The Chicago Foreign Language Press Survey was published in 1942 by the Chicago Public Library Omnibus Project of the Works Progress Administration of Illinois. The purpose of the project was to translate and classify selected news articles that appeared in the foreign language press from 1855 to 1938. The project consists of 120,000 typewritten pages translated from newspapers of 22 different foreign language communities of Chicago.

Read more about this historic project.

Filter by Date

  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- June 25, 1866
    Cornerstone of Saint Franziskus Church Is Laid

    Yesterday afternoon, the cornerstone of Saint Franziskus(Francis) Church, which is being erected on the corner of Newberry and Twelfth Streets, was laid. An immense crowd assembled at the scene, and when the time appointed for the ceremony arrived, one could see nothing but people on and about the platform.

    As we have stated in a previous article, the building will be 66 feet wide and 160 feet long, the steeple will be 150 feet high, and the edifice as a whole will be a credit to our city.

    For the convenience of the clergymen, a temporary platform had been built immediately next to the place where the cornerstone was to be laid. At about half-past three, the procession made its appearance. It consisted of several 2Catholic societies carrying their banners and other insignia, and was led by several bands; it took up its position within the foundation of the structure and around the platform. Several Irish-Catholic societies were also represented, and a great many more of their members would have appeared if they had not been misled by statements published in a certain newspaper to believe that their presence was not desired. A large company of school children, boys and girls, the latter wearing white and blue dresses, also marched in the procession under the leadership of their teachers.

    It was four o'clock by the time the societies and the school children had taken their positions about the platform. Then Bishop Luehr, who, as we know, came from Fort Wayne, Indiana, made his appearance; he was attended by two assisting clergymen, and made a lengthy address in the English language. He informed the assembly of the purpose and significance of the act which he was about to perform, by comparing the ceremonies of the church with military ceremonies. He pointed out that just as the flag is considered to be a sacred necessity by the soldiers who gather about it, so do the faithful 3gather about the cross, the symbol of the Redeemer. [Translator's note: This badly constructed sentence is a faithful translation of the original.] The Bishop declared that the erection of a church also required certain ceremonies, especially the laying of the cornerstone. He expressed his satisfaction at seeing such a large attendance and invoked divine blessings upon the rites he was about to perform and upon the edifice and the congregation.

    Then the stone was lifted to a height of about fifteen feet, lowered, and placed in the correct position; and while the congregation sang hymns, the Bishop placed a tin box which contained various documents, newspapers, etc., into the opening provided for that purpose, sprinkled holy water upon the stone, and dropped the cornerstone into place. The Bishop then addressed the assembly in the German language, thus concluding the festivities.

    Yesterday afternoon, the cornerstone of Saint Franziskus(Francis) Church, which is being erected on the corner of Newberry and Twelfth Streets, was laid. An immense crowd assembled at the scene, and ...

    German
    III C, I B 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- August 03, 1867
    Anent the Sunday Question (Editorial)

    In a recent editorial entitled "Reasonable Opinions" we said that our English- speaking citizens are becoming more enlightened and more liberal in their views on religious matters. The local Post (issue of August 1) is a pertinent example. Christian Times and Witness, a local religious periodical, published a fulminating article, sustaining the statement made by Dr. Schaff and his henchmen in the meeting held at Crosby Opera House, "that a widespread and well organized conspiracy exists for the purpose of desecrating the Sabbath, breaking down public morals, fostering crime and vice, and undermining the very principles which all Americans esteem very highly", denouncing the Germans as the chief tools of this conspiracy, and accusing the liberal press of setting the value of the German vote above that of religion and morality. In answer to this article the Post writes, August 1:

    2

    "It is not difficult to enact a good law and to place it on the statute book, but it is impossible to enforce a law that is not in agreement with the opinions and desires of the majority of the people of a community.

    "Who is to blame if honest German workers prefer spending a part of the Sabbath in a beer garden to visiting the stylish temple of the Reverend 'Creamcheese,' there to endure the suspicious glances of elegantly attired 'Christians,' or attending services in the house of worship presided over by Reverend 'Zealot' where thunderous anathemas are cast upon him from the Old and New Testaments?"

    If modern Christianity has nothing to attract the great class of citizens, the workers, to its houses of worship on Sunday, why should Christians be surprised to find that workers look elsewhere for recuperations from the effects of daily toil?

    To accuse all who do not go to church on Sunday, and who drink beer on the Lord's Day, of "intending to undermine the civil and religious institutions of our 3country," is foolish and unjust.

    It has never occurred to these peace-loving and law-abiding citizens to encroach upon the religious freedom of others, nor do they have the least thought of conspiring against liberty, when they drink beer on Sunday; and though they were in the wrong, they certainly cannot be persuaded to do right by the ridicule and lies which are hurled at them by some so-called ministers.

    We often thank God that time of religious persecutions has passed; but we forget, at the same time, that in some of our churches today there prevails an attitude of intolerance which would condemn to death at the stake a man who commits the awful crime of drinking a glass of beer on Sunday, and would execute all "evil-doers," were it not for the fact that such drastic measures are forbidden by law.

    In a recent editorial entitled "Reasonable Opinions" we said that our English- speaking citizens are becoming more enlightened and more liberal in their views on religious matters. The local Post ...

    German
    I B 2, I B 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- November 02, 1867
    The Sunday Question (Editorial)

    Liberal statements concerning the Sunday question or similar issues have a twofold value when made by pastors, who, by the way, have great influence in this country. And it is exceedingly gratifying to find that such statements are increasing, both in number and in emphasis. Recently, Reverend Stebbins, one of the most prominent and influential pastors from the Pacific coast district, used as the text of a lecture: "The Son of man is Lord even of the Sabbath." He said in part:

    "The Jewish Sabbath, which according to Old Testament tradition fell on the seventh day of the week, was adopted by the Christian Church and transferred to the first day of the week. However, in taking this action the Christians were actuated neither by command nor recommendation from the Founder of the 2Christian Church. He did not set aside a special day, nor is there any authorization in the New Testament to observe a special day for worship. It was a matter of tradition,' of free choice. To enact a law to enforce the observance of Sunday as a religious holiday savors of a spirit of intolerance and a desire for persecution; and such a procedure is anything but Christlike. And laws which prohibit a citizen's doing as he pleases, though he in no way encroaches upon the rights of others, are null and void. There is still too much pharisaism among individuals as well as among religious denominations; for example; The City of Brotherly Love, the city of fashionable piety and gilt prayer books, enjoins the poor to pay five cents for a streetcar ride (on Sunday)--or, they may hire an equipage for ten dollars--while the rich ride in their won carriages drawn by fine horses. That is a shame! The idea that Sunday is an especially sacred day is erroneous. It is just as much a sin to steal or lie on Monday or Thursday as it is in Sunday, and it is no more a sin, and just as honorable and decent to enjoy fresh air and harmless amusements on Sunday as it is on, Tuesday or Wednesday. Morality cannot be forced by legislation; it can be engendered and fostered only by good example 3and encouragement."

    Well spoken, Reverend Stebbins!

    Liberal statements concerning the Sunday question or similar issues have a twofold value when made by pastors, who, by the way, have great influence in this country. And it is ...

    German
    I B 4, I B 2
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- April 25, 1871
    [A Corner Stone Laid]

    Laying of the corner stone of the Evangelical St. Stephen's Church, corner of 25th and Wentworth Avenue. The procession was led by Pastor Guntram, the minister and by Mrs. G. Ehrhorn and H. Wolff, the teachers of the community.

    The laying of the corner stone itself(after a long sermon and several songs) was accomplished with the assistance of architect (Baumeister) Gottig, bricklayers Andreas and Fachslanger, Cabinet-makers, H. Erbe, and building foreman,Christian Wiche. Into the tin box in the cornerstone Pastor Guntram inclosed three ears of wheat, a bottle of wine, a new testament, a list of the 68 members of the community, a copy of the April 22nd issue of the Illinois Staats Zeitung, some American coins and the founding charter of the community. Pastor Guntram did the first three strokes with the hammer. He was followed by the trustees of the community: George Scheidig, President; Ch. Mertens, H. Wagner, Wilhelm Luckow.

    Laying of the corner stone of the Evangelical St. Stephen's Church, corner of 25th and Wentworth Avenue. The procession was led by Pastor Guntram, the minister and by Mrs. G. ...

    German
    II B 1 c 3, I B 4, III C
  • [Association documents] -- October 29, 1871
    Sinai Congregation, Board of Directors Minutes

    Report of the Committee on Place of Worship stating that a certain Jno. H. Ross had rented Standard Hall, but the Board of Directors of the hall reserved the right for the use of the Sinai Congregation.

    Moved and carried, that the committee shall take further charge of the matter and see that the privilege be reserved for the congregation in the lease, and that a pulpit be provided.

    Moved and carried to appoint a committee to see that a melodeon be temporarily procured for our worships and that the choir and leader be notified to attend the worship as usual.

    Report of the Committee on Place of Worship stating that a certain Jno. H. Ross had rented Standard Hall, but the Board of Directors of the hall reserved the right ...

    Jewish
    III C, V B, I B 4
  • [Association documents] -- July 28, 1872
    Sinai Congregation, Board of Directors Minutes

    .....the report of the Committee on Funeral Regulations (was) acted upon, section by section. Report was then read and adopted as follows:

    1. In the event of death of a member of this congregation, it shall be the duty of the family of the deceased, or one of their relatives, to inform as soon as possible the president or vice-president of the congregation, or any member of the Committee on Funerals, of such an event, and the person receiving such information shall without delay inform the Committee on Funerals of such death, and shall notify the minister, and through the Sexton the members of the congregation to attend the funeral.

    2. It shall be the duty of one or more of the Committee on Funerals to repair at once to the house of mourning, and offer their services for the arrangements necessary to perform the funeral services.

    3. Although, it is no part of the duties of the congregation to furnish 2carriages, it shall be left to the discretion of the Committee on Funerals to furnish in exceptional cases not exceeding three (3) carriages, for the accomodation of the funeral Committee and such members as desire to attend the funeral, at the expense of the congregation.

    4. The Funeral Committee shall also see to it that the sexton notifies those members living nearest to the house of mourning to attend the customary evening prayers for the three evenings following the day of the funeral.

    5. Not less than two members of the Committee on Funerals shall attend funerals in person.

    .....the report of the Committee on Funeral Regulations (was) acted upon, section by section. Report was then read and adopted as follows: 1. In the event of death of a ...

    Jewish
    I B 4
  • [Association documents] -- August 18, 1872
    Sinai Congregation, Special Meeting, Minutes

    It was moved and seconded to instruct the Committee to consider to strike out Section 1 of Article 15 of our Constitution referring to the Biblical Sabbath.

    It was moved and seconded to instruct the Committee to consider to strike out Section 1 of Article 15 of our Constitution referring to the Biblical Sabbath.

    Jewish
    I B 4
  • [Association documents] -- September 01, 1872
    Sinai Congregation, Special Meeting, Minutes

    .....the Committee (of the whole) voted on the question to instruct the Committee on Revision of the Constitution and By-Laws to recommend to the next General Meeting to strike out in our Constitution in Section 1 of Article 15, the word Biblical, and .....sixteen voted for the motion an twenty-six against it.....

    The following Resolution was then unanimously passed: Whereas the proposed change in our Constitution regarding the observance of the Sabbath is not agreeable to many members therefore -

    Be It Resolved:

    1. That a better attendance at our public worship is henceforth expected, and thereby an interest and progress in Religion attained, whosoever advocated Saturday shall show it by example, and he who advocates Sunday shall not stay away, as an attendance will bring about mutual understanding and harmonious actions cherished by all.

    2

    2. It is conceded on all sides that the light participation in our public worship is a detriment and reproach upon the congregation and Judaism, and that either one change or another must follow, therefore if public worship on Saturday is upheld by the members, the question of a change will rest, yet otherwise it will soon come up again as a natural consequence.

    3. For the purpose of affording an apportunity to the youth to hear sometimes a word of religion, this congregation will as soon as possible arrange for a periodical Sunday service or lecture, and the members use their influence upon the youth to have them attend the same.

    .....the Committee (of the whole) voted on the question to instruct the Committee on Revision of the Constitution and By-Laws to recommend to the next General Meeting to strike out ...

    Jewish
    I B 4, III B 3 b
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- January 14, 1875
    Church and School (Editorial)

    "If the Illinois Staats-Zeitung can see no practical value for America in our article entitled 'State and Church,' it need only read our today's article about Catholic public schools in Saint Louis. [Translator's note: Verbatim. No doubt, the author uses the word public in the sense of free, meaning to say that no tuition was charged.]

    "Thus the editor of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung can convince himself that it is the firm intention of the Catholic Church to destroy the American system of nonreligious schools, for the purpose of placing the education of our youth in the hands of religious institutions. This movement has made only modest progress to attain that goal in America; but in New Brunswick, which is not far from our country, Bishop Sweeny, of Saint John, has already shown the way to rebellion against the school tax. He even went so far, in his resistence, as to expose the property under his 2jurisdiction to forced sale for nonpayment of taxes. He said: 'Every Catholic citizen is conscience-bound to refuse to contribute to the support of schools in which his religion is attacked or offended.'

    "The offense referred to evidently consists therein, that no religion is taught in the public schools of Saint John."

    Anzeiger Des Westens

    The "firm intention of the Catholic Church"? Well, if it exists, we in Chicago should see it, or hear of it, for Missouri is not America, by any means, nor is a Saint John bishop the Catholic Church. And as far as the American system of nonreligious (public) schools is concerned it could be destroyed only if it really existed.

    It does not exist. The public school has a Protestant tinge; and that, very likely, is true, not only of our local schools, but also of those of Saint Louis.

    3

    When we speak of a Protestant tinge we refer not only to the reading of the Bible, praying, and the singing of religious hymns, but also to the contents of textbooks. Surely, the books used in Saint Louis are no better in this respect than those which serve as textbooks in Chicago. In the latter we find numerous touching references to "Jesus" and the "Lamb of God," references which must be, and are, extremely offensive to the children of Jewish parents. If the Anzeiger Des Westens will kindly examine the textbooks of the public schools of Saint Louis, he will certainly find ample proof for our statement that our public schools are not nonreligious.

    Anglo-Americans are so naive in their religious narrow-mindedness that they do not even notice it when they offend people of a different religious belief. The average Anglo-American says: "I am certainly not prejudiced; I do not wish to disturb anyone in his religious views; but anybody can read the New Testament, and, surely, it can harm no one to hear about our Saviour." However, they never consider that there are people who do not wish to read the New Testament, and to whom Jesus is not "our Saviour"; but there are such people, and they are 4forced to pay taxes to support our public schools. By what right? We do not know whether or not, or how, a certain religion is being attacked in the public schools of New Brunswick; but we do consider it probable, in view of the fact that Anglo-American Protestants are naively impudent, that the adherents to the offended religious denomination have just cause to complain about being forced to contribute to the maintenance of such schools. An atheist, who pays taxes, also has a good reason to remonstrate if the opinion that a person who does not believe in a personal God is dishonest, unmoral, and unreliable, is drummed into the head of his child. No religion should be taught in public schools, nor should the pupils be forced to listen to the damnable lie that a man is depraved and unmoral, just because he does not profess a religion.

    Not until our schools have been made nonreligious in this respect will the state have a right to compel every citizen, irrespective of his religious belief, to contribute to the maintenance of our public schools. Then, and then only, can the state demand that children whose parents do not provide for other means of educating them, be sent to public school. And when our institutions of learning have been rendered completely nonreligious, we will 5gladly support the enforcement of the compulsory school attendance law. However, we certainly are not in favor of forcing the narrow-minded doctrines of the Protestant Church upon Catholics, Jews, or Gentiles.

    "If the Illinois Staats-Zeitung can see no practical value for America in our article entitled 'State and Church,' it need only read our today's article about Catholic public schools in ...

    German
    I A 1 a, I C, I B 4
  • Illinois Staats-Zeitung -- February 23, 1876
    Colvin against Calvin

    In yesterday's issue of the Chicago Times we read that until a few years ago, Chicago in its observation of the Sabbath was strongly under the spell of Calvinism. It was not Christianity but Calvinism which dominated here. All the wordly entertainments were under the ban of public opinion as well as of the law. All of this underwent a change. Real christianity conquered over the dark spirit of the religious ardour of Calvinism; - the Sabbath is now supposed to be here for man, not man for the Sabbath. Lectures dealing with scientific questions are given on Sundays now, with a much better attendance than that of the churches. There are concerts, theatres, etc.

    It would have been easy for the "Times" to say, that Colvin was the victor over Calvin! - But every child knows that the crumbling of the repulsive Calvinistic Sunday bigotry never could have been accomplished out for the victory of the popular party in the year of 1873. - At that time Colvin was against Calvin. - Had he been defeated, yesterday's article could not have been published by the Times; The detestable, hateful and malicious Sunday 2tyranny would have become "trump". - The election of Colvin by a majority of 11,000 votes was evidence enough for believers of Calvinism, that they cannot succeed against the fresh and happy outlook on life as Luther did, with lamentations, scoldings and ragings from the speakers pulpit as their only consolation.

    This of course the "Times" could not admit, it would not be in accord with their insane and infamous language used in 1873 against the popular party. Newertheless the fact remains, that the welcome change of Sunday worship in Chicago, occurred not with the aid but against the raging opposition of the "Times".

    In yesterday's issue of the Chicago Times we read that until a few years ago, Chicago in its observation of the Sabbath was strongly under the spell of Calvinism. It ...

    German
    I B 2, III C, I B 4