerve or quiet cold-blooded-ness--characteristics now considered synonymous with Americanism.

    "What the American can do as a mere sharpshooter was proved in a splendid 10manner during last month's tournament in England. But the only object the American has in mind is to hit the bull's-eye, and here the civilizing influence of the German ideals of marksmanship will be needed, so that the American can understand the true significance, the deeper motives, involved.

    "I have no doubt that we are on the threshold of an American joint festival, similar to the German and Swiss affair, which is celebrated to promote good fellowship. This American festival should be a gathering of the Northerners, the Southerners, people born on foreign soil and, in fact, all who call themselves citizens of this republic. At the large tent with the American flag, representing unity,....the people will meet to resume old friendships,....thereby strengthening again the eternal alliance of the separate states.

    "An American Joint Marksmen's Festival according to the German-Swiss pattern! What a sublime thought!

    11

    "When shall we practice a custom like that of the Swiss, and send one or more delegates from each county of each one of the thirty-eight states of the Union, to appear at such a festival? Can there be any doubt that such a tremendous gathering of the best elements from all parts of the nation would do more for the unification of the North and South than all reconstruction and Ku Klux laws?

    "Such a meeting would form the germ of an adequate defense system for our republic, and even though all of us hope that the necessity will never arise to call such a system into action, nonetheless proper provisions should be made to protect us from possible contingencies.

    "By organizing a cadet corps composed of German-American children, the Chicago Schuetzenverein has shown that it takes full cognizance of this important question. The great strides which this young contingent has made in its marching and in the handling of its toy guns prove that a fertile field has been found, and only little effort will be needed to make our 12youth amenable to manly efforts later. Upon youth, according to the ideas implanted in it, depends the future greatness or decadance of the Republic.

    "Impress youth with a taste for beneficial exercises, as the turners do, and you will avoid the problem of finding the youngsters on street corners after working hours, insulting women and old men.

    "And we can truthfully say that, if the youth of all the larger cities throughout the country were enrolled in turner societies or Schuetzenvereine, the rowdy and loafer element--the canker of our American social structure--would be instantly abolished. Affiliating the youths with your Schuetzenvereine is also the surest and quickest method to implant marksmanship and make it acceptable to the people as a national institution. Permit me, before closing, to call attention to one important factor.

    "To realize such lofty goals the German Schuetzenvereine should encourage 13native-born Americans to participate in target practice and at the festivals[of the Schuetzenvereine]. In this manner the Americans will become familiarized with the club's activities--both useful and diverting. The clubs should induce the native element to emulate our Chicago Germans.

    "Perhaps I have considered this question too seriously, but it seems very important to me--in so far as our adopted country is concerned. Therefore I could not refrain from giving a brief explanation of the benefits accruing to the republic from a proper development of marksmanship.

    "In closing I wish to be forgiven for not having mentioned the fair sex in connection with today's festival. Who, after all, could think of such a festival without considering the lovely representatives of the species? Women are the main attraction of any German gymnastic, song, or marksmanship festival and like Martin Luther, I must exclaim:

    14

    "'Whoever does not love wine, women, and song Will never be a good marksman!'"

    When Mr. Hesing concluded his speech, the president of the festival called for a triple hoch for the speaker.

    Target shooting was continued after this interlude and the first day showed the following results:

    J. B. Hefner of Chicago shot the first twelve flags. Mr. Vickart of Highland Park shot the next twelve flags....

    The Committee on Arrangements....deserves full credit....The festival provided excellent entertainment; music, a good concert, a wheel of chance, etc.

    Marksmen from St. Paul, Minnesota; Dubuque, and other localities are expected....also the members of the local English-American Rifle Club, since the 15latter were....invited.

    The second and third days....promise to be a social occasion, since the marksmen generally bring their families then....No one should fail to be present when the prizes are distributed....

    Illinois Staats-Zeitung, Sept. 7, 1875.

    Second Day

    The Schuetzenfest had its second inning yesterday. Although the crowd was smaller than that of the first day, there was nevertheless a large throng at the Schuetzenpark. As previously mentioned, the second day was dedicated to serious work. At eight o'clock in the morning a cannon was fired, indicating commencement of activities. A large number of the marksmen remained at the Schuetzenhalle (Marksmen's Hall) at the Park in order not to be tardy. Real liveliness began to be manifested, however, with the arrival of marksmen on the eleven o'clock train.

    16

    Target shooting continued from morning until six o'clock in the evening with the exception of one hour for lunch. The beginning and end of that period were announced by the firing of a mortar.

    Silver medals were awarded to twenty-three marksmen. The silver medals were given to all who could score one dozen hits in the center of the target. J. W. Codon of Bellevue,....and N. M. Plottke, of Chicago, were thus honored. [Translator's note: Here twenty-three names appear. A large Chicago German group won in this division.]

    The medals were not given at the end of the various competitions, but immediately upon being earned. The recipient was led in a triumphal tour, headed by the master marksmen, and amid music was brought before the great marksman and punster, "Natz'1" (Mr. J. B. Hefner) who bestowed the prize while giving a suitable speech.

    The largest number of bull's-eyes were made by the following: D. Wiget of 17Highland, 85; M. Grau of Chicago, 69....

    On this target 7800 shots were recorded....Other results: Union target:....George Beuttenmueller of Chicago, 67 ringers....Man's target: Highest numbers: John Pfefer, 78 ringers....all of Chicago.

    Otto Mutschlechner, known as one of the oldest and most ardent members of the Schuetzenverein, said, as the silver medal was given to him amid great acclaim, that he does not consider himself one of the best marksmen any more, but that, nevertheless, he will always work....for the furtherance of marksmanship and the abolition of anything which proves injurious to the sport. In conformance with the aforesaid, as well as at the request of the Schuetzenverein, he [Mr. Otto Mutschlechner] and Messrs. Starke and Hartmann advocated and succeeded in bringing about an alliance of the marksmen of the East and the West.

    After calling attention to the great benefits gained from such a union, 18Mr. Mutschlechner expressed the hope that the West will be well represented at the next marksmen's festival at Philadelphia; and asked the assembly to hail the new alliance, whereupon all concurred vociferously.

    The president of the Schuetzenverein, A. Boese, agreed with the proposal and showed why the Schuetzenverein desired to be affiliated with the Eastern alliance. He, too, gave three cheers for the Schuetzenbund der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika (Riflemen's Alliance of the United States). [Translator's note: The original does not explain whether this is the regular name of the Chicago Schuetzenverein, the Eastern alliance previously mentioned, or the proposed name for the Chicago and Eastern alliance.] Later....additional cheers were given by....various members, including the co-founder of the club, Abraham Stuedle.

    There was also considerable activity at the bowling alley. Last evening 1,070 rolls were recorded. Up to the present, John Bortenschlager has succeeded in dislodging the nine pins forty-two times, and William Starke 19and Jacob Schmidt are tied--each has scored forty.

    Today marks the end of the festival. Shooting will continue during the morning. Most of the more ambitious riflemen remained at the Park[overnight at the clubhouse]to gain the desired points.

    Mr. Hefner will distribute the prizes after proper calipering of the various shots and computing the ratings.

    Good music, dancing, and concert selections are announced again for today, and in every way ample provisions have been made for good entertainment.

    Illinois Staats-Zeitung, Sept. 8, 1875.

    The End. The Winners

    The Schuetzenfest of 1875 came to an end yesterday. A large crowd came 20from Chicago and vicinity, anxious to observe the final results....Trains, buggies, wagons, and other conveyances were....needed to accommodate the throng. Attendance....during the afternoon probably exceeded ...expectations....The festival was successful in every respect, and the weather was favorable throughout the duration of the riflemen's tournament. Interruptions which are usually associated with such affairs were no noticed.....

    Target shooting and bowling started at an early hour with a few intermissions for refreshments. A mortar shot at three o'clock proclaimed the end of the festival. The rifles were laid aside and everyone awaited the announcements....An hour later a bugle sounded, whereupon the assembly gathered before the clubhouse, where the master marksmen, the president, and J. B. Hefner, who attained the title "King of the marksmen," were stationed to distribute the prizes.

    Mr. Boese, the president of the club, stepped forward and spoke approximately 21as follows: "My Friends! During these days we have had ample opportunity to talk about marksmanship, and voice our diverse opinions.... and it is hardly possible to make additional comments.

    "The casual observer may think it a simple matter to distribute prizes during such an event. It is not. Every rifleman knows what it means to compete for three days with an able adversary.....and Mr. Hefner did just that. It was not easy for him to win. Mr. Wiget of Highland is an expert marksman. But and unflinching eye, a sturdy arm, and some luck made Mr. Hefner a master marksman. He is the 'King of the Riflemen' and it is my pleasant duty to award him the diploma and the gold medal!"

    The new king was given three resounding cheers, and he expressed his thanks in a few words. He said that he was elated over the victory and that he felt that the entire club shared his sentiments. "Let me say of Mr. Wiget that he is the best marksman in the United States, and in comparison to his I am a mere bungler. It was luck rather than superiority which gave me success."

    22

    In closing he again expressed his hearty thanks for the good will shown by his friends and by the fraternity of marksmen in general.

    Then Mr. Hefner awarded the various prizes to his fellow marksmen and added a few words of praise in every instance.

    The results: Union target, first prize: Wiget of Highland and Beuttenmueller of Chicago, fifty dollars in gold and forty dollars paper money; second prize: M. Grau, Chicago, thirty dollars:

    [Translator's note: Forty names appear, and three targets are listed.]

    Mr. Plotke obtained three prizes, and when Mr. Hefner awarded them he observed that Mr. Plotke had been a member for only two weeks and that such a victory had not been recorded since the time when the club was founded.

    Other prizes:....[Translator's note: The prizes are not listed in their 23entirety and my computation shows that $671 was paid out; adding the amounts which were not published and the $229 paid for bowling prizes and the medals, I find that about one thousand dollars in prizes were distributed.]

    ....Altogether, 17,236 shots were fired.

    In the bowling alley 3,705 rolls were recorded. As first prize, W. Starke, who was pronounced king, received a gold medal and seventy-five dollars in cash.....

    At the completion of the distribution of the prizes music emanated from the dance hall. Many found this an added attraction.

    At nine o'clock in the evening it was announced that the train was about to leave.

    24

    This was a delightful festival which will linger in the memory of all.

    Yesterday's great Schuetzenfest (Marksmen's Festival) had an auspicious beginning.....The weather was delightful....contrary to....the predictions of....pessimists....The first train brought the riflemen and visitors....Participants numbered many thousands....The riflemen formed a parade in ...

    German
    II B 1 c 3, IV, III E, II E 3, II B 3
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- December 07, 1875
    The Fair at the Vorwaerts Turner Hall

    A bazaar was given yesterday at the Vorwaerts Turner Hall for the benefit of the Sunday school. As may be noted from former reports, the Vorwaerts Turnverein has always--and especially since its "rejuvenation"--shown that it not only desired to improve the physique--by exercises which develop the muscles and make them supple--but also to improve the mind--hence the new Sunday school. The latter is well attended, definite proof of its excellence.

    The school was reopened after the summer months but the Verein soon came to the conclusion that it could not maintain the school unless it resorted to extraordinary measures.

    Thus the wives, daughters, and friends of the members resolved to open a bazaar--a stupendous affair--to further the cause. If the fact that the 2weather was unfavorable is taken into consideration, the affair had an exceedingly auspicious beginning.

    While the Turners [the male members] saw to it that the hall was suitably decorated and that other necessary preparations were made, stands erected, etc., the women members made it their business to gather objects of all descriptions to provide for the material aspect of the festival. How well they succeeded became apparent yesterday.

    Rows upon rows of stands showed a wide assortment of articles. Toys, household items, clothing, and what not, were available in abundance and little coaxing was needed by the salesladies to induce liberal buying.

    To give a more detailed account of the hall and its interior arrangement--which was very artistic, by the way--we shall insert, at this point, a description of the stands and the names of the ladies in charge: Finery and dolls, Mrs. Belohradsky; dry goods, Mrs. Brauer and Mrs. Pooth; music and books, Miss L. Schuettler; sweets and bakery goods, Miss M. Fricke and 3Miss L. Knuehl; cigar stand....; wines.....; toy stand....; flowers....; church articles....; game [i. e., wild fowl, etc.]....; drugstore items....; post office....; ladies' police....; songbirds....; fishpond....[Translator's note: The dots indicate the omission of names of persons.]

    The following ladies constituted the hall committee: Mrs. B. Kretlow....[Altogether twenty-four names].

    After the school children had sung....under the leadership of Mr. Schoessling, Mr. H. Stahl introduced Mr. Lackner, president of the North American Turnerbund, who gave the opening address. He said:

    "My Friends! Undoubtedly the most important and most worthy task of mankind is the development of the children who are entrusted to our care, that they may become accomplished members of society. This object is realized by the inculcation of strict morality and the instilling of culture. Anyone who has performed that task deserves greater gratitude from the state than the greatest diplomat, although the teacher may not be remembered with monuments, and his name may not 4be reverenced by future generations. The future of a state depends upon the proper education of its youth. If the ground is not adequately prepared to receive the seed and develop the fruit, neither culture nor progress is possible.

    "If it is necessary that certain subjects be taught, it is, on the other hand, equally essential that certain things remain untaught.

    "A person, for instance, who has been brought up to show deference to a hereditary king, or who has absorbed the spirit of submission from his mother's breast, will have more difficulty in comprehending the principles of equality and independence than a person who has been nurtured in mental as well as physical liberty. After all, it is not important how much the child learns, but it is imperative that he become conversant with the right subjects.

    "If a child's education is given a good foundation, if the beautiful, the 5precious, and the useful are made available, then, as the child develops, it will have a different outlook than a person who has been stuffed with learning, prejudice, and false ideas.

    "For the furtherance and realization of these ideals the Turnverein Vorwaerts founded the Sunday school, and now seeks the support of the residents of the Southwest Side; in fact, it appeals to the inhabitants of the entire city.

    "Women have worked hard to decorate the hall, and are now beckoning visitors to buy. The fair sex has always beautified the world and lent enchantment to fleeting time.

    "Therefore, in this instance we might ignore our praiseworthy habit of frugality and spend wholeheartedly, since a beneficial purpose is involved!"

    After Mr. Lockner concluded his speech, gymnastic exercise were performed in a very capable manner under the leadership of Mr. Gloy.

    6

    The pupils of the Sunday school gave an astounding demonstration of their command of arithmetic, and their instructor deserves full recognition for this great feat.

    The Fair surely had a good beginning and undoubtedly will be even more successful as the week progresses.

    A bazaar was given yesterday at the Vorwaerts Turner Hall for the benefit of the Sunday school. As may be noted from former reports, the Vorwaerts Turnverein has always--and especially ...

    German
    II B 2 f, III E, II B 3
  • Svornost -- November 25, 1878
    "Healthy Body, Healthy Mind"

    This is a saying of which the truth cannot be denied, and one which receives confirmation in professional circles. It seems that physical culture among Bohemian-Americans, and particularly among Chicago Bohemians, is not an important subject. In fact, it appears to be regarded with the utmost indifference everywhere among us. With more than 200,000 Bohemians in the United States we have only about 15 gymnastic societies, with about 800 members. Until the recent organization of the National Gymnastic Society the local units in most cases, scarcely subsisted.

    Merely 800 members of gymnastic societies among a population of 200,000 Bohemians! These figures do not do us much honor. Were it not for the improvement recently shown, we should have to admit that all hopes of establishing a physical culture program among our compatriots in the United States must be dismissed.

    We have noticed for some time past that our fellow-Bohemians are turning away 2from all that is beautiful and useful; that gymnastics, the theater, and many other arts are being neglected. They seem to have nothing else in mind except the organization of benevolent societies. We are not unfriendly to such organizations and wish them to be as successful as any others, for we acknowledge their usefulness. But we deplore the fact that on account of the continual organization of such societies all our other nationalistic efforts suffer.

    In Chicago, where we have 25,000 Bohemians, we have two gymnastic societies. How many members have they? Not quite two hundred. This is not proportionately enough. Five or six hundred gymnasts would not be too many for Chicago. So many could and should be counted as members of our two organizations. There are in our city so many Bohemian youths that if one fourth of them were to join either one or the other of our two societies, these organizations would be much larger. Our compatriots, however, continue to remain indifferent toward these organizations and instead of giving them support are actually withdrawing from them.

    Only a small part of our people take notice of these organizations, and Chicago 3Bohemians in general think of them only when some charitable purpose is to be undertaken. Then every one remembers that we have two national halls, that we have a Telocvicne Jednota Sokol (Sokol Gymnastic Society) and a Cesko Amerikansky Sokol (Bohemian-American Sokol), and that it is the duty of our racial organizations to support this or that good cause. That either of these gymnastic societies should be noticed at any other time seems to be out of the question.

    We believe, however, that no one can excuse himself from joining one of these societies by saying that he cannot afford it. The dues of both are so small as to be a burden to no one.

    We have written about this several times, and we repeat: Bohemian youth, concern yourselves about gymnastic organizations, help to uphold our national ideals, and increase your well-being by joining the Sokol National Gymnastic Society.

    This is a saying of which the truth cannot be denied, and one which receives confirmation in professional circles. It seems that physical culture among Bohemian-Americans, and particularly among Chicago ...

    Bohemian
    II B 3, III E, III A, II D 1, II D 10
  • Svornost -- April 14, 1884
    The Theaters

    Six successful plays were given by the Bohemians yesterday. In the Sokol Hall was produced a very difficult play, "Rewisor" (The Comptroller), played to the complete enjoyment of the audience. The dramatic society Kolar (Cyclist) played "Svedove Na Morave" (The Swedes in Moravia), with great success. Those that played the major roles were without reproach. In the hall of the Bohemian-American Sokol was played the drama "Katovo Posledni Dilo" (Hangman's Last Deed). The citizens on the West Side had a wonderful entertainment arranged by the All-Bohemian Youth. We expressed here our opinion generally, a more detailed explanation would demand too much space.

    Six successful plays were given by the Bohemians yesterday. In the Sokol Hall was produced a very difficult play, "Rewisor" (The Comptroller), played to the complete enjoyment of the audience. ...

    Bohemian
    II B 1 c 1, III E
  • The Occident -- June 18, 1885
    Meeting of the Young American Hebrew Association.

    A special meeting of the Chicago branch of the Young American Hebrew Association was held last night at 134 Pacific Avenue for the purpose of greeting Mr. David Stickles, the general agent sent out here from New York for the purpose of perfecting the Chicago organization and placing it upon a higher plane.

    The association is national, and there is a branch in every city in the United States, but for some reason this branch has not met expectation. It has, however, been organized but three months, and has done some good work in that time. Its objects are to assist the deserving, no matter what their nationality or color; unemployed men are given work or found transportation to other cities where they think they can find employment. Others are given outfits of goods to sell and so forth.

    2

    The organization here has spent about $50 in three months; found work for several and assisted many to get to other places. But the object of Mr. Stickles' visit is to suggest and devise means whereby its labors may become more effective. There is an internation association in London. Sir Moses Montefiore and Baron Rothschild being interested in it. Nothing definite was settled upon at this meeting, but steps will be at once taken toward securing a permanent location for the headquarters, which have hitherto been located at 134 Pacific Avenue.

    A special meeting of the Chicago branch of the Young American Hebrew Association was held last night at 134 Pacific Avenue for the purpose of greeting Mr. David Stickles, the ...

    Jewish
    III E, II D 8
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- September 20, 1887
    A Teacher's Jubilee

    Nicolaus Dreher is the enviable man who can look back upon twenty-five years of activity in a field of noble work, the work of a teacher and educator. Mr. Dreher has been the beloved teacher at St. Joseph's parish school since 1862, during which time he has worked untiringly and successfully to educate and prepare young people to become good and useful members of society. In this task he has not failed. To celebrate this jubilee, publicly, the students of Mr. Dreher's class and others, who in years past used to be his students, headed by the Youth's Society of St. Joseph's community, have decided to make a universal celebration. A concert was given, the proceeds of which, with other large contributions of money, was presented to this excellent and highly deserving school master. The concert was at the north side Turn Hall, last night, and the immense attendance showed us the high esteem Mr. Dreher enjoys. Here is a short sketch of Mr. Dreher's career. He first became associated with the just then newly erected school, built by the Benedict Fathers on the corner of Chicago Avenue and Carpenter Streets, and remained there until 1864, when he was chosen as Superintendent for the boys school at St. Joseph's parish school. After Chicago's Great Fire he left for Pekin, Illinois, and established there a German-Catholic parish school. He didn't remain there very long, but returned 2to Chicago and became associated with St. Peter's school, corner Clark and Polk Streets, executing his duties there, as teacher, until 1873 when he to take over the management of the new St. Joseph school, then located on Hill and Market Streets. It is there where we find him, today, an untiring worker, assisted by the Sisters of the Order of Benedict. Mr. Dreher was always concerned, not only with the religious life of the students, and the preparation for a successful battle with life, but also in cultivating the German language. There was an improvised open book on the stage of the Turn Hall, composed of roses and other flowers, bearing this inscription in flowers: 1863 - Our Teacher-1887. Arrangements are under way for a reunion of Mr. Dreher's pupils for next Monday night at St. Joseph's school auditorium at Hill and Franklin Streets.

    Nicolaus Dreher is the enviable man who can look back upon twenty-five years of activity in a field of noble work, the work of a teacher and educator. Mr. Dreher ...

    German
    IV, III E, III C, III A, I A 2 a
  • Zgoda -- March 13, 1889
    Polish Falcons

    The gymnastic education society entitled "Polish-American Falcons" was organized with the intention of affording to the Polish youth an opportunity to educate themselves mentally and develop physically.

    It is well known, dear fellow men, that the above mentioned society has now and will have the following aims:

    First, to lend a helping hand whenever needed and to live in peace amongst ourselves like brothers. To join with other organizations, like the Polish National Alliance, and by it help to build a Polish hall here in Chicago.

    Second, to produce Polish theatricals, recitals, concerts, etc., as by this alone we shall obstruct the path to evil into which our youth might fall. So for this reason I make a plea to our friends, especially to the Polish youth, to join our Polish-American Falcons' organization, and by working together we will show other nationalities that our Polish mother doesn't 2need to be ashamed of her children.

    So come young and old to our meetings that take place every first Sunday of the month at 2 o'clock in the afternoon in the hall of Mr. Nalepinski, at Noble and Chopin street.

    As to the question of building a Polish hall, it could be accomplished in a short while.

    The gymnastic education society entitled "Polish-American Falcons" was organized with the intention of affording to the Polish youth an opportunity to educate themselves mentally and develop physically. It is well ...

    Polish
    III E, II B 1 a, II B 1 c 3, II E 3, III B 2, II B 3
  • Dziennik Chicagoski -- February 27, 1891
    Polish Activities in Chicago

    St. Casmir Young Men's Society, in St. Stanislaus Parish, donated $50 to the parish library fund. This fund will be used for enlarging the parish library, especially the establishment of a reading room. The library is in charge of the Polish Patriots' Club, and this fund is at its disposal. The young men of this society certainly deserve due credit and hearty support in every respect. They are a good example to our Polish youth, and we hope they will be Polish patriots, even though some of them are born in America and will remain here.

    St. Casmir Young Men's Society, in St. Stanislaus Parish, donated $50 to the parish library fund. This fund will be used for enlarging the parish library, especially the establishment of ...

    Polish
    II B 2 a, III E, III C, III B 2