The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

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  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- July 02, 1879
    (Testing the Constitutionality of Carrying and Bearing Military Arms by Private Organizations)

    Praise goes to the "Lehr and Wehrverein" for their stand, by insisting that, before the 4th of July Festival, a judge has to decide upon the constitutionality of the Militia's law, which went into effect July 1st.

    A company of ten men, under the leadership of Captain Bielefeld of the 12th Street Turnhalle left at 10 o'clock last night fully equipped with weapons and ammunition, to practise in the street. On his return to the Turnhalle be was arrested by Police-Lieutenant Callaghan.....

    As Judge McAllister's ruling, in the case of the Bohemian Sharp-shooters was, that the, officer in charge is responsible for the action of his men, the rest of the Lehr and Wehrverein's men could go free.

    2

    Men, free of prejudice will agree that it is an insult to the constitution, which permits every man to carry weapons. No rightful judge, reaching the "Lehr and Wehrverein's" license, could decide on anything but, that it is the Society's right to carry weapons. Paragraph 2 of the license reads: "The Society's duty is, to develop mental and physical qualifications of their members, and thus enable them to exercise their duty as good citizens, that the member should get acquainted with the law and political economy, and practice military and gymnastic drilling.-

    As long as the license has not been revoked, no state law can stop the Society from military drilling, furthermore, no rightful judge will decide against them.

    Praise goes to the "Lehr and Wehrverein" for their stand, by insisting that, before the 4th of July Festival, a judge has to decide upon the constitutionality of the Militia's ...

    German
    I F 2, I E, II D 9, II B 3
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- March 30, 1880
    [Socialist Meeting]

    Der Lehr und Wehr Verein had last night,at 54 West Lake Street, a very large and interesting meeting under the leadership of Herman Presser.

    Ben Butler from Massachusetts, and the clever advocates from Illinois and Michigan, also the two advocates willing to take over the defense for the Lehr and Wehr Verein, were very satisfactory to everybody.

    Der Lehr und Wehr Verein had last night,at 54 West Lake Street, a very large and interesting meeting under the leadership of Herman Presser. Ben Butler from Massachusetts, and the ...

    German
    I E, II D 9
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- July 06, 1880
    [Military Organization Displays its Colors]

    The Military Organizations marched out this morning with weapons and with colors flying, as previously announced. The streets through which the parade moved, were richly decorated with flags and bunting, and the people appeared in great masses, to witness the march of the magnificent body of military men.

    The procession moved to the place of the picnic "Oswald's Grove," corner 52nd and So. Halsted Streets, where the festival will take place to-day.

    The Military Organizations marched out this morning with weapons and with colors flying, as previously announced. The streets through which the parade moved, were richly decorated with flags and bunting, ...

    German
    I F 2, I E, II D 9
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- August 03, 1880
    (Parson's Excursion's to the Armed Organizations) Supplement to the Excursion of the Armed Organizations

    Member, A. R. Parsons, held a speech in the English language at the place of festival in which he said as follows:-

    "Lack of time and means make it ordinarily impossible for the workman and his family to participate in a celebration as it has been done in this one here. This was an extraordinary opportunity and it is not an ordinary picnic which has called the thousands of workman to the beautiful park. This is a brotherly celebration of men, who have the same opinions and follow the same ideas and fight for the same principles. All are opponents of the present political system as it reigns in all the United States.

    The underlying idea for the formation of the Armed Organization of the proletarians of Chicago has been to give battle to the present system of industry oppressing the workman and condemning him to eternal poverty as reward for his work and diligence. If sacred rights which sustain the liberty and the happiness of the people are taken away from them, 2if all peaceful means have been exhausted to induce the usurpers to return them to the proletariat to whom they rightfully belong, the last means and ways are, the last help and greatest duty of everyone to take up the arms. Worlds history has proved that only those who have been capable to defend their personal liberty who have been prepared and in the condition to force their justified demands. The Armed Organization of the workmen is the last resource to be kept in reserve if all other means and ways have failed. The vote boxes and all other careful ways to secure a Reform of the present system are under the command of the capital. The financial condition of the proletarian does not permit him to get the independence which guides him to preserve his free vote and a justified election. The rich real estate owners and manufacturers and the Kings of Monopol system control the elections by bribery, intimidation and corruption.

    The speaker demonstrated principally the present powerlessness of the working classes which must consequently lead to a revolution if no help will come.

    3

    Who would not employ force, if all peaceable ways have failed to get one's right? It is only power, which sustains the throne of the despot. Only power can maintain the existing systems and forms of Government. Our ancestors have already given the example in 1776, which has been followed by the Armed Organization of Chicago of the Cooperating Workmen. It is the duty of everyone to defend the right and battle the wrong. Who can deny that the present system to give the product of hard labor of the one to the other for exploitation? A system, which maintains slavery, which neither allows Masters nor slaves. The speaker continued that the workman looks for liberty of mind and soul. If the body is kept in slavery, mental blindness must follow. Therefore every proletarian whould work for the emancipation of labour. Everybody should join the glorified red flag of liberty and equality as a lifelong fighter and make a determined stand for the rights of humanity.

    Member, A. R. Parsons, held a speech in the English language at the place of festival in which he said as follows:- "Lack of time and means make it ordinarily ...

    German
    I E, IV, I J, I F 3, II D 9
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- January 15, 1889
    The Legal Aid Society Still Does Not Receive Necessary Aid.

    A short time ago the local Legal Aid Society was founded with the help of the Arbeiter Zeitung. The purpose of this society is to protect poor people, not versed in legal procedures of this country, against exploiting employers and swindlers.

    Two lawyers, Joseph W. Errant and Christ. Meyer, all day long give legal advice and help to people who are forced to resort to the law. During the short time of its existence, the society has handled an average of 110 cases per month, of which a great majority have been won by the society.

    The lawyers are paid for their efforts by the Legal Aid Society The funds are contributed by people who do not want to see their fellow men taken advantage of by ruthless scoundrels. The good accomplished by this society is appreciated by everybody.

    But the society cannot continue its useful activity for the downtrodden if it does not receive the fullest moral and financial support. Law-suits, as a matter 2of fact, are being accepted free of charge if the complaint is just and the client above reproach. It is evident that every client must acknowledge gratefully the favor received according to his means and first of all must not voice any suspicions against the officials of the society, thereby making them lose interest.

    A short time ago the local Legal Aid Society was founded with the help of the Arbeiter Zeitung. The purpose of this society is to protect poor people, not versed ...

    German
    II D 9
  • Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung -- January 18, 1889
    Disregard of Judge Tuley's Decision.

    Although the law suit of the Arbeiterbund vs. Mayor Roche resulted in Judge Tuley's decision forbidding the corrupt and venal police to disturb or prohibit any meetings of peaceful citizens, and although the judge stigmatized the procedure of the police as criminal and Mayor Roche and his hired police rowdies had promised to a bide by the judge's decision, they nevertheless pursue their criminal activities despite the court's decision.

    Mayor Roche refuses to put a stop to the criminal practises of his police chiefs. Because the Mayor as head of the police refuses to issue a written order to his henchmen regarding the right of free speech and assembly, we are forced to infer that Roche is the true originator of those disturbances which Judge Tuley condemned as illegal and criminal.

    As we all know, Professor Garside of Baltimore is at the present time in Chicago. He was to lecture on very important questions of the day at several meetings. One meeting was to take place in the thickly populated northwest side district.

    2

    However, the council of the Chicago police objected, so that no hall owner or manager of the entire northwest side is willing to rent out his hall at no matter what price. They all declared very positively that they would very much like to lease the hall for the meeting, but that the police is making too much trouble. If, however, the committee were to secure permission from the mayor or chief of police, they would gladly rent out their halls. Even the Aurora Turnhall was subjected to this ban. Mayor Roche refused a written consent to a committee of three.

    What is Judge Tuley going to do now and how is his decision going to be respected?

    What are the Turners going to do if the Aurora Turnhall cannot be used any longer for open minded lectures? What do our citizens say to this official anarchy? This same Roche retained his subalterns in office despite all the proofs furnished to him regarding their criminal activities.

    Although the law suit of the Arbeiterbund vs. Mayor Roche resulted in Judge Tuley's decision forbidding the corrupt and venal police to disturb or prohibit any meetings of peaceful citizens, ...

    German
    I F 6, I E, I C, II D 9, III B 2
  • L'italia -- October 08, 1892
    (No headline)

    Murder on Tilden Ave.

    The saloon of Luigi Allegretti's saloon was the scene of the killing of one Italian and the wounding of another. The saloon is located at 56 Tilden Ave. in the heart of the Italian quarter.

    Calogero Di Martino was shot to death and Giovanni Ciarciro was wounded. The perpetrator of the crime is unknown since the eye-witnesses to the act, who were held, when questioned by the police professed ignorance of any knowledge of his identity. Several reasons have been given as being the cause, but the one which this paper is inclined to accept is, women and money.

    The two victims were playing cards when some one remarked to Di Martino, "They're after you," to which he answered, "Let them come," and they came.

    2

    There was a scuffling of feet, an interchange of words, a confusion of shots, two, three, four, five, a man staggers to his feet and falls to the floor, another is wounded, and the assasin, - the assasin? No one knows.

    Odd and reprehensible adherence. Di Martino died three hours after the shooting. Before his death he told Police-officer Sullivan that he thought his murderer was Antonio Messineo of 46 W. Ohio St., and because of that, Messineo, after the inquest, was held to the Grand Jury. Ciarciro who had been shot in the back, said he did not see his attempted murderer.

    Held as witnesses, by the police, were Vincenzo Trocco, Michele Maghi, Giovanni Damiano, Vincenzo D'Amato, Luigi Rellishi, and Luigi Allegretto. Antonio Messineo, Guiseppe Azzarro Givachino Correo, and Giuseppe Russo, all residing at 49 W. Ohio St., and Antonio Passero of 137 North Ave. are being hunted by the police in connection with the murder.

    3

    The American newspapers as usual are loudly proclaiming the deed as committed by the Mafia or Black Hand Society, since they have been told by an Italian barber and an Italian storekeeper that the Mafia really exists in Chicago. To give the lie to these two clowns who have so little consideration for the reputation of the Italian Colony in Chicago, we have called in representatives of the leading Chicago newspapers for a group interview on the subject of the Mafia.

    This was Mr. Durante's reply to the Mafia question, in Chicago. "This fable of the Mafia is an unreasonable stupidity, an imbecility pure and simple. Every small quarrel between Italians gives rise to the cry of "Mafia." This organization does not now and never did exist.

    Several of my reporters have been at the scene of the crime and through them, I have definitely established the fact that the shooting occurred because of women and money and that they were more than intoxicated.

    4

    If this had occurred between persons of other nationalities it would not have aroused the present furore. We Italians are becoming fed up with this continual chatter of the existence of a Mafia Society.

    In one of the principal theaters of this city, a farce is presented every evening in which a popular comedian tries to show the public that a leading Italian statesman is the leader of the Mafia. In Saturday's issue of this paper, I have an article protesting against this outrage.

    To make a long story short, the Mafia does not exist in Chicago, nor in Italy."

    Murder on Tilden Ave. The saloon of Luigi Allegretti's saloon was the scene of the killing of one Italian and the wounding of another. The saloon is located at 56 ...

    Italian
    II E 1, IV, I C, III H, II D 9
  • L'italia -- February 10, 1895
    [A Chronicle of the Colony]

    The same group of Jews who recently gave false testimony for De Bartolo, did the same trick in Judge Underwood's court last Tuesday, but this time they went to assist Vincenzo D. Salvo, convince the court that Mr. V. E. Maggi owed him two week's pay. Judge Underwood would not be convinced and gave a decision favorable to Maggi.

    Di Salve was a member of the Italo-American Workers Society of which Maggi is president. The society aims to protect its members from claws of that (Black-Hander) De Bartolo. This one had used Di Salvo to further his criminal practice within the society. Di Salvo with the help of a porter had locked Maggi out of the society's offices at 200 W. Taylor st.

    The same group of Jews who recently gave false testimony for De Bartolo, did the same trick in Judge Underwood's court last Tuesday, but this time they went to assist ...

    Italian
    II E 2, IV, II D 9, II D 7
  • L'italia -- March 24, 1895
    Debartolo Has Been Held Guilty

    The Grand Jury held De Bartolo guilty of attempted murder and turned him over to the criminal court for trial. His bonds were set at $1,500. The trial is set for the next session of the criminal court.

    The act of which De Bartolo is accused took place at the De Koven Hall, Oct. 6, 1894. The readers are by now familiar with the case. On that evening, Mr. Durante as president was presiding at a meeting of the McKinley Club, and surrounded by many distinguished Italians and Americans. The audience was composed of several hundred Italian workers.

    The meeting was being carried on in good order when De Bartolo broke past the door-keeper shouting threats of Black Hand vengeance at Mr. Durante, went upon the gallery of the hall, drew a gun, and fired at him point-blank.

    2

    His shot missed the gentleman's head by a few inches. De Bartolo was set upon by those around him, disarmed and beaten.

    A warrant for his arrest was issued the following day by Judge Bradwell, but Mr. Wickersham, lawyer for Mr. Durante, had the trial set for Judge Everett's court. He was held to the Grand Jury which last Wednesday, found him guilty of attempted murder as we have stated.

    The West Side Italians were rejoicing in the hope that De Bartolo will find himself behind the prison bars for many years to come.

    The Grand Jury held De Bartolo guilty of attempted murder and turned him over to the criminal court for trial. His bonds were set at $1,500. The trial is set ...

    Italian
    II E 2, IV, I F 2, II D 9
  • L'italia -- August 31, 1901
    Graft in the Police Department

    In the stink that is being raised by the current investigation into the graft activities of the Chicago Police Dept., the name of an Italian is brought to light.

    The Italian, Battista Pizzi, formerly of 396 S. Clark St. is now serving time in Joliet for placing a minor in a house of prostitution which he and his wife operated.

    The investigators, having gone to Joliet to question certain inmates as to their knowledge of graft in police circles, cross-examined Pizzi, who revealed that he had paid certain members of the Harrison Ave. Police Station, $300.00 after his arrest, and for that sum was assured that he would not have to stand trial for the crime of which he was accused.

    He actually believed that he had bought complete immunity from any further 2contact with the law. But what was his consternation at discovering that these same persons finding him fertile soil to cultivate, made other demands for money with the threat of allowing the law to take its course were he to refuse.

    Whether Pizzi could not or would not continue the bribing, the fact remains that he was brought to trial and sentenced to Joliet. His wife who stood trial with him was also sent to prison.

    We would like to ask our American colleagues their reason for continually harping on the existence of a Mafia and Black Hand Society among the Italians and over-looking the actual graft that exists in, what is worse, the department of law and order.

    In the stink that is being raised by the current investigation into the graft activities of the Chicago Police Dept., the name of an Italian is brought to light. The ...

    Italian
    II E 2, I F 6, II D 9